Previously in the Hanseatic Republic
In the late 18th century, the Hanseatic Republic was overpopulated to its limits. The rapid economical growth had attracted thousands of mostly German or Dutch people, who settled down in Bremen, Lübeck, Hamburg or Kiel. The High Council of the Republic in Lübeck decided, that there was a desperate need for a large settlement colony.
The landing of the HRS Hamburg
Many scoutships where sent to all known continents. Finally one of them, the HRS Hamburg, commanded by Captain Heinrich Bosel, arrived at the Cape York Peninsula on September 6, 1795. The ship landed at Hamburg Bay and the crew set up Marienhafen, a trading outpost and Dahlsenburg a military fortress, named after the then-in-office chancellor of the republic.
Growth and conflicts
Over the years, Marienhafen grew from an outpost into a town of nearly 1.000 inhabitants in 1801. Farmers from Europe advanced further into the outback of the Cape York Peninsula and large agricultural areas were created. In the 19th century, Cape Yorck was widely known as "Granary of the Republic", which is also the nickname of the modern province Kap Jorck. More settlements were established on the coastlines of Cape Yorck and the Gulf of Carpentaria.