February Revolution
Patrol of the October revolution
Armed workers and soldiers escorting captured policemen. Petrograd, 1917
Date 12 March 1917 — 27 February
Location Petrograd, Russian Empire
Result Abdication of Nicholas II, creation of the Russian Republic; establishment of dual power between the Provisional Government and the Petrograd Soviet
Flag of Russia Government forces
Special Corps of Gendarmes
Ministry of Internal Affairs
City garrison
Socialist red flagFlag of Russia Civilians (female workers)
Red Guards (Vasilyevsky Island)
City garrison (later days)
Commanders and leaders
Sergei Khabalov (Petrograd Military District) Socialist red flag Aleksandr Shlyapnikov
4,000 policemen
1,500 soldiers
10,000 protestors
Casualties and losses
578 killed, 1,262 captured 1,443 killed

The February Revolution (Russian: Февра́льская револю́ция) of 1917 was the revolution in Russia in 1917. It was centered on Petrograd, then the capital (now St. Petersburg), on Women's Day in March (late February in the Julian calendar). The revolution, confined to the capital and its vicinity and lasting less than a week, involved mass demonstrations and armed clashes with police and gendarmes, the last loyal forces of the Russian monarchy. In the last days mutinous Russian Army forces sided with the revolutionaries. The immediate result of the revolution was the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II, the end of the Romanov dynasty, and the end of the Russian Empire. The Tsar was replaced by a Provisional Government under Prince Georgy Lvov. The Provisional Government was an alliance between liberals and socialists who wanted political reform. They set up a democratically-elected executive and constituent assembly. At the same time, socialists also formed the Petrograd Soviet, which ruled alongside the Provisional Government, an arrangement termed Dual Power.

This revolution appeared to break out spontaneously, without any real leadership or formal planning. Russia had been suffering from a number of economic and social problems, which were compounded by the impact of World War I. Bread rioters and industrial strikers were joined on the streets by disaffected soldiers from the city's garrison. As more and more troops deserted, and with loyal troops away at the Front, the city fell into a state of chaos, leading to the overthrow of the Tsar.

The February Revolution led to the formation of the Russian Republic, and the rise of Alexander Kerensky to power.

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