François Claude Bernard Louis de Chauvelin, marquis de Chauvelin, (1716 - 1768) was a French soldier, diplomat and writer. A correspondent of Voltaire, one of his three children with his wife Agnés Thérèse Mazade d'Argeville (whom he married in 1759) was Bernard-François, marquis de Chauvelin .
He served in Italy and Flanders and became ambassador to Genoa and Turin. From 1749 to 1753 he was Lieutenant général du roi de France in Genoa. He was commander in chief of French troops on Corsica from May 1768. On October 8th he was shot and killed by a random musket ball at the Battle of Borgo, thus ending French ambitions in Corsica.