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|Portrait of Ferdinand VII|
|King of Spain and the Indies|
|Reign||19 March - 6 May 1808|
|King of Mexico|
|Reign||14 October 1825 - 4 June 1828|
|House||House of Bourbon|
|Father||Charles IV of Spain|
|Mother||Marisa Luisa of Parma|
|Born|| 14 October 1784 |
El Escorial, Madrid, Spain
|Died|| 1 January 1830 |
Mexico City, Mexico
King of Spain
Ferdinand's father, Charles IV, had been killed in the beginning of the French invasion of Spain, so Ferdinand assumed the throne. However, Napoleon's armies continued their march in the country, forcing the new king to flee to the port city of Barcelona. On May 6, 1808, the French Navy began to bombard the city, and French troops landed. Ferdinand then fled the city in a navy ship, and commanded the vessel to head to Mexico. Ferdinand was replaced as King of Spain by Napoleon's elder brother, Joseph, who was crowned Joseph I of Spain. Portugal and Spain eventually merged to become the Iberean Union, with Joseph still as King.
King of Mexico
Commanding the Colony
On December 14, 1808, after numerous stopping points the king's ship made it to Mexico, which was then known as New Spain. He landed in the city of Veracruz, and was taken to the city of Mexico City. Ferdinand made it the capital of New Spain.