Federalist Party
Leader Later
Founded 1792
Dissolved Maybe
Headquarters New York City
Ideology Federalism,
Traditionalist Conservatism,
American nationalism,
Social conservatism
Political position Centre
Official colours Black, Pink
 The Federalist Party was the first American political party, from the early 1790s to 1896. Between 1789–1797 it was built mainly by a consortium of urban businessman in order to support Alexander Hamilton's fiscal policies. These supporters grew into the Federalist Party, committed to an economically interventionist and nationalistic government. 

The Federalist policies called for a national bank, tariffs, and good relations with Britain as expressed in the Jay Treaty negotiated in 1794. Hamilton developed the concept of implied powers, and successfully argued the adoption of that interpretation of the United States Constitution. Led by Thomas Jefferson, the Democratic-Republicans, their political opponents, denounced most of the Federalist policies, especially the bank and implied powers, and vehemently attacked the Jay Treaty as a sell-out of republican values to the British monarchy. The Jay Treaty passed, and indeed the Federalists won most of the major legislative battles in the 1790s. They held a strong base in the nation's cities and in New England. Due to the Franco-American War and Hamilton's popularity following his military involvement, the Federalists won the election of 1801 began a powerful tenure that would last four presidential terms.