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Alternate History

French Canada

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1763: France is forced to cede all of Louisiana, Guadeloupe & Martinique and North American possessions south of the Great Lakes to Great Britain and is forced to cede Haiti to Spain.

1763-1775: Many of the causes that led to the American Revolution remain, except for the Quebec Act, obviously. The British Royal Proclamation of 1763, No taxation without representation, Sugar Act, Currency Act, Quartering Act, Stamp Act of 1765, Townshend Act 1767 and Boston Massacre 1770, and the Tea Act 1773 all further inflame the sense of growing rebellion in the Colonies, in spite of the French presence to the north.

1775-1783: The Revolutionary War occurs much the same as it did in OTL. Benedict Arnold is killed in 1779 during the Franco-American invasion of Nova Scotia, Arnold is remembered as an American hero.

1783: The British recognized the independence of the United States, ceding all territory east of the Mississippi, including the city of New Orleans and the Bahamas. Britain will return control of all of Florida to the King of Spain in return for the occupied British West Indies. British Loyalists from the colonies begin to resettle in Louisiana, Georgetown founded at the site of OTL Morgan City grows overnight to be the territories largest city and most important port.

1789-1792: The French Revolution topples the monarchy with King Louis XVI and his wife Marie Antoinette's beheading in 1792. The young Dauphin is whisked out of France by his guardian Gabrielle de Polastron for the safety of London. Upon the death of his parents, he is proclaimed King Louis XVII and is recognized as the rightful ruler of France.

With British aide, Canada remains loyal to the young King and acknowledges him as the righful ruler of France. The United States rejects these claims but is really too weak to do anything about it.

1803-1818: A series of conflicts later known as the Napoleonic Wars engulfs Europe.

1811-1814: Napoleon temporarily is able to distract Russia and the powers under his control from the failures of the Contiental System by focusing their efforts on the Ottoman Empire.

In the War of the Sixth Coalition, France allied with Russia, Napoleonic Italy, Warsaw, Naples, Holland, Confederation of the Rhine, Swiss Confederation , Austria, Prussia and the forces of the Serbian uprising to fight against the Coalition of Britain, Sicily, Spain, Portugal, Sweden and the Ottoman Empire. The war lasted from 1811-1814 resulting in a victory for Napoleon and his allies, and the establishment of new puppet states in the Balkans.

Napoleon named his brother in law, Camillo Borghese as the King of Wallachia, other new states created are the Kingdom of Serbia, Kingdom of Rumelia, Principality of Bulgaria and the Republic of the Hellenes. Napoleon and his forces were unable to capture Constantinople, Thessalonki or Adrianople. In the east, Russia took possession of the Caucasian Mountains and created its own puppet states in the form of the Kingdom of Georgia and Kingdom of Armenia.

1817: Three years later the Continental System had worn Napoleon's allies thin and Russia opened trade with the British. Angered Napoleon declared war on Russia and led a mighty invasion force of half a million men into Russia. It would prove a disaster, Napoleon himself died of pneumonia in 1817, his young son was proclaimed Napoleon II in Paris. Without his leadership the war turned decidedly against France, the Republic of the Hellenes, Prussia, Austria, the Ottoman Empire, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and French Royalists joined Britain and Russia in the War of the Seventh Coalition, resulting in the overthrow of the Bonapartist Regime and the restoration of the Bourbons.

1818: At the Congress of Vienna the future of Europe was decided by the major powers.

Russia was allowed to retain control of Finland and annex most of the Duchy of Warsaw, and Moldova. Joachim Murat was allowed to retain the title King of Naples. The Ottoman Empire was restored except for the Kingdom of Serbia and the Republic of the Hellenes, both newly created states with reduced borders. Britain acquires land east of the Brazos River from Spain in North America, which is then attached to British Louisiana. Other than these changes, the Congress of Vienna is much the same.

Many Bonapartists including Napoleon II flees to the Kingdom of Naples where they are offered sanctuary. Due to his part in the Napoleonic Wars Pope Clement XV (Pope Pius VII dies in 1817) excommunicates the Kingdom of Naples as long as it is ruled by the Murat dynasty.

In London, Princess Charlotte Augusta and her husband Prince Leopold welcomed the birth of a baby son, Prince Henry that autumn.

1819: In an attempt to return his country to a sense of normality, King Louis XVII marries his distant cousin Infanta Maria Isabel of Portugal.

As a result of this union, King Ferdinand VII of Spain marries the recently divorced Caroline Augusta of Bavaria.

Gran Colombia is granted indpendence from Spain

1820: Emperor Francis I of Austria marries Princess Adélaïde of Orléans

1821: Mexico achieves its independence from Spain

1822: The Empire of Brazil is founded

1823-1825: The United States declares war on the Kingdom of Spain after the latter's refusal to sell Florida. With Spain contending with independence movements in Central America, the Caribbean, and South America little effort is put into defending Florida from the United States. Andrew Jackson, Winfield Scott, Sam Houston and Henry Dearborn become American heroes for their part in defeating Spain and giving the United States control of the northern Gulf of Mexico.

1826: Returning Spanish-American War veterans form the backbone of the National Republican Party, a neo-Jeffersonian Party.

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