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The government of the Confederate States of America, established by the C.S. Constitution, is a federal republic of individual states. The laws of the Confederate States are laid out in Acts of Congress (especially the Confederate States Code and Uniform Code of Military Justice), administrative regulations, and judicial cases interpreting the statutes and regulations. The federal government has three branches: the executive, legislative, and judicial. Through a system of separation of powers or "checks and balances" (historical phrase), each of these branches has some authority to act on its own, some authority to regulate the other two branches, and has some of its own authority, in turn, regulated by the other branches.