Franklin Roosevelt (January 30, 1882 - April 12, 1945) was an American politician and president. Franklin served under President Samuel DeWitt during the Great Depression of the 1930s as Secretary of the Interior, helping and designing many programs to restore the nation's economy. During this time Roosevelt became an influential member of the Liberal Party, and was chosen as a candidate in the 1940 presidential election due to his hardline stance against Confederate aggression. In his first few months, the Confederacy launched a massive invasion of the United States, nearly achieving victory. Roosevelt rallied the nation, and eventually the Confederates were turned back. The war took a toll on Roosevelt's already failing health, and decided to not run for re-election, instead supporting his Vice President Joseph P. Kennedy, who would win the 1944 election.