French Empire
Empire Français
Timeline: Crown of the Emperor
Flag of France 508px-Coat of Arms Second French Empire (1852–1870).svg
Flag Coat of Arms
Map of the French Empire
Location of French Empire
Anthem "Veillons au salut de l'Empire"
Capital Paris
Largest city Paris
Other cities Caen, Nice, Lyon, Brussels, Amsterdam, Riems
  others Dutch, German, Italian
Religion Roman Catholicism, Lutheranism, Calvinism, Judaism, Laïcité
Ethnic Groups
Ethnic Groups
  others 74% French
14.9% Dutch
11.8% Italian
7.4% German
1.9% Other
Legislature Unitary constitutional monarchy
Emperor Charles X Napoleon
Prime Minister Emmanuel Macron
Area 860,000 km²
Population 51,000,000 
Established 18 May, 1804
Currency French Franc
Time Zone CET
  summer CEST
Calling Code +33
France (French: [fʁɑ̃s]), officially the French Empire (French: Empire Français) is a sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The European part of France, called Metropolitan France, extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean.

On 18 May 1804, Napoleon was granted the title Emperor of the French (L'Empereur des Français,pronounced: [lɑ̃.pʁœʁ dɛ fʁɑ̃.sɛ]) by the French Sénat and was crowned on 2 December 1804, ending the period of the French Consulate and of the French Republic. The French Empire won early military victories in the War of the Third Coalition against Austria, Prussia, Russia, Portugal, and allied nations, notably at the Battle of Austerlitz in 1805 and, during the War of the Fourth Coalition, at the Battle of Friedland in 1807.

A series of wars, known collectively as the Napoleonic Wars, extended French influence over much of Western Europe and into Poland. At its height in 1812, the French Empire had 130 departments, ruled over 70 million subjects, maintained an extensive military presence in Germany, Italy, Spain, and the Duchy of Warsaw, and could count Prussia and Austria as nominal allies. Early French victories exported many ideological features of the French Revolution throughout Europe: the introduction of the Napoleonic Code throughout the continent increased legal equality, established jury systems and legalised divorce, and seigneurial dues and seigneurial justice were abolished, as were aristocratic privileges in all places with the exception of Poland.

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