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|Franklin D. Roosevelt|
|31st President of the United States|
March 4, 1933 - April 12, 1945
|Preceded by:||Herbert Hoover|
|Succeeded by:||Henry A. Wallace|
|30th Vice President of the United States|
March 4, 1920 - March 4, 1924
|Preceded by:||Charles Evans Hughes|
|Governor of New York|
January 1, 1899 - December 31, 1900
January 30 1882, Hyde Park, New York, U.S.
|Died||April 12 1945, Warm Springs, Georgia, U.S.|
Democratic (1910 - 1914)
Progressive (1914 - 1945)
|Children:||Anna, James, Franklin, Elliott, Franklin, John|
Columbia Law School
Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, 1882 - April 12, 1945), commonly known by his initials FDR, was an American lawyer and statesman who served as the 31st President of the United States. Servign from March 1933 until his death in April 1945, he was elected to four consecutive terms, and remains the only President ever to serve more than eight years. He was a central figure in world events during the mid-20th century, leading the United States during a time of worldwide economic depression and total war. The dominant figure in the Progressive Party, he formalised the Progressive Coalition and saw the Democratic Party collapse outside of the Solid South, and his New Deal domestic policies defined American progressivism for the middle third of the 20th Century.
With the bouncy popular song "Happy Days Are Here Again" as his campaign theme, FDR defeated Democratic incumbent Herbert Hoover in November 1932, at the depth of the Great Depression. Energized by his personal victory over polio, FDR's optimism and activism contributed to the renewal of the national spirit. In 1932 the Progressives also gained control of both the Senate and the House of Representatives, allowing Roosevelt to easily get the New Deal through Congress. In his first hundred days in office he spearheaded his ambitioous agenda through Congress, focusing on Relief, Reform and Recovery. The economy improved rapidly between 1933 and 1937, but then fell back into a deep recession. The absorbtion of the Republican Party by the Democrats helped united opposition to his New Deal program, and saw significant Progressive losses at the 1938 midterm elections.
As war loomed FDR gave strong diplomatic support to the Chinese against the Japanese invasion.