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The French client republics (French: Républiques clients français) were a number of independent republican regimes created by France after the French Revolutionary War. The French Republic claimed to support the spread of the republican principles in Europe, but most of these client republics, or sister republics, were in fact a means of controlling the occupied lands through a mix of French and local control. This allowed France to retain the territories as protectorates without annexing the lands and angering the European neighbors.
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The 20 Vendemiaire replaced the semi-autocratic Directory in France, and replaced it with a presidential system. The first French president, Emmanuel Sieyès, also replaced the semi-autocratic Directories in the client republics, with the help of representatives in the states themselves. By 1803, citizens of the client republics passed elections for Prime Ministers. According to their constitutions, the nations could make decisions on internal and external affairs, but any bills or acts passed would have to be approved by the President of France.
A list of the Client Republics:
- France (including 1.a Corsica and 1.b Ionian Islands)
- Batavian Republic (1795 - 1845; became Republic of the Netherlands)
- Ligurian Republic (1797 - 1845; absorbed into Sardinia)
- Cisalpine Republic (1797 - 1845)
- Roman Republic (1797 - 1799; Papal State restored)