The French Empire (French: L'Empire Francais; German: Französisches Reich; Russian: Французская Империя/Francuzskaja Imperija) is a nation based on the continent of Europe, although it has six "Commonwealths" overseas (Algeria, Canada, Hindustan, Singapore, French West Africa, Golden Quarter). The French Empire was officially formed in 1804 with the coronation of Napoleon I Bonaparte as Emperor of the French, although it assumed its modern, consolidated form through gradual reforms and technological prowess. The Empire has three times been nearly torn apart by civil war - in 1845, in 1867 and between 1938-44, in what is known as the French Civil War. The population of the French Empire proper (i.e. Europe) is about 600,000,000 people, making it the world's second largest country by population (after China), and it is the fifth largest country by land size (after Siberia, Alaska, China, and the United States). The primary language of France is French, although German and Russian are widely spoken as well, alongside numerous other minor languages and dialects - the country is officially trilingual since 1962. The current Emperor of France is Maurice Napoleon I, often referred to simply as Emperor Maurice. The ruling house of France, as it has been since 1804, is the House of Bonaparte.