Recognized: January 4, 1918
from the Russian Empire
Finland, officially the Republic of Finland, is a Northern European nation. Finland has a unique history with its western neighbor, Sweden, and its eastern neighbor, Russia, after having been under their rule for many centuries prior to independence in 1917.
Finland borders Sweden (from which the Gulf of Bothnia separates the two Scandinavian nations), Norway to the north, Russia to the east, and is separated by the Gulf of Finland from Estonia. Finland is quite sparsely populated, with most of its population located along the coastline.