République françaiseTimeline: Principia Moderni IV (Map Game)
OTL equivalent: French Third Republic
|Government||Federal constitutional parliamentary semi-presidential republic|
|-||Treaty of Verdun||August 10, 843|
|-||Age of Capetians||987-1328|
|-||Age of Valois||1328-1832|
|-||1857 estimate||36.5 million (1st [in Western Europe])|
France, officially the French Republic, is a sovereign state in Western Europe. France is a federal multi-party presidential republic ran as an authoritarian Marsanist-Communist democracy, with its seat of power being in the capital and largest city of Paris. The government exercises its authority over nine federal states, three oversea colonies, and one protectorate governate. The official language of France is French. The nation's nine states span a combined total of 406,935 square kilometers (~252,858 sq mi) and a total population of 41.7 million, making it the most populated nation in Western Europe and third large populated nation in Europe.
For more information see main article: History of France
1400 - 1500
At the turn of century, with Charles’s paranoid schizophrenia continuing to become more of a problem, a regency council was established by lords and nobles close to the king, gathering support from some counts, dukes, most of the Estates-General, and Pope Boniface IX. The two regents: Queen Consort Isabeau and Bishop Nicolas du Bosc, immediately started working on reconciling the rivaling Dukes of Burgundy and Orléans, and also encouraging unity among the French people against threats like England.
The regency immediately attempted to act as a mediator in both many national and international situations. In Paris, Regent Queen Consort Isabeau, King Charles VI, Duke Louis of Orléans, and Philip of Burgundy met in Louvre Castle to negotiate terms to end the two Duke's rivalry. At this meeting it was decided that the two dukes would get the special privilege to have advisors to the King. This became the Conseil des Racines in 1403, which contained two advisers from each Duke. The negotiations proved to be somewhat unsuccessful, as a misguided noble of Burgundy still assassinated Duke Louis. This led to two new actions by the regency, the creation of the "Cour de Seine" and the law, "Lex Tuitor". The Cour de Seine is a forum that meets every year in Paris which contains representatives from each vassal (which replaced the Conseil des Racines). While, "Lex Tuitor" established a bodyguard unit for each vassal, and established the Order of the Lily as the King's personal bodyguard. The regents also negotiated another peace and truce between the two parties to prevent escalation to a civil war.
In foreign affairs, the regents were able to persuade the English to back down from their siege of the Scottish capital with an ultimatum to invade the Angleterre, and renew the French Succession Wars. While the French maintained their relations with the Scottish, a new and strong relationship formed between the Castile and France. The regency also minimally participated in the Crusade against Trier, and signed the Treaty of Trier, which most of the forces consisting of Burgundian units. The Kingdom negotiated deals with the smaller nations of Brittany and Navarre to establish them as loose vassals to the French crown in 1406 and 1408.
In 1412, with the truce with England coming to the end, and seeing the weakness of their Kingdom, Nicolas du Bosc issued a declaration of war to the English crown. This followed with a quick and organized heavy decisive victories and seizures of their fortresses. Raids were also done on the English trade network, and the islands of Jersey and Guernsey were briefly captured by French forces. Small skirmishes happened on the coast, but England couldn't achieve a decisive naval landing. Around 1415, seeing how France was occupied, the Kingdom of Aragon declared war on the French vassal kingdom of Navarre. The Aragonese troops quickly pushed through the Navarran countryside, and arrived at the fortress of Pamplona with thirty thousand men. After hearing of the news, the regents dispatched forty thousand men under L'Isle Adam to defend the castle. The troops arrived just in time with Aragonese cannons almost destroying the walls around the garrison. The siege looked indecisive, with food supplies being brought to both sides of the battle. The next year with the death of Aragonese King, and one decisive sally, the Aragonese troops withdrew from French lands. The army under Aragon was battered, but not completely destroyed, and the French chose not to follow it, as they thought there would be another way of attackers coming from England. The new King of Aragon, established a ceasefire and in 1417, and peace was negotiated between the two kingdoms, restoring relations. Seeing that the siege of his ally was unsuccessful, Henry V finally bowed into French demands and signed the Treaty of Cherbourg in 1417. After winning these two conflicts the regency cemented their legitimacy to rule the nation.
During the same decade, Charles VI had his third major outbreak where he exiled his own family from Paris and ran through the streets naked. This led to the use of the "Lex Insanus" law and the removal of Charles VI from the royal palace and to Hôtel Barbette with his mistress.
The country was initially a federal multi-party presidential republic before the beginning of the Great European War. However, the rise in radicalist ideas would allow for the Communist Party to gain leadership and a majority over both the presidential title and the National Congress respectively by 1864. With this, the government of France has rapidly changed, and now operates as a federal authoritarian Marsanist-Communist democracy, with the President and National Congress gaining a large unopposed executive and legislative power through numerous reforms, such as the decrease of seats in the National Congress to 108, which allowed for the Communist Party to effectively hold 101 seats during its current tenure.
Having one of the largest populations in the modern world, France is currently a great power and holds large influence over the international arena. It has diplomatically been a part of numerous alliances, including the recent Pact of Steel with the Rhineland, and maintains diplomatic relationships with numerous countries worldwide. France is also a member of the Trans-Atlantic Trade Compact.
France maintains an unified armed legion, composed of the Armed Forces (Forces Armées) and the Imperial Navy (Marine Impériale), forming the two primary branches for the French military. Colonial states of France are allowed to maintain their own war ministry, however, all of the ministry members are to be pre-selected and voted upon by the Armed Forces based in Paris. The largest of these colonial states that maintains a large Armed Forces legion is the state of Nigeria.
The French Armed Forces has undergone numerous reforms and changes since the Six Years War (or France-Burgundian War) of 1836 and the more recent Great European War of 1852. Including a full overhall of standard uniforms, regularly increasing the size of the Armed Forces, and making a secondary national guard forces known as the Local Regiment (Régiment Local) to better handle state-issued problems, the French military has ascended to great heights in terms of training, strategic military tactics, and advanced weaponry. As it stands, the current active Armed Forces's units is sized at 150,000, while the reserve units are sized at 850,000.
Since the feudal period of the Valois Dynasty of the Kingdom of France, France has maintained consistent oversea territory, expanding across Laurentia in the early seventeenth century and now recently in Africa and Southeast Asia under the new Marsanist-Communist regime.
All colonial territory, simply known as the French Oversea Republics (most of which are officially under the governmental term of French Republic), are primarily located throughout the continent of Africa and Southeast Asia. Each French Oversea Republic is governed by a Colonial President, which holds almost undeniable executive power over the entire state and it's military. In addition to the Colonial President holding most of the executive power, the French Oversea Congress, one of which is situated in each of the colonial Republic's, holds vast amounts of both judicial and legislative powers.
Each French Oversea Republic is generally free to operate and govern independently, establishing currencies, collecting taxes, managing imports and exports, maintenance of infrastructure, and the creation of an Armed Forces. Although the French Oversea Republics are allowed large freedoms, they remain under the primary jurisdiction of the French National Oversea Committee (a subgroup under the National Congress), of which they must follow the mainland order from France undeniably and in most cases, follow any and all direct orders if given by the National Congress.
The current French Oversea Republics as of 1869:
|TBD||Papua New Guinea||TBD||3,400,000||TBD|