|Republic of Florence|
Repubblica Fiorentina (Tuscan)Timeline: Ninety-Five Theses (Map Game)
Publicae Florentiae (Latin)
OTL equivalent: Republic of Florence
1115 - Present
Location of the Republic of Florence
(and largest city)
|Other cities||Arezzo, Livorno, Pisa|
|Official languages||Tuscan and Latin|
|-||Gonfaloniere of Justice||Lorenzo II|
|-||Marquisate restored by Imperial force||1185–97|
|-||Founding of the House of Medici||1434|
The Republic of Florence, or the Florentine Republic, was a state that was centered on the city of Florence, located in modern Tuscany, Italy. The republic originated in 1115, when the Florentine people rebelled against the Margraviate of Tuscany upon the death of the powerful feudal ruler Margravine Matilda, a woman who controlled vast territories including Florence. The Florentines formed a commune in Matilda's place. The republic was ruled by a council, known as the signoria. The signoria was chosen by the gonfaloniere (titular ruler of the city), who was elected every two months by Florentine guild members.
The republic had a checkered history of coups and counter coups against various factions. The Medici faction gained governance of the city in 1434, upon Cosimo de' Medici's counter coup against the faction that had sent him into exile the previous year. The Medici kept control of Florence until 1494. Giovanni de' Medici (later Pope Leo X) re-conquered the republic in 1512.
Pre-Lorenzen Rule (1115 - 1516)
- Main article: History of Florence
Rule of Lorenzo II (1516 - Present)
After the death of his uncle, Giuliano de' Medici, Lorenzo succeeded him as Lord or "Gonfaloniere of Justice" of the republic.