On September 1, 1939, the Third Reich invaded the Second Polish Republic. The Soviet Union followed, invading on Sept. 17. The Polish government at that time could not win the war and went into exile in France. This caused the creation of the Free Polish State on Christmas of 1939. Between 1940 and early 1944, the government in exile created the Domowe Wojsko Ludu Polskiego (Home Army of the Polish People), the Wolna Polska Marynarka Wojenna (Free Polish Navy), and Armia Powietrzna Polski (Air Army of Poland). When the Warsaw Uprising started in 1944, the state invaded Nazi and Soviet occupied Poland. The Free Polish State took control of Poland and created the capital in Bialystok, which was renamed Miabyeloslavia. The Soviets were angry, since the Poles refused to created a communist coup. This started the Second Polish-Soviet War (1944-1946). The war ended with a Polish victory and ceasefire signed in 1947. The ceasefire agreed that if the Soviets supported the Poles militarily and did not force them to create a communism government, the Poles would support them in the Cold War against the US.
Because of the ceasefire treaty, the USSR provided the Poles with AK-47s and other modern military weapons (excluding nuclear weapons). Poland has also allied itself with Illyria (Albania, Montenegro, Kosovo) and Eastern Germany. Even with these alliances, the Polish people secretly hated Stalin and communism, too.
Government and Constitution
Poland rules itself through a multiparty parliamentary democracy. This means that the legislative branch, or parliament, is in control and that there can be more than two parties that are in control. The parliament consists of two houses, the Sejm, or upper house and the Senat, or lower house. Also, the head of state is the Prime Minister. He is the Commander-in-Chief of the military and comes from the leading party in the parliament. The Minister of War and National Defense is the strategist of the armed forces and advises the Prime Minister on military choices. Finally, the Minister of Justice is the head of the judicial system. He is also the chief judge in the High Court.
The Demokratyczna Konstytucja Panstwa Polskiego (Democratic Constitution of the Nation of Poland) was ratified in 1949. It calls for a democratic nation that is fair to all of it's people and treats all other countries with extreme respect.
|Official Language(s):||Byeloslavian, Polish|
|State Religion(s):||Slavic Orthodox and Roman Catholicism|
|Currency:||polski talar (Polish talar; symbolized by §)|
|Type of Government:||multiparty parlamentary democracy|
|Head(s) of State:||Prime Minister/Supreme Chancellor, Minister of War and National Defense, Minister of Justice|
|Allies:||USSR, Illyria, Eastern Germany|
|Main Occupations:||military, engineering, agriculture, politics|