Origins of the Republic
Fort Oswego Attack:
During the Battle of Fort Oswego (August 10–14,1756), the French under General Montcalm captured the fort and effectively interrupted the British presence on Lake Ontario. By March of 1757, the French had established a settlement behind the fort walls, and had come to friendly terms with the villagers. Indian scouts working for the British had reported increased troop numbers, and the British thought the French would attack them again. The British laid out a plan to call for the bombardment of the fort. The fort and village were pounded on 23 October 1757. People in the area began to feel that the British disliked the colonists, and were suspicious of British soldiers.
Meeting of New York:
In January 7, 1758, 17 delegates from the British colonies of New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania met at a Manhattan hall to discuss sending a letter to the British King, George II, for autonomy in the area. This was done in response to the Fort Oswego Attack. When British soldiers learned of the attack, they were sent to fire on the delegates. 11 men were shot, two died and a bystander was also killed. The people in the city became rowdy and this led to a mob of about 80 people protesting. The soldiers fired on these people and as many as 38 were killed. News of the massacre reached other parts of New York colony and New Jersey. Many citizens began to show hatred towards the soldiers and the army had trouble controlling the area. by January 25, many towns were in protest, and a major desertion occurred in which 1800 British soldiers left the army tro join the protestors.
On February 3rd, the French gave their support to the independence movement. The British feared a loss of their remaining North American colonies if they suppressed the independence movement. By the 14th of February, the stage was set for Independence. Independence was proclaimed on February 15, 1758.
North American Republic
John Bradstreet, a former Major General in the British army, became the first president of the North American Republic. He was President from 15 February 1758 to December 3rd, 1759. Bradstreet wanted no connections with Britain whatsoever and alienated many moderates in the republic. He was deposed on December 3rd, and the country fell into a period of chaos. Horatio Lloyd Gates (1727-1806) became the next president, serving until March 17, 1760. Gates had been aligned with former President Bradstreet and was killed in a coup by General Israel Putnam. He Served from March 17, 1760 to April 23, 1763. He legislated the creation of the State Bank of North America, which issued the first copper cent and two-cent pieces, as well as the three-shilling note (12 cents = 1 shilling). He was an old man when he came to power, and he was deposed by General George Washington, army commander, on April 23, 1763. Washington was a strong leader, and reduced the army's size to 4000 men. e planned a large capital at New York City, and plans were underway by 1767. When the British army found out about the low numbers of the republican army, they planned an invasion in the coming months.
End of the republic
On July 11, 1768, a British force of 11,000 men landed near present-day Perth Amboy, NJ and marched north towards New York City. The whole republican army of 4500 men under the command of Bradstreet and Nathanael Greene marched to stopped them. At the Battle of New York, the republic was outnumbered and defeated within two hours. The British triumphantly marched into New York City and proclaimed the end of the republic. By then, Bradstreet had defected and joined the British army.