The Kingdom of France is a Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy in Western Europe with several oversea territories and islands in located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. Metropolitan France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean.
Over the past three hundred years France was and still is a major power with strong cultural, economic, political and military influence. During the 17th and 18th Centuries, France had major colonial possessions in North America, all but a few small islands in the Caribbean now independent or a part of independent nations.
The current French government is under the jurisdiction of the House of Orleans, whom gained power under the rule of King Louis-Philippe following the July Revolution of 1830. The regime, largely liberal in the early run, has become extremely conservative in its later years following the réconciliation period.