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|French Trafalgar, British Waterloo|
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- October 21 - Admiral Nelson's British Fleet is defeated in the Battle of Trafalgar by the combined French and Spanish Fleet. Great Britain sues for peace. Treaty of Copenhagen signed.
- November 7 - Lewis and Clark expedition reaches Pacific Coast
- November 16 - Battle of Schöngrabern: Russian army stops the French forces
- December 2 - Battle of Austerlitz; Austria and Russia defeated and surrenders to France.
- January - British take over Cape Colony
- February - Italy is unified into a single nation
- March - Netherlands formed.
- April 4 - The Treaty of Copenhagen is signed between the United Kingdom and France
- June to September - Rhineland Conflict; Prussia declares war on France over the creation of Confederation of the Rhine. France wins after massive victory at Battle of Augsburg, and imposes a harsh peace with Prussia.
- August 6 - The Holy Roman Empire officially ends, being reformed into the Austrian Empire.
- September 23 - Lewis and Clark return to St. Louis
- Russia signs Treaty of Cracow with France. The First Great European War is officially over.
- First Imperial Plan created by Napoleon, French Economy booms.
- Recession in the United Kingdom throws thousands out of work. Army and Royal Navy reduced in size.
- Beginning of Prussian Reforms.
- James Madison (DR) elected President of the United States
- Russia liberates the serfs; last state in Europe to do so.
- Frederich Krupp sets up his foundry in Essen, Confederation of the Rhine.
- July 7, 1811: Reactionary Prussian military officers stage a coup against the reformist government of Prime Minister Baron von Stein. The coup is quickly crushed by a Berlin revolt and loyal military units suppressing the reactionary officers.
- An American Militia stumbled across a convoy of Indians carrying British weapons. The incident increasing the tensions between US and Great Britain.
- Start of First American War: the US occupies York (Toronto).
- Battle of Fort Dearborne: American Victory, the Fort is taken
- Battle of Sherbroke: British Victory, invasion of British North America halted.
- Plan to establish an American army based on Universal Service is introduced in the US.
- Upper New York Battles: US tries to force Britain out.
- Indian raiders, supported by the British, attack deep into Kentucky, Tennessee and Ohio.
- Battle of New York: Andrew Jackson and a new conscript army manages to halt the British outside Albany, New York.
- Battle of Fort Henry: British battleships fire on the strong point, eventually forcing the garrison to surrender.
- Landings in Washington, D.C. British Marines land outside the American Capital and march on the ill-prepared city, burning many of the government building. President Madison and Congress flee.
- America sues for peace, and the British, wanting to cripple their former colony from becoming a major power, force them to give up a large part of the Louisiana Purchase (everything west of 102 Degrees From Prime Meridian), which is made part of the Canadian colony.
- In the US, the "American Plan" begin.
- The Hudson's Bay Company, under pressure from the British Government to re-inforce their holdings in North America, grants Lord Selkirk 300,000 sq km of land centered on the junction of the Red and Assiniboine Rivers for a farming settlement
- November - Rufus King (F) is elected President of the United States.
- March 4 - Rufus King, is sworn in as President of the United States.
- First group of displaced Scottish settlers arrive at Upper Fort Gary, the location of present day Winnipeg, Assiniboia
- Algeria becomes into a French protectorate.
- First American settlers arrive at the Red River Settlement.
- The Stockholm Pact is formed by Sweden and Prussia. Great Britain joins in 1822.
- US President Rufus King travels to France on board of the USS Massachusetts, where he meets with Emperor Napoleon. The Franco-American Alliance is born.
- January 29 - George III of the United Kingdom dies and is succeeded by his son, George IV.
- Mauritania is annexed into the French Colonial Empire.
- Rufus King (F) is re-elected President of the United States
- The Great Latin America Insurrection begin across of the Spanish colonies in America.
- The Turkish Civil War ends and Selim III defeats reactionary movements that seek to halt his reform efforts.
- The Dakota Territory is created.
- Guinea is annexed by the French Empire.
- The Hungarian Revolt took place; Count Széchenyi and Hungarian nobles capture Emperor Francis, and Austria is reformed into Austria-Hungarian Empire.
- November 2 - Andrew Jackson (DR) Party, wins the US Presidential election.
- March 4 - Andrew Jackson takes office as President of the United States.
- Indochina becomes a French protectorate.
- December 1 - Czar Alexander I of Russia passes away, and Nicholas I assumes the throne.
- Spain begin negotiations with the Latin American caudillos, which eventually leading to the signing of the Agreement of Bogotá.
- June - The Admiral Ganteaume from France arrives in Japan.
- August 17 - The Central American Republic (future Colombia) is first nation in declare his independence from Spain.
- The Congress of Tucuman declares the independence of Argentina, and José de San Martín is elected as first President.
- February 12 - Chile officially proclaimed its independence.
- July 28 - Antonio José de Sucre proclaimed the independence of Peru in the capital city of Lima.
- September 18 - Bernardo O'Higgins assume as first President elected of Chile.
- November - Andrew Jackson (DR) Party, is re-elected in the US Presidential election.
- The Federalist Party of the US merges with the National Republican Party.
- August 6 - Bolivia declares his independence.
- September - The Irish Sea Incident take place.
- Venezuela is declared as independent nation and Simón Bolívar first president.
- January 14 - Napoleon I Bonaparte dies of a heart attack.
- February 17 - Napoleon II (age 19) is crowned as new French Emperor.
- March 17 - Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire, beginning the Black Sea War.
- July - Ottoman victory at Naval Battle of Constanta.
- August - Russian troops reach Ploesti, where they faced the Ottomans and defeated them thanks to the tactics of Field Marshall Fabian Gottlieb von Osten-Sacken, who died in the battle.
- November - Sultan Selim asks for peace, as the Russians almost reach the Danube.
- January - Treaty of Odessa is signed. The Ottomans lost Romania and Moldavia.
- Selim III abdicates the throne of the Ottoman Empire, and is succeeded by Mahmud II.
- March - Spain enters the North Sea Pact.
- April 14 - Prussia declared the war on the Grand Duchy of Warsaw; France responds by declaring war on Prussia.
- April 22 - Austria-Hungary, Sweden and Italy join France in declaring war on Prussia.
- April 27 - Britain and Spain join Prussia. The Prussian Expansion War officially begins.
- September 7 - Prince Pedro declares the independence of Brazil from the Portuguese rule.
- October 12 - Pedro was acclaimed as first monarch of the Brazilian Empire with the name of Pedro I.