Alternate History

Frisian Empire

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Frisian Empire is a timeline in which nobody from OTL exists. I don't exist, you don't exist, Hitler didn't exist and that cute girl from across the street doesn't exist. After the point of divergence, economies and cultures changed as they were influenced by the Frisians. Neighbouring countries were effected, causing their colonies and therefore the entire world to be effected.

The main difference of this timeline from OTL is the establishment of the Frisian Kingdom in the 13th century, which corresponds roughly to the OTL states of the Netherlands, north-western Germany, northern Belgium and eastern Jutland/Denmark. The land is populated by an ethnic group called the Frisians (which also exist in OTL) and the Dutch populace which exist in OTL mainly live in Zeeland.

Early History of the Frisians

In the 2nd Century AD, a Germanic tribe named the Frisii co-existed alongside the similar Chauci, Saxons, Ampsivarii and Angles between the bay of Zuiderzee and the River Ems in the region known in OTL as the German Bight. In 1198 the Chauci (or Chauken) people invaded the Ampsivarii and were planniing to attack the Frisii to occupy the OTL region of Jutland and the Netherlands.

The Chauci and other tribes to the east would merge to form the Saxons in the 3rd century. Some of the Frisii joined in the Saxon and other confederations too, but they would retain a separate identity in Roman eyes at least. When the Roman occupation was weakening, many Frisii were relocated to areas around Flanders and Kent to work as slaves. From the 3rd through the 5th centuries Frisia would suffer marine transgressions that made most of the land uninhabitable, aggravated by a change to a cooler and wetter climate. Whatever population that the Romans had allowed to remain dropped dramatically, and the coastal lands would remain largely unpopulated for the next two centuries. When conditions improved Frisia would receive an influx of new settlers, mostly Angles and Saxons, and these would eventually be referred to as 'Frisians', though they were not necessarily descended from the ancient Frisii. It is these 'new Frisians' who, together with the remaining Frisii, are largely the ancestors of the inhabitants of modern Frisia.

By the end of the 6th century, Frisian territory had expanded westward to the North Sea coast and, in the 7th century, southward down to Dorestad. This farthest extent of Frisian territory is sometimes referred to as Frisia Magna. Early Frisia was ruled by a High King, with the earliest reference to a 'Frisian King' being dated 678.

In the early 8th century the Frisian nobles came into increasing conflict with the Franks to their south, resulting in a series of wars in which the Frankish Empire eventually captured the modern area of Belgium in 734. These wars benefited attempts by Celtic and Saxon missionaries to convert the Frisian populace to Christianity, in which Saint Albrod largely succeeded.

In the 9th century the Frankish Empire succeeded in subjugating most of the Frisian territories and they were in theory under the control of the Count of Holland. However, the Hollandic counts were unable to assert themselves as the sovereign lords of Frisia. The resulting stalemate resulted in a period of time called the 'Frisian freedom', a period in which feudalism and serfdom (as well as no central or judicial administration) did not exist, and in which the Frisian lands only owed their allegiance to the Holy Roman Emperor.

During the 13th century however, the counts of Holland became angry and, starting in 1268, sought to reassert themselves as rightful lords of the Frisian lands in a series of wars.

Point of Divergence

Which (with a series of lengthy interruptions) ended with the Frisians ruling victorious but not without the establishment of a powerful Hollandic noble class in Central and Eastern Frisia which the Frisians failed to stop.

In 1503 Frisia was captured by Spain but after a civil war in gained independance and became a major player in the world of colonialism. Frisia became an industrious nation alongside Britain, France and Germany and commanded an army that played a vital role in many battles of World War I and World War II.

Where should I start?

Reading up on the history of alternate Frisia, in addition to the information given above, is a must. These articles cover most of it;

You may also want to read about neigbouring countries, or perhaps the internal workings of Frisia.

You can also read up on other countries and historical events. Clicking links insided any article to learn more usually takes you on a journey deep into the althist and you should become an expert in no time. Some pages to get you interested could be:

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