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Foedus Terrae (Superpowers)

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Alliance of Earth
Foedus Terrae
同盟の地球
Headquarters Praetorium Mundum
Official Languages Latin, Greek, Nahuatl, Nipponese
Leader

Consulissimus Kol Manahuana
(Supreme Chancellor)

The Alliance of Earth (Latin: Foedus Terrae) is an intergovernmental organization and military alliance based on the Treaty of Carthage signed on December 24, 1933. It is headquartered in the Praetorium Mundum on the surface of the Atlantic Ocean. Among the three primary members, an agreement of collective defence is in effect.

Three states are full members of the Alliance, alongside a single observer state. The sovereignty of six other countries is recognized although they have no power. From its bases around the world, the Alliance monitors the development of state militaries, intervenes in national affairs, and generally serves the political interests of its members.

The legal authority wielded by the Alliance is justified on the grounds of preserving world peace. After victory in the Second World War, the three allied superpowers established that only their combined strength could guarantee a lasting global stability. This abuse of power was further reinforced by offering representation to every sovereign country in a body with little actual control. Neither a legislative nor deliberative assembly, this Orbis Terrarum merely votes on whether to send issues to the Concilium Terrae, the source of the Alliance's real power.

While malcontents the world over warn that the Alliance is a threat to global freedom, the reality is that it is no more than a puppet organization, with no motives or interests of its own. Its sole purpose is the coordination of independent Roman, Maya and Japanese power under a guise of peaceable cooperation.

History

Established in 1933 by the Treaty of Carthage, the Alliance formally convened for the first time that 25th of December. Present a this historic assembly were the most powerful men at the time, including Caesar Sulla II of Rome, Kab Ajaw Mayapan XI of the Conglomerate, Heavenly Sovereign Ahka Wa of Japan, Protector Erik the Glorious of the Nord, Caliph Haroun Ali of Arabia, Dalai Khan of China, Sapa Inca Pachacuti II of Tawatinsuyu, King Ndwandu of Zulu, Chief Matanewi of Columbia, King Srindarman III of Angkor and Jared Vaguobatte, descendent of renowned civil servant Martin Vaguobatte. Over 400 other plenipotentiaries and aristoscrats were also there.

On this day, the practice of convening a Concilium Terrae (Assembly of Earth) was established and the decision to form an international court of justice and parliament was made. Any laws determined by the Assembly could be used for litigation by any country in the international courts, the Tribunalis Mundum (International Supreme Court). Under the terms of another agreement, the Treaty of Kor'na Yasse, every assembled nation supported these decisions whether their dignitaries wanted to or not.

Headquarters

FT facility

An Alliance headquarters near Chichen Itza

Administration of the entire Alliance is done from the Praetorium Mundum. Originally the Kor'na Yasse, a base in between Africa and South America for the Coalition in WWII, the Praetorium was once a pathetic facility. Improvements were made over the years to its infrastructure to the point that almost nothing of the original remains.

Presently, the PM is powered by a 110 GW toroidal fusion reactor fueled by deuterium separated from sea water. The facility can run indefinitely without resupply, provided vital systems do not exceed their service lives. Independence was an essential feature of the new Praetorium's design.

In case of attack, the PM is equipped with hundreds of hypersonic anti-aircraft missiles and thousands of torpedoes. The crowning jewel of its fitted weaponry is a 260mm laser cannon, which can rotate on a track around the entire facility for maximum coverage. Designed for quick 8 GW bursts of power, the gun can perform an anti-armor role against even the heaviest battleships. For extra precaution, electromagnets positioned throughout the superstructure work in conjunction with point-defense artillery to protect from long-range ballistics.

Organization

The Alliance subsumes all its authority under one body, the Concilium Terrae. Actions are carried out by four principle organs; the Comitium Litiges, the Tribunalis Mundum, the Banca Munda and the Legio Terrae.

Concilium Terrae

The Concilium Terrae (Assembly of Earth) contains the subsidiary organs of the Alliance and is the primary administrative body for this enormous international government. Its executive parts are: the Comitia Magna (Grand Council), the Delecta Decuria (Advisory Committee) and the Curia Munda (World Parliament).

Highest authority in the Foedus Terrae, the Grand Council is the brain of all operations, ultimately having the final say in all major actions. Its membership is prestigious, to say the least, with only three officials: the Caesar, the Kab Ajaw and the Heavenly Sovereign - monarchs of Earth's three greatest empires.

Their legal role is no more than executing decisions made by the Curia but unanimous agreement between these magnanimous leaders guarantees the direction that parliamentary deliberations sway. Furthermore, each monarch has a Veto against decisions he finds personally displeasing; agreement is not always unanimous. No more than once a year, a sovereign can oppose the Veto of one of his colleagues, bringing the matter into the Comitium Litiges to be settled by impartial debate.

The Committee's responsibilities are assisting the Council and Parliament in deliberation and ensuring that the Alliance is adequately informed on present issues. For this purpose, it is staffed with experts of particular fields, often selected for their prestige within member nations.

A Consulissimus, selected by the Grand Council, has special authority in the Alliance. He effectively represents the World Parliament, runs the logistical operations of the Praetorium Mundum and mediates with the members of the Comitia Magna in their physical absence.

The Curia is comprised of thirty adept citizens of the member states - ten per country. Among them are some of the finest scientists, philosophers and lawyers. Their duty is to legislate for the Alliance of Earth, establishing laws with jurisdiction over the entire planet.

Staff of the Decuria:

  • Consulissimus
  • Generalissimus Mundus (Global Supreme Commander)
  • Admiralis Oceanis (Oceanic Fleet Commander)
  • Praeministrum Oeconomicae Globales
  • Praeministrum Sali Globales
  • Praeministrum de Humanitatis Internationalis
  • Praeministrum de Cohibentia
  • Magister Rebus Aetheriae
  • Magister Rebus Africani
  • Magister Rebus Pacis

Orbis Terrarum

The Orbis Terrarum (Circle of Lands), also known as the Curia, is the largest Parliamentary body in the world, consisting of representatives from every nation in the world, regardless of current alliances and the like. Closely resembling the General Assembly of the OTL United Nations, the Orbis is however not quite a deliberative assembly. World issues are brought up to the Alliance's attention and are discussed, though not debated, by the nation concerned with the issue.

Any state may propose an order of business. If an order passes then any representative can strongly oppose the motion to take it up as a debate in the Constitutio. Doing this without strong warrant is highly deplorable.

Each Consul is elected by popular vote in the Orbis every two years. One must always originate from an Alliance nation, whilst the other can be from any recognized nation in the world. Though each nation has several senators, they must elect a single Diplomaticusto act as their primary representative in the Orbis Terrarum. The number of representatives is directly related to population, position in the Alliance and, to an extent, military might. Originally the Danes and their allies, especially the Zulus, had a much larger representation in the Orbis. When the Confederacy of United Platonists was formed and gradually became more antagonistic, they slowly lost seats in the Curia. Though following the last World War, and the pacification of the losers by the Alliance, their membership has somewhat increased. The Alliance claims that in the future it will change representation to be based purely on population, which would give the Mongols the most senators. This is unlikely.

  • Roman - 70
  • Mayan - 60
  • Japanese - 55
  • Mongol - 40
  • Inca - 33
  • Ottoman - 27
  • Zulu - 25
  • Dane - 20
  • Majapahijian - 20
  • Columbian - 12

Comitium Litiges

Constitutio Disceptionis

Hall of Debate in the Praetorium Mundum

The Comitium Litiges (Congress of Debate) is the primary body for the resolving of issues pertaining to Alliance matters. Any time that there are two opposing sides to a particular decision, the problem will be brought over to the Consitutio and resolved in formal debate.

What this entails is that two members of each party will come together at the Hall's center at which the debate will take place. A Speaker will mediate between the two and ensure that common courtesy and rules are followed correctly. Also in the middle are usually bodyguards, or bouncers really, as physical violence between debaters is a not so infrequent occurrence, particularly when the one of the teams is made up of non-Alliance Bureaucrats.

There are countless possible cases in which the argument is moved to the Constitutio, and so a list of them all would be impossible. In general though, the Constitutio is used about one in every other day, often for different reasons during the same day. A single debate itself usually lasts for two to seven hours, though larger issues like Abolitionism and Action on Climate Change have taken upwards of a week to two weeks to finally resolve.

In the event that a discussion takes more than seven days to resolve, the Speaker of the Hall has the permission to dissolve the conflict and set-up a temporary resolution.

During the debate, only one particularly topic of the debate subject is allowed to be discussed at any one time, except at the Cuncta. This is a one hour period where all the defined terms and agreed upon minor resolutions are used to attempt and resolve the conflict as a whole. Should this fail to end it, the Hall is adjourned and the Speaker organizes a new order of debate. Between discussed topics, the parties meet together to discuss the plan for the next one and to decide who their two representatives will be as well.

It is in exactly this way that issues have been resolved on an Alliance and even World scale since the Constitutio's foundation in 1935, very little having changed since that time.

Tribunalis Mundum

Highest Court Superpowers

Cortis Apecis from above

The Tribunalis Mundum (International Supreme Court) is the highest legal body on the planet. Backed by the military might of all three Alliance members, the Judicium has jurisdiction over legal matters across the entire planet Earth. It is here that virtually any international matters of dispute are settled, such as the War Trials of the Confederacy (1990's), the Cloning Issue (1950's) and the Nuclear Weapons Crisis (1954). Theoretically, the body is completely neutral on all matters brought before it, but in practice, it shows bias towards Alliance members. Nevertheless, it is still a very fair judicial system and is often visited by even national cases of great importance or where the defendant has paid for the right to hold the trial here.

Trials are held in the Cortis Apecis (High Court) located in the World Headquarters. Proceedings generally follow the established international system of law (similar to OTL trials) with the judge being the Magna Judex. This person is selected every five years by unanimous decision of the Grand Council, and is one of the people whose position is the most highly thought out choice in the world. The Dux Judex is given the huge salary of 100,000 Dn per year, basically ensuring that bribery will be ineffective against him. Nevertheless, the person chosen for the job is usually a man who has a record of lacking corruption of any kind.

Assembly of Economic Affairs

The Concilium Rebus Oeconomicae (Assembly of Economic Affairs) is the Alliance's authoritative council on matters of the global economy. The functional arm of its operations is the Banca Munda (World Bank) which is authorized to provide international loans, implement tariffs in any country and negotiate trade agreements. Its goals are maintaining stable rates of exchange, stifling inflation in its member countries and prevent a global recession of national economies. One of the means it is pursuing to these ends is establishing common interest rates among banks around the world.

Led by a Praeministrum Oeconomicae Globales (Minister of Global Economics), the CRO and World Bank perform admirably at accomplishing their goals. The centralized natures of the three member economies (Maya, Rome, Japan) significantly improves the effectiveness of their policies. In fact, the past century has only seen two economic downturns, one major one and one minor one that is ongoing. Considering the last major recession occurred before the Alliance was founded, this is most commendable.

Assembly of Health Affairs

The Concilium Rebus Sali (Assembly of Health Affairs) is the largest international health agency in the world, with four member nations. Managed mostly by its Inca administration, the CRS works to keep humanity safe from disease and chronic health problems. It does not consider any area of the world outside of its jurisdiction, often trying to interfere in affairs within countries that were enemies of the Alliance. It has been able to do this through its primary organization of control, the International Federation of Doctors.

Agencies of this Federation are found in every single country, though at some points they have been persecuted, such as during World War III. They usually work in concert with national health agencies in the hopes of minimizing human suffering and death. It is therefore the largest humanitarian organization in the world, and one of the few international humanitarian organizations. Furthermore, it is one of the few humanitarian organizations that does not discriminate based on race or religion.

Since its inception in the late-1930's, the IFD has saved well over eight million lives through its humanitarian aid, with an incalculable number more through its efforts to prevent the spread of disease. For these reasons, the federation is the most highly respected organization in the world, and is one of the few sources of international respect for the Alliance.

Controlling Assembly of Atomic Weapons

Space Council

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