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Frisia (Abrittus)

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Frisia
Fryslän
Timeline: Abrittus
Frisia abrittus No coa
Flag Coat of Arms
Capital Dorestad
Largest city Dorestad
Other cities Groninga
Language Frisian
Religion Lysianism (39 %); none (30 %); orthodox Germanic cult (11 %), Christian (Celtic, Latin, others: 10 %), Jewish (5 %), other (5 %)
Ethnic Group Frisians; others
Government minarchist republic
  legislature Frisian Senate
Area 18,350 m²
Population 261,000 
Established 1st century BC (formation Frisian tribe)

1366 AD (constitution of Free State)

Currency several foreign and private domesctic currencies in use
Frisia is a small minarchist republic on the North Sea coast of the European mainland and on the following small islands in the North Sea close to the continental shore: Tessel, Vlieland, Skiermûntseach, Rottum, Vestland, Ostland, Juist, Norderney, Balteringe, Langeoog, Spiekeroog, Wangeroog, Neewark, Deät Lun, Noordströön, Pellworm, Amrum, Feer, Söl and a dozen even smaller islands.

Its population is 250,000 and its capital is Dorestad.

The small island of Kakeetenoog (OTL Aruba) close to the continental shore of Caribia, which has 5000 inhabitants of indigenous Arawak and other Atlantic and Caribian as well as European and mixed descent,  also belongs to Frisia.

Frisia is a member of the World Council and was among the initial signatories of theTlacopan International Climate Protocol in 1556. It has observer status in the Germanic Alliance.

History

The area currently occupied by Frisia has been settled by humans for at least 100,000 years. Its land and water surfaces have been reshaped several times by natural forces and human intervention.

Frisians appear in Roman chronicles already in the 1st century BC, approximately the time in which the Frisian marshes became inhabitable. Soon they became tributaries to the Roman Empire and began to engage in simple trade (e.g. exporting amber). Excessive tributary obligations led to a Frisian revolt 28-47 AD. During the first half of the 3rd century, Roman control over Frisia weakened, and Frisians participated in raids of the Batavian and British coastal towns. In the last third of this century, Frisia's neighbour turned into the Celtic Empire, which broke away from Rome and restored and strengthened military control over its borders in the 4th century.

Ever since the Gallo-Roman victory in the Anglo-Saxon Campaign of 437-8, Frisia has become an integral part of the Gallo-Roman (later named Celtic) Empire as the imperial province of "Frisia". Latin - and to a lesser extent Common Celtic - have become Frisia's official languages, but simple fishermen and peasants continue to speak Frisian, a West Germanic language akin to Saxon and Frankish, too.

While politically calm, Frisia's towns developed self-confident elites and economically powerful trade syndicates, the most famous among them the Frisian Hansa, which has dominated Baltic trade in the 7th and 8th centuries with its cog boats, which were fitted by Celtic officers with Greek fire and equally well adapted to landing in the shallow tidelands of Frisia, Veletia, Pomerania and Courland and to sailing on the high sea. Frisia provides the Empire with products like wool, mutton, fish and salt. Starting in the 8th century, Frisian ships import cereals from all across Venedia; its modern windmills turn them into flour, which is both consumed domestically and sold in innovative sealed paper bags to Celtic wholesalers. Frisian fishermen control and exploit vast areas of the North Sea.

After Frisia recovered from the bubonic plague in the 7th century, it modernised its production to compete against cheap cotton etc. on the European market (inventing new manufacturing techniques for wool and building new and modern shipyards, selling ships to other nations like Franconia as well). Now, Frisians overtook the Ostrogoths in trade volume in the North and Baltic Seas.

Just like soldiers and merchants from other parts of the Celtic Empire have come to live among the Frisians, Frisian citizens have helped the Empire to settle Glaciana.

With the advent of early capitalist structures, which in this timeline were invented in Sogdia along the Silk Road, the Frisian Hansa turned more and more into a huge financial network of mega-companies. During the centuries of the industrial revolution, Frisian capital fuelled many developments, and the small number of Frisians profited greatly.

Searching for gold, which has long been and still is an accepted and important means of financial transaction and storage and which provided independence from instable foreign currencies, Frisia colonised a small island near the Caribian coast in the 11th century (Kakeetenoog, OTL Aruba) and extracted gold there. It took many centuries until settlers of European descent and indigenous Arawak of the Kakeet tribe merged into one culture.

The last major step on Frisia's long march from poorhouse to Germania's most exclusive quarters came with the eradication of malaria due to the discovery of chinin in the Caribian Cinchona root in the 12th century.

Being one of the wealthiest provinces of the Celtic Empire, the republican Councils in Lutetia repeatedly tried to tax Frisian companies and corporations accordingly, but the latter proved very able at fiscal evasion. As a result of the repeated conflicts, Frisia declared its independence from the Celtic Republic in 1558, following a national referendum, whose outcome was accepted by the Celtic Republic.

Ever since its independence, Frisia has been a leading advocate for free international trade. Domestically, Frisian political philosophy absorbed both Celtic liberalism, Afro-Arabian anarchism and Liberian political philosophy and blended them into a dominant libertarian paradigm which remains powerful until today. In a re-constitutionalising process, Frisia cemented this political philosophy in the 1366 constitution of the Frisian Free State.

Global warming in the 15th and 16th century dealt Frisia a very heavy blow; repeated storm floods caused serious damage, especially the greatest flood of all times in 1506, which devoured almost a ninth of Frisia's land surface, annihilated three islands, destroyed eight towns completely and killed almost a quarter of Frisia's population (60,000 casualties). Unsurprisingly, Frisia was among the major political forces pushing for an international treaty capping carbon dioxide emissions and an initial signatory of the Tlacopan protocol.

Post-climate change industrial conversion proved another industrial success for Frisia, which became the world's second largest producer of windmill technology (after Persia).

Frisia's wealth allows (and its constitution requires) the country to deal with Saxony's unpredictable and sometimes aggressive foreign policy by relying entirely on defensive treaties with the Celtic Empire, which has done a solid job in defending Frisia against Saxon military meddling several times in the past centuries.

Demographics

Frisia's population is growing at a very slow and linear rate (approximately 1000 inhabitants every decade), although birth rates are low (1.3; 35 % natural births). Besides long life expectancy (84 years), the main reason for this trend is immigration. Frisia's wealth attracts immigrants, mostly from its poorer Germanic neighbours; also, the highly complex industrial production processes often require skilled professionals which the small Frisian society not always brings forth in sufficient numbers.

77 % of Frisia's citizens consider themselves ethnic Frisians (many of them have a (not entirely recent) history of migration), the rest is composed of citizens from a various other ethnic backgrounds.

Frisian is the only official language. Almost all Frisians are also quite proficient in Latin. In Dorestad and other larger towns, other languages can be heard among communities of recent newcomers from other countries.

91 % of Frisians live in towns and cities. Rural households enjoy almost all the amenities of urban life, too, though.

The Frisian Minimal State

Frisia's 1366 constitution, which has underwent relatively few changes, defines a state with very limited and well-defined powers and values and safeguards individual liberty and property highly.

Frisia has no army. Its citizens enjoy the right to bear arms, and most of them voluntarily undergo training in individual and cooperative self-defense.

Frisia has no central bank, and its government neither issues a currency, nor interferes into its citizens' use of currencies.

Frisia's parliament, the Senate (the choice of the Roman / Celtic term indicates the strong Mediterranean influence in Frisian political philosophy), is elected every three years. It may only pass new laws with a three-quarter majority of its members, while 10 % of registered voters or a simple majority of Senators can repeal a law. Its executive branch is small and almost of a representative nature, it has extremely limited powers and factually depends on the Senate in all its decisions.

Public services (like port and road authorities) are not run by ministries, but by "corporations under public law"; they have autonomous budgets, finance themselves through fees and are supervised by councils whose members are to one half drawn by lot from among its subscribed users, to another half drawn by lot from among its employees.

There is no compulsory education. Drug use and prostitution are not legally prohibited (but many condominia contractually exclude some of the above on their grounds).

There is no income or value added tax. The Frisian state finances its small budget (less than 3 % of GDP), which is mostly used for dike protection, coast guard and police as well as for rent or land tax for public buildings, exclusively through customs and a land tax.

Economy

Frisia's economy is capital-intensive, profitable and globally competitive.

Agriculture has acquired a merely ornamental position in Frisian economy. Frisia imports most of its food from all over the world.

Frisian industry, on the other hand, is highly developed. Frisian companies are among the world leaders in windmill production and electronic micro-devices.

The service sector profits from a skilled domestic workforce, while less qualified jobs are often delegated to recent immigrants.

Almost all resources in Frisia are privately owned. Property is unevenly distributed, not unlike in most other developed countries, and so is income, although not as unevenly as in Saxony. Frisia is an important advocate of global free trade.

Social security

Frisia has not built a welfare state. Almost all of its inhabitants belong to one or multiple mutual insurance networks, though, which cover the costs of almost everything from birth over childcare, healthcare, education, start-up, retirement to burials. Whenever insurance does not suffice, families and friends must help out, which is why most Frisians have a high inclination towards saving money.

Poverty is rare in Frisia, but takes drastic forms (the homeless have few places they can go). Private charity only manages to alleviate it to a very limited degree.

Culture

Frisian culture is centered on the individual. From a Roman perspective, it is a radicalised version of the culture of the Celtic Republic. Lysianism has played a vital role in redefining and modernising Germanic cults and shaping a modern national identity of the Frisians. Lysianist schools are among the main providers of universal education, beside other private schools. (Vocational education is provided by chambers of professional groups.) Salvador79 (talk) 11:11, May 8, 2014 (UTC)

Abrittus

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