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French Indochina (Cherry, Plum, and Chrysanthemum)

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Indochine française
Đông Dương thuộc Pháp
សហភាពឥណ្ឌូចិន
ຝຣັ່ງແຫຼັມອິນດູຈີນ

French Indochina
Timeline: Cherry, Plum, and Chrysanthemum
Preceded by 1887-1954 Succeeded by
Flag of Colonial Vietnam (Myomi Republic) Annam
Flag of Colonial Vietnam (Myomi Republic) Cochinchina
Flag of Colonial Vietnam (Myomi Republic) Tonkin
Flag of Cambodia under French protection French Cambodia
Flag of French Laos (Myomi Republic) French Laos
Flag of South Vietnam Vietnam
Flag of Cambodia (Myomi Republic) Cambodia
Flag of Laos Laos
Flag of France (Myomi Republic)
Flag
Anthem: "La Marseillaise"
Capital: Saigon (1887–1902)
Hanoi (1902-54)
Language:
  official:
 
French
  other languages: Vietnamese, Khmer, Lao
Religion: Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, Catholicism
Type of government: Federation of French colonial possessions
  government: Governor-General
Currency: French Indochinese piastre
French Indochina (French: Indochine française) is the designation for the federation of French colonies and protectorates in the Indochina Peninsula that being a part of French colonial empire between 1887 and 1954.

The federation was formed in October 1887, consisted of three Vietnamese regions, Tonkin (North), Annam (Central), and Cochinchina (South), as well as the Kingdom of Cambodia. Laos was added after the Franco-Siamese War in 1893 and Kouang-Tchéou-Wan in 1900. The capital was moved from Saigon to Hanoi in 1902 and again to Da Lat in 1939 until 1945, when it moved back to Hanoi.

In the three protectorates, the French formally left the local rulers in power, who were the Emperors of the Nguyen Dynasty whose their rules limited only on Annam, Kings of Cambodia, and Kings of Luang Prabang, but in fact gathered all powers in their hands, the local rulers acting only as figureheads.

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