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Felix Dzerdzhinsky
Феликс Дзержинский

Feliks Dzierżyński

Director of the Cheka
In office:
December 20, 1917 -
Premier Vladimir Lenin
Predecessor None; office created
Successor None; office abolished
Personal Information
Born September 11, 1877
Ivyanets, Russian Empire
Nationality Soviet
Ethnicity Polish
Political party Communist
Spouse(s) Sofia Sigizmudovna Muszkat
Children Jan Feliksovich Dzerzhinsky
Religion Atheism (Ex.: Roman Catholic)

Felix Edmundovich Dzerdzhinsky (Pol.: Feliks Dzierżyński; Russ.: Феликс Эдмундович Дзержинский) was head of the Bolshevik secret police, the Cheka.


Born to a Polish family living in Belarus, he intended to be a Catholic priest, but became involved with socialist movements. He was frequently imprisoned, and in 1917 he joined the Bolshevik party.

On December 20, 1917 Lenin appointed him the head of the newly established All-Russian Extraordinary Commission for Combating Counter-Revolution and Sabotage, or Cheka. The Cheka's main goal was to fight counter-revolution in the newly-formed RSFSR.

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