The French Republic, or France is a nation state in Western Europe, a unitary semi-presidential republic, currently a member of NATO and the European Communities.
The far right National Front party won the elections in 1992, and then consequently in the next two decades. Its success was mostly attributed to the financial crisis and immigration problems of France. The National Front indulged a strict immigration policy, restriction of French citizenship, a zero tolerance policy against crime, and heavy protectionism in trade. Jean-Marie Le Pen served as President between 1992 and 2007, and was succeeded by Gollnisch on the 2007 elections. His prime minister was Le Pen's daughter, Marine Le Pen. In foreign policies, French was somewhat in difference with most Western European countries because of the nationalist right-wing government, while center-leftist governments are used to be common in Western Europe democracies in the last decade.
In 2012, the Socialist Union Party (which formed in 2001, uniting the left-wing parties of France) won the Presidential elections, ending 20 years of far-right reign. Buffet assumed office in May, 2012, and named Jean-Luc Mélenchon as his Prime Minister.