Republic of Florence
Repubblica Fiorentina (Tuscan)
Publicae Florentiae (Latin)
Timeline: Ninety-Five Theses (Map Game)
OTL equivalent: Republic of Florence
← March of Tuscany
1115 - Present
Flag of Florence.svg FlorenceCoA.svg
Coat of arms
Map of Florence 1523.png
Location of the Republic of Florence
(and largest city)
Other cities Arezzo, Livorno, Pisa
Official languages Tuscan and Latin
Ethnic groups  Tuscan
Religion Catholic
Demonym Florentine
Government Oligarchic Republic
 -  Gonfaloniere of Justice Lorenzo II
 -  First established 1115 
 -  Marquisate restored by Imperial force 1185–97 
 -  Ciompi Revolt 1378 
 -  Founding of the House of Medici 1434 
Currency Florin

The Republic of Florence, or the Florentine Republic, was a state that was centered on the city of Florence, located in modern Tuscany, Italy. The republic originated in 1115, when the Florentine people rebelled against the Margraviate of Tuscany upon the death of the powerful feudal ruler Margravine Matilda, a woman who controlled vast territories including Florence. The Florentines formed a commune in Matilda's place. The republic was ruled by a council, known as the signoria. The signoria was chosen by the gonfaloniere (titular ruler of the city), who was elected every two months by Florentine guild members.

The republic had a checkered history of coups and counter coups against various factions. The Medici faction gained governance of the city in 1434, upon Cosimo de' Medici's counter coup against the faction that had sent him into exile the previous year. The Medici kept control of Florence until 1494. Giovanni de' Medici (later Pope Leo X) re-conquered the republic in 1512.


Pre-Lorenzen Rule (1115 - 1516)

Main article: History of Florence

Rule of Lorenzo II (1516 - Present)

After the death of his uncle, Giuliano de' Medici, Lorenzo succeeded him as Lord or "Gonfaloniere of Justice" of the republic.