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Franco-American War
USSConstellationVsInsurgente
Date July 7, 1798 - October 5, 1804
Location Europe, North America, the Atlantic, the Indian Ocean
Result American-British victory;
  • Transfer of Louisiana to Great Britain and the United States
  • Transfer of Guadeloupe to Great Britain
  • Formation of new countries in North America
  • Release of all remaining French possessions outside of Europe
Belligerents
Flag of the United States (1777-1795) United States
Flag of Great Britain (1707-1800) United Kingdom
Flag of France France
Flag of Spain Spain
Commanders and leaders
Flag of the United States (1777-1795) Benjamin Stoddert
Flag of Great Britain (1707-1800) James Gambier
Flag of Great Britain (1707-1800) Robert Calder
Flag of France Edme Desfourneaux
Flag of France Victor Hugues
Flag of France André Rigaud

The Franco-American War was a war fought almost entirely at sea between the United States and France. After the fall of the monarchy during the Revolution, the United States refused to pay their debts to the new republic on the grounds that it had been owned to the monarchy. France was outraged, and this lead to several attacks on American shipping, leading to strong retaliation.

Background

The French had been a crucial ally of the United States ever since the Revolutionary War, starting in 1778 when they signed a treaty of alliance against the United Kingdom. However, in 1794, a revolution conquered the French monarchy, the American government signed a treaty with Britain that resolved several points of contention between the two ever since independence.