Alternate History

Fall of Constantinople 675AD

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This timeline is based on the supposition that the Umayyads didn't focus on the northern African regions. If not in the rich Byzantine Empire core, Greece and Anatolia, taking this as the base. The Umayyads, though a great force to an empire that has faced defeat 40 years before, and despite The Roman empire remnants fight hard it ends up with an utter defeat taking Anatolia and most of Greece, only remaining independent Crete, Cyprus and Byzantine Italy and North Africa (as the war would have been in the Core of the Empire).



Beyond what any nation could do again the Byzantines at this moment were the protectors of Roman Catholicism. With them out of the picture, the Roman Italy or the Exarchate of Ravenna would have taken that title and as first measure launched a campaign to regain as much of the Adriatic Coast from the Muslims, and then focus on the Italian Peninsula. With this, it's likely that  the HRE didn't arise.



  • - Colgu mac Failbe, king of Munster declares war on Connacht, seeking Irish unification;
  • The Emperor Justinian II or the Rhinotmetus flees the Empire to Crimea under Byzantine control, with it it takes what remains of the Anatolian army, and fortifies the New Kingdom of Crimea.
  • In Italy the Fleeing Balkan armies of the Eastern Empire and the troops from Carthage Met with the Hope of Holding the Italy under Christian control, the troops of the Duchy of Benevento Join their Fight in fear of the Islamic Onslaught on Europe, Reaching them.
  • The Christian troops Meet on Venetia (Venice) where they depart to reach southern Dalmatia under Islamic control, the troops manage to Gain some lands but the armies of Muawiya I ibn Abu Sufyan manage to Capture some of the Soldiers who reveal the Roman Plan of Attacking Sirmium referred by the Muslims as Al-sirmiya, they army is Ambushed yet what the Muslims find is just a few troops marching.


  • -The Roman Army In Pannonia continues forcing the Muslims army to pursue them in the Balkans.
  • The Emperor Justinian II crowns himself as King of Taurica and Cherson in Sebastopolis (Sevastopol) and what Remains of the Byzantine fleet on the Black Sea begins defending it from the Muslim Caliphate's fleet
  • Pope Deodatus II dies, the Pope title is given to the Pope Donus (as in OTL), Who Crown Lucius Mauritius Flavius Emperor of Rome (Ruler of Italy and North Africa).
  • The Roman Army Inflicts the Last Defeat in Greece to the Muslims, in the Battle of Hadrianopolis after the city is Sacked and many Christian Gold artifacts and Relics are taken with the Army back to Rome.
  • In Britain the East Saxon begin to fully organize the kingdom to some small extent in Roman Infrastructure.


  • The Pope Donus dies earlier after getting pneumonia while traveling north to meet with some Frankish monks, He was succeeded by Leo II, a priest from Carthage (ITTL).
  • The Romans are defeated in the Battle of Dirrachium which is the last battle the Roman army faces in Greece.
  • Finally after three years of war, the Muslims and Romans reach a consensus, in which the Romans keep Dalmatia and parts of Pannonia while the Muslims keep most of the Roman Balkans and Anatolia.
  • Aquitaine and Burgundy enter into Dynastic Union as the King of Burgundy seeks to stabilize his kingdom forming the Kingdom of Occitania centered in Toulouse.
  • The Caliphate continues converting Persians Zoroastrians to Islam, facing greater resistance in this timeline.


  • Leo II The Pope agrees to the decree of Constant II giving the Ravennian Bishops Some degree of independence from the Papacy in Rome.
  • The Kingdom of Occitania East in disarray and west ordered begins to order the Kingdom western Regions.
  • A Revolt Breaks in Northern Persia, by Zoroastrian Persians Tired of the Muslim occupation and the Islamic advance in their territory, the Caliph Ibn sufyan orders to Quell it, Initiating the Persian Uprising, who will be followed by the Copts Uprising in Egypt that same year.


  • The Mauretanian tribes from the South of OTL Morocco begin Occupying Roman territories loyal to the Romans
  • The Emperor Mauritius Leads the Carthaginian Army towards Mauretania with the Remnants of the Mediterranean Fleet of the East Roman Empire, Landing in Septem (Ceuta) and Attacking unexpectedly the Moors.
  • The Coptic Revolts in Egypt Now Have seized most of Egypt but In Persia the news are not so good as the most of territories that remain under Zoroastrian territories are deserts and isolated regions.
  • The Visigoths, Wamba is killed by one of His Generals, bringing the Civil upon Spain and the Foundation of the Kingdom of Malaga (Regnum Malacanum).

680 - 700


    year 680 ad

  • The Visigoth Kingdom falls into disarray dividing further as dukes claim the title of King of the Visigoths, the most notable Kingdoms being Malacca, Legio, Narbona, Emerita and Barcino.
  • The Franks Manage to Reunify Northern France but By 704 when they try to Recover Occitania the Aquitanian and Burgundian forces are now stable and capable to fight them out of their territories.
  • The Roman army managed to Recover Great Patches of territory from the Mauretanians and led Several wars to retake North Africa's West Coast imposing its rule over Africa, but in the North the Lombards still pose a threat to the Romans as their constant presence and sacks from the Northern Cities like Venice, the Emperor Mauritius Dies from Pneumonia in a Campaign at the Slavs in Pannonia his Son Arcadius succeeds him as Emperor and Protector of the Pope.
  • The Muslim Rebellions in Persia Are Put Down in most of its Territories but a great Desert Path Known as Parthava in Which the Persians Zoroastrian still dominate. While in Egypt, the last stronghold of the Copts is Alexandria Known as the Kingdom Alexandria with the Patriarch being its Ruler, Yazid Ibn Muawiyah Rules Longer than In OTL putting down the Zoroastrian Revolt and dying in 695 followed by The Caliph Ummar Ibn Muawiyah (ATL son of the Caliph).

700 - 720

  • 700AD
  • The Visigoth King is Finally Deposed in Toletum Marking the End of the Regnum Visigothorum, by 705 the Last Remnants loyal to them are Occupied by several lords.
  • Colgu mac Failbe, King of Munster, has united the rest of Ireland under one flag during his campaign, and now goes to solidify his rule.
  • In Smirna a Greek Christian revolt occurs as the taxes from the Caliphate  Government, the Revolt Manages to Seize parts of Western Anatolia and Southern Greece.
  • In Gaul, France unifies as the Kingdom of Aquitaine and The Kingdom of Austrasia join into royal union by the end of the 709, and the Sudden death of the King in 716 Bringing the Kingdom of Burgundy-Aquitaine into France - now Called the Regnum Francorum, with this The last Kings of the Merovingian dynasty Set their Capital at Aurelianum (Orleans).
  • The Duchies of Benevento and Salerno are Conquered by Rome in a Quick Campaign establishing Southern Italy under Roman rule, while this Roman North Africa is Organized into three Main Provinces, Mauretania, Africa and Cirenaica, Divided each into Three Smaller, by 715 the Province of Mauretania Poniente is invaded by Muslim pirates who Shortly afterwards Take Parts of the Kingdom of Extremadura, and the Kingdom of Malacca and imposing Islam in it founding the Emirate of Al-Maghrib.
  • In Persia, Zoroastrianism continues thriving though its obviously outnumbered by Islam, but the Zoroastrianism gets boosted as small leaders in the Central Asian territories under the Khans.

720 - 740

  • 720AD

    720 Constantinople Map

    The Spanish peoples Meet, all in Toletum, in 721 as most of them Fear the Emirate of Al-Maghrib expanding over their territories, with this forming the Coalition of Christian Nations Against the Muslims, Aided by the Romans who want to recover their territories on Mauretania.
  • The French, Begin Seeing Westwards as Under Control of the Newly Named king by 725 Charles Martel, Who Stopped a Small German intrusion towards the City of Trevera Augusta, he Seeks for the Roman And Papal Alliance to gain Power among the Royal Family, and with this the Pope and Emperors of Rome ask them, to aid the Empire in the War against the Lombards Started in 723.
  • In a fervor to unite all Celtic lands, Colgu mac Failbe attacks the Welsh lords, trying to unify them under his flag.
  • The Maghrebi Emirate Expands towards the center of Spain as the Small states can fight a bigger state even with help of Malacca and Emerita, Son they Are surrounded by the Emirate, yet they face a great foe, the Romans Seeking to retake their lands launch their own campaign, Taking a lot of the Mauretanian Lands taken by the Arabian Pirates, Re-establishing a Port to the Atlantic, though Gades and Septem are not taken, and Septem is Made the capital of the Emirate, now called the Emirate of Sebta (Ceuta), the Armies in Spain continue Sacking the Latin Kingdoms with Great Success and Little opposition from them.
  • The Roman Empire aided by the Frankish manage to Take a lot of lands from the Lombards taken Mediolanum by the end of the Year 713 though to lose it in 714 with an Onslaught from the Lombards, yet the Emperor Arcadius Flavius Manage to Push them from The coasts Claiming several Cities previously under Lombard control, he also makes contact with the Bulgars now Beyond the Danube River, Requesting them To convert to Christendom.
  • The Basileus of Cherson Rhinotmethos or Justinian II Of the Byzantium dies after 30 years of rule. His son, Tiberius is crowned Basileus of the Chersonese, he sons after contacts the Bulgars in the Danube and in the Volga to Christianize them, both Answering violently but intrigued at the same time.

740 - 750

  • 740AD

    Europe 740ad

    The Spanish Coalitions manages to Hold the Islamic Hordes but with little success, yet they manage to take several of the Previously taken territories as most of them Reject, Rebel or fight the Islamic Occupation of their lands and Join the Kingdoms of Malacca, Emerita, and Olisipo in order to remain outside of the Muslim control.
  • The Frankish under Charles Martel Manage to Fully unify the Frankish Kingdoms by this era. Making the Frankish Territories the more stable and Powerful Kingdom in western Europe as there was no real threatening presence in the whole western Europe. Yet due to its presence bordering the Great Wilderness in Germania, it was Forced to Act as the current only State Capable of Defending the west Romance nations,though by this time there's no concern from the German and other tribes as most of the tribes fear the answer that they might receive from the Frankish under Martel, who seeks to expand Christianity through the World.
  • The Roman Empire Leads another Campaign Against the Emirate of Sebta. Eager to retake the last stronghold of the Emirate in northern Africa,and to fully have a stand in north Africa without anyone capable of challenging the Empire's Situation in the western Mediterranean. Yet the Imperator Falls ill as He visits some of the lands gained from the Lombard Roman War, after 68 years of Life and 43 of Ruling over Rome, the Emperor Arcadius I dies if the City of Ravenna in 742, His Son Iulius Antonius Maximus takes the Lead of the Empire under the title of Iulius Maximus I he soon Reorganizes the Imperial Army and Builds its Own fleet and Prepares his own campaign against the Sebtanii Emirate. Taking most of the Muslim territories In exception of the City of Sebta highly protected by the Muslim fleet, and the Armies of Ifriqqiya now in the city after fleeing the Roman Armies in the war the war ends in 747 after four years of a bloody campaign and several attempts to take the Hispanian territories of the Muslim Emirate, but the Armies always crushed by the Muslims, in Spain. but the success in North Africa was crushing, due to the lack of Military presence in the south until the Roman army crossed the border and besieged the several new cities of Islamic origin like al-Jawjar, and Sb-al-Sadiq and easily taking it. By 744, most of the African territory of the Emirate was already under Roman control but Sebta, and great parts of the Southern territories of Spain were being occupied between Roman and Sebtanii forces though the Roman presence didn't remain for too long in most of the cases.
  • The Emirate with the Defeat from the Spanish coalition forces and due to to the degradation of the Armies it possessed before begin to fall into decadence as many Saw the Emir Ab-al-Sadiq as rather an unable emir than anything this followed by the Roman Defeat and taking of Ab-al-Sadiq (City founded by His father). His son afterward orders the occupation and forceful conversion of several Christian Communities in Hispania or al-Andaluz. Many of the Armies of the Emirate begin seeing him as an unable Emir, and many Conspiracies are said to be initiating as many wish to take control of the Emirate.
  • The Basileus of the Chersonese Tiberius I continues Pushing for the Bulgars both in the Danube as in the Volga to join Christendom, Mainly to gain allies or friendly Nation in the vicinity fearing an attempt of invasion by the hands of the Islamic Caliphate, Son after the King of the Bulgars of the Volga. Answers his Prayers and agrees to become Christian and offer the king Stephan, that his Daughter called by the Greeks as Sophia due to his High Interest on Knowledge and wisdom, Tiberius agrees in the marriage. By 743 he marries with the Princess of the Volghars as now the Chersonese Greeks call the Bulgars of the East,After this the Basileus Founds two cities to be the main centres of Commerce between the Khazars and the Chersonese, the Cities of Nea Tiberia and Nea Sophia.
  • The Islamic Caliphate Finally Manages to put Down the Greek Rebellion that Started by 719 after 22 years of conflict and Continuously rebellions in the Region the Greek Anatolia and southern Balkans are pacified by the Caliph dies in 746 after 69 years of life, and 51 of Ruling. The Great Caliph dies leaving his son Ahmed Ali Muawiyah as the Sole Caliph of the Empire. Though His brother, Abbas Ibn Ummar Muawiyah seeks a greater status and power in the Caliphate, his son seeks to make His Own Islamic Nation and He seeks north in the Caucasus and East in the Central Asian Wild territories. He departs from northern Persia, towards central Asia. After choosing to make his Kingdom in Kazakh Territory, he Is followed by several Islamic wise men and followers of his and founds the Sultanate of Qhusar. Due to a misinterpretation of the Name of the Central Asian inhabitants made by the Caliph in 748 though it only extends to a few thousand miles and it.s Heavily Dependent on the Caliphate.
  • The Persian Free territory under Zoroastrian Ruling divides into several Small Kingdom Though all of them Remain in a Small Alliance In order to Protect themselves from the Islamic Caliphate as many continue to fear the Previous presence and Forceful conversion of many of their peers in their lands, but now many seek for a new Persia many of them seeking  land for expansion and more people to aid them defend against the Caliphate. With this, many of the Zoroastrian clerics begin preaching to the Kazakh in Central Asia and Some expansion occurs in the area as some Kazakhs join the Persian Federation. While in the near the south in the border with India, one small Persian state ruined by the Zoroastrian clerics (Persian Papal States, Yay!) becomes the center of the federation, and its under Protection of the Baluchistani Kingdom to the south of it which controls most of the coast and most of the trade.

750 - 760

  • 750AD


    The Franks, now united under Pepin the short, after his father's death in 753, the King draws a plan to gain control of Spain, or at least, to bring it under his vassalage by bringing the Frankish armies from Burgundy and Aquitaine to Barcino and then to Malacca and force them out of Hispania by taking Hispalis the main Spanish city under Islamic control, but Saxons and other Teutonic tribes intrude in the Western Frankish territories. Delaying his Campaign supposed to begin by 758 to later years, the Saxons continuously sack the several cities of the Frankish Kingdom such as Treverorum, King Pepin tries after 765 when he successfully defeated the Saxons and put them down, he launches his attack at defeating the Saxons in the Battle of the Rhine in which he crosses to Germania toward OTL Netherlands conquering most of the south of the country to Christian nations,Pepin meets with the Roman Emperor.
  • The Spanish Coalition - after several years of fighting the Muslim Emirate of Sebta - manage to reduce their size to half, and with aid of the Romans, manage to take Septem destroying and forcing the Islamic Emirate to withdraw completely from Western North Africa. While this, the reorganization of the retaken lands was taking place, the formation of three four counties in the center of the peninsula was the greatest even ever since the Islamic invasion, divided between the central Hispanian Powers, Emerita, Olisipo and Malacca While the Northern Powers such as Barcino, Narbona and Legio received little to no reward for their campaign but the disputed control of the northern counties and vassalage of the small kingdoms that without any doubt were under their suzerainty only challenged by the Frankish Kingdom of Pepin, the King Rodericus I of Malacca opens the view of a Spanish Empire Based in the City of Toletum as a federated alliance (similar to the HRE) against the outside threats, Including Frankish, Muslims and Romans out or Inside the Peninsula, most of the kings and dukes agree to joining the Spanish Empire
  • the Caliph ahmed Ali Muawiyah faces a greater revolt that what he or any of its predecessors have ever faced, the Abbasids starting the revolts in Western Persia and Syria, at the very heart of the Ummayad Caliphate, the Abbasids gain great power as many Muslims from all over the Caliphate claim against the Weak Ummayads that despite taking the Greatest City of them all, were unable to fight against a weaker and less powerful nation than them, that was in the state of decline, the rebellious regions of the Caliphate. In the matter of five years by 757 the Caliph Ali is defeated in the Battle of Aleppo and the Battle of Al-Kaisariya (Caesarea Israel OTL) the Caliphate is Broken as in Egypt the Rebels in pro of the Ummayads declare the First Shi'a Caliphate as they are the Shi'a Muawiyah or the Party of the Muawiyah, While Persia Remained under Abbasid control, and Anatolia became a de facto Ummayad Rum Caliphate as the Caliph Ahmed traveled to Rum and defeat the Abbasids armies in Al-Adraniya (OTL Edirne) securing the Balkans and Western Anatolia to Ummayad 759 the Caliphate was shattered, in the north west the Ummayad Rum Caliphate domained, in a precarious situation bordered by the Pagan Bulgars and in the South by the Fierceless Abbasids. Egypt was Under a Shi'a Ruling (though they are still Sunni) and allied with the Ummayads, and most of the Levant and the Middle East under uling of the Abbasids under Abul Abbas who Hunts down the Ummayads in the empire.
  • The Roman Empire lead by Maximus, launches a campaign against a weakened Caliphate by 753 seeing the events on Damascus and Syria he sees a chance of taking al-Taliyah (OTL Antalya previously Attaleia) succeeding as the Ummayad armies focus on protecting the Muslims in Greece and Musiyah (Moesia) and the borders of the East,the success its outstanding surprising many Senators Such as Caius Arcadius of Greek descent who calls the emperor the Liberator of Attaleia and Lycia,the Emperor Who Continues his father's tasks and asks the Khan of the Bulgars to become Christian. Previously reluctant and more prone to Preaching to Islam, after seeing the success of the Emperor Agrees to becoming Christian if he gives one of his Daughters to marry,in a Sacrifice, he agrees giving Arcadia Secunda to the Bulgar king Stephanos as he is called by the Greeks and Romans...

760 - 780

  • 760AD

    Europe by 760

    The Hispanian empire arises as the military improves in Mallaca prompting a quick campaign that would lead to the campaign of recovery of Mallaca - original capital of the kingdom - against the Sadiq Emirate, which after five years would prove successful. After the war, the empire focused on growing its naval presence in the Mediterranean where the Roman and Islamic navies had prevailed decades before them. With this, the Imperial navy of the Hispanian would begin and the constant Islamic looting from the pirates that were resupplied in the Emirate. The north frontier is strengthened fearing a Frankish intervention in Hispania as the growing policies of Pepin. A Christian empire seemed to grow back towards the south as well as towards Germania beyond the Rhine. While this, Rodericus dies and his  title goes to his son Heinrich I of Malaca and Hispania. He soon opens further trading with Rome, Cyprus and later with the Chersonese kingdom. During the Frankish civil disarray, the Cantabrian states are brought unto the Empire.
  • The alliance between the Frankish and the Romans would soon grow as in 765 the Franks would form a  new region under their rule where soon  they would show their friendly view of Rome. The Duchy of Germania, a region in the southern territories of Germania. While this, the Duchy of Alamania, loses some land towards the newly populated Romanic centre in the Frankish kingdom. While this, the Frankish King Pepin, dies after a small battle in the southern Netherlands against some Germanic tribes coming towards the east to retake the Netherlands, His two sons divide the kingdom, Carloman getting most of the eastern territories, Aquitaine and part of Burgundy, while Charlemagne kept the rest of France and Allemania. in 775, Carloman invaded The eastern territories of Burgundy under his brother's rule. War is opened and soon Carloman dies in the battle of Massilia, where he falls from his horse and dies from a head trauma. His brother receives his kingdom. After this, France experiences some growth and a wise Charlemagne knows where to look to gain land. He launches a war against the Saxon Confederation, in order to "Christianize" said nations. He soon gains support from the Pope and the Roman emperor who sent some aid yet nothing relevant. The campaign proved somewhat successful as some territories were easily taken but many were still reluctant of Roman Christianity.
  • The Roman emperor's campaign at al-Taliyah proves successful as the city is taken by the Christian coalition forces between the Cretans and the Romans, establishing the first territories recovered from the Muslims in Asia taking advantage of the Caliphate's onslaught on the Caliphate of Rum, the Muslim's armies were either being massacred by the Romans or by the Abbasid forces in the eastern of the peninsula the Roman armies secure a small point between the Greek South Western Anatolia and the Central Anatolian peoples, that remained heavily Christian during the Umayyad Caliphal era. his success in 764 by taking the city grants him and the empire some peace as the Umayyads see their efforts to keep themselves together more focused in the eastern and northern frontiers he seeing this as an advantage puts his eyes on Northern Africa, to be more exact in Mauretania Magna or Mauretania Gaetulica where several Berbers incursion against Carthage had started, in 765 he leads a campaign with the African Legions to Mauretania Gaetulica as punitive and expansionist campaign, in the beginning the campaign was a failure as the cities were either already destroyed or desolated but the king of Mauretania Saharius (Abd abdul Ibn al-sahar) a Muslim king that had been converted a few years back to Islam by the Sebtanii survivors who fled south his kingdom were, however, mostly pagan. He was chosen to lead the campaign. His first strike was at Roman Volubilis but soon he saw that he made the mistake of leaving the Roman legions to sack their cities, soon the last city of the Mauretanians surrender, Aquae Gaetulica Sexta, a city around a small oasis, Saharius fled with its army to the only friendly place for them. Ishbiliyya, after eight years of war in Africa in 773, he secured the border of the south and created a buffer state with the desert and Mauretania Magna, The Regnum Gaetulicum and The Regnum Numidia Gaetuliensis in Carthage he erected the Obelisk of Gaetulia, where the history is depicted of the conquer of Africa, in the north he starts an ephemeral campaign against the Lombards who again tried to retake Northern Italy, he manages to stop them in Venice, and push them back to the north, his campaign is a relative success as he forces the Lombards to accept a status quo antebellum, he openly allows the Greek population of Anatolia and southern Greece to enter Rome as the Greek ephemeral uprising occurs. The Emperor Maximus gives the title of Imperator Romanorum to his brother, Constantinus II of Rome in 775 as the Umayyads that secured the northern borders (although only in southern Greece and Thrace) begin to attack the Exarchate of Lydia, in Anatolia where he commands the Eastern Legions of Rome that he had left there over a decade before. he manages to defeat them at Smirna after both naval and land armies of the Umayyads are destroyed and he marches onto Constantinople sacking the cities in its path. However, seeing the walls once again erected around the city he decides to return. The Bulgars, however, continue their assaults at Constantinople forcing the Umayyads again to secure its borders he returns to his domains at Asia, where he plans his next campaigns
  • The long time shattered Britannian territory sees something new, something odd, a new kingdom, the Grand kingdom of Dumnonia, in the south, under the King Brandano Morgan named in a Latinized form of The sword of the sea in Brythonic, he is a Romano-Brithonic population, son of the Romans in Britannia long left behind by their empire, and now he seeks to reunite the Kingdom of Britannia, his people Calls him Arthur Brandan Augustus, Implying his right to rule and his imperial dignity over Britain. he manages after a 15 year campaign in 776 the security of the Romano-Brithons in southern England a kingdom centered in Durnovaria, what once was broken now seems to once again be reunited.
  • The Avar king Kuber II starts a politic of Avar traditionalism that brings the Avar a series of events that in 764 would end up as a civil war, the Khan Kuber leads the loyalist Avar armies against the Poles, Vlachs and Croatians in Pannonia, the division ends with the creation of the kingdom of Pannonia and the Pole's Khanate, and the freeing of the Vlachs in Transylvania, but the loyal territories form the kingdom of Avaria in Central Europe, separated from the Bulgars and soon to fall to the German peoples.
  • the Abbasid Caliphate finally breaks the border with Egypt, as the Caliph enters the Shi'a Caliphate of Egypt the forces break and seek for exile in the Caliphate of Rum or even in Roman territory, but most of the Egyptian followers of the Umayyads are slaughtered at Cairo or other major cities, soon Egypt is back on the Abbasi control and plans of a third Islamic expansion start as Egypt expands southwards and plans to invade Nobatia and Axum are initiated, while this the Caliphal expansion into the Caucasus begins as well as the Caucasus begins to be brought to the Islamic control. In Central Asia the Islamic forces unleash its onslaught against the Turks in Central Asia annexing small portions of the Khanate, while the Emirate of the Qussar is threatened being the only Umayyad territories in the east, however, they plead for protection of the Khazar Khan who agrees on the threatening movements of the Abbasids, forcing the Caliphate to avoid any action against the Qussar emirate, yet territories to expand are numerous for the Caliphate, yet the Caliph realizing that most of its space in the north is threatened by both Bulgars, Umayyads and turks he sees the south, Somaliyya where the Caliph founds Ibn Rasul Al-mahdi a city for the Guided by the sent, by 773 the armies in Anatolia had broken the Rum border defense and had taken over all of Egypt as well as expanded their holdings in Somalia and Socotra, yet the Caliph is wasting resources that have not been recovered as it was left almost empty due to the war occurred a century before against Byzantium, and it would soon appear for this to happen as the Caliph dies and is followed by Umar Ibn Abbas crowned Caliph in 780.
  • The Caliphate of shbiliyya becomes more and more incapable of keeping its own size. The Sadiq dynasty falls behind as the power begins collapsing in the emirate}

780 - 800


780 Map

The Caliphate of Rum lays in ruins as not just the Bulgars invade, if not the Caliphal Abbasids who hold stronger territories and more fertile lands yet in an amazing campaign the new Caliph, has manage to hold the territories loyal to the Caliph authority under its hands, and by 794 when the battle Adraniyya occurs The Bulgar armies are stopped from their advance in Thrace. Previously the battles of Thassaliya and Athnah stopped the advance of the Hellenic Kingdoms in the Peloponessus and Diraq would be the Pacifier of the north Greece taken by the Bulgars. With this the armies of the Caliph managed to counter attack the Romans and the Abbasids recovering most of the Eastern provinces of Kaffat from the Abbasids and a lot of lands on al-Antaya from the Romans. However, their stand in Europe was no longer what once was, the Bulgar power was growing and the doubt wasn't if Rum would fall, rather than when. However, by 798 the Caliph greatest general, and his best friend leads an unexpected campaign, the Lijah's a special unit based on the Roman legions strike deeply using Antiochia to reach Syria's southern coast and marching to Damascus, successfully taking the city looting it and returning to the Caliphate territories, for the first time since the collapse occurred the last 30 years the Caliphate of Rum rises upon the greatness it had before.

The Frankish onslaught on Germania continues until 792 when the last German Saxon tribe surrenders and the German Francia is pacified, the Catholicism is Imposed although the Frankish religion begins to differ as the Roman Emperor Brother of Maximus, Juvencus whose policies with the Pope has grown to hate among the more factual bishops of Francia and Britannia, although this occurs the Romans from the Duchy of Germania continue growing as important populators of East Francia, Charlemagne, And his wise men such as Gnaeus Italicus from Roman origin writes the Edict of Aurelianum imposing Catholicism to all the peoples of The Frankish Empire, and banning the German tribal religions. The Peace of the Frankish, however, ends rapidly as Charlemagne wishes to Conquer the Wild Britannia where the Saxons remain relatively reluctant of Catholicism, the Invasion Yields victory in question of a year and by 796 a longer campaign occurs that would end by 799 with the Annexation of Essex, Wessex and Eastern England the Anglo-Saxon forces form a coalition to fend of the Frankish onslaughts but it fails in many occasions as the leaders wish nothing but their own glory, the Frankish start the alliance with the only Christian Romanic state in Britain, Dumnonia.

Rome mourns the death of the biggest and most glorious emperor since the era of Imperial Rome prior to 476 Maximus who dies in 785 after the Campaign of Antiochia fails and returns to Rome to live peacefully his last year of life, in his last six years of life with his control of several territories on the African Maghreb and the vassalization of Mauri states, Begins the exploration of the Africa Deserta's coast founding three small trading outposts and the Invasion of Maxima Augusta in Castellum Maximum in OTL Fuerte Ventura, forming the first Legate province, a province that is far from the direct imperial rule, and that can be given as patrimonium or inheritance the first legates of The Roman Empire are Lucius Flavius Arcadius and Maximus Pullus Flavius who are the Legates of Castellum and Ora Deserta in 796 the last resistance of the Berber Castellae Islands is defeated by the Roman armies in the battle of Aurelia. The death of Maximus brings Juvencus, his brother, to full power, who soon begins Gaining his power, The senate, a weaken structure is remade although Juvencus holds the Power of Dictator Maximus and has the power to made the last rulings in every case, he also begins the Caesaropapism of Rome in which he begins to work on some theologic and philosophic restructure of the Roman empire's church, this ends with several pretensions of the Roman Papacy on taking power on the Roman empire's government, but although this Juvencus policies begin a schism that would start to drive Rome's Papacy far from the Roman government, such examples are the election of Mauritius II as Pope of Rome in 799. The Sadiq Sultanate fall is almost reached.
Muhammed II of Garnath is the last Sultan to reach power and with his 19 year old he plans great things such as the conquest of Lixbuna and his plan to spread control on North Africa and the Mediterranean.
However, his campaigning plans are useless and the army is little or not prepared to face such threat as the armies. However, the armies are able to quell the continuous revolts occurring in still strongly Christian territories in the north.

The Abbasids, although in Asia still holding strongly without much difficulty, in Africa things turn hard. The situation is complicated as Ethiopian Aksum continues posing threats to the Arab ships in the Red Sea. However, for the concern of the Caliph, the Empire is prepared to attack the Aksumite nation.

800 - 820

With the crisis beginning between the Papacy and the Roman Imperial family the Franks soon find themselves in a hard situation. On one side they are loyal to the Pope, and in the other, Charlemagne greatest allies are the Romans, representing the only remaining Christian states that have enough power to stop the Arabs in North Africa. However, he sides with the Pope after Juvencus forces Pope Mauritius to abdicate Papacy in 805 after not blessing his campaign in Greece (which turns out a failure either way) and chooses directly Donatus III as the Pope's successor, who does this, however, proving to be a mistake after the Battle of Al-Diraq that shatters the Roman armies fleet on the Greek coast. With this event, the Rum sultanate attempts to recover Miletus. However, being stopped by the army of Pullus who manages to force the Arabs to defend Rum as he besieges it for the first time since the Ummayads had taken it. After Pullus' successful campaign and a series of raids in Anatolia and Southern Greece remaining held by the Ummayads the Roman army successfully manages to take over the small territories under the Taifa of Al-Diraq (loyal part to the Rum Sultanate) the victory yields full control of the Adriatic coast of Rum and finishing the pirate incursions on the coasts of Dalmatia and Eastern Italy and the Roman ships. However, the victory after the war (805-807) the Romans only hold the small territory for a while holding it. However, losing control after a revolt occurs in Diraq between Muslims and Christians in Epirus dividing the nation between Roman backed and Rumi backed peoples reaching independence from Rome (as vassal) in 817 forming the Kingdom of Epirus as Christians are backed by the Hellenic Kingdom of Crete and the Bulgar Empire. In the South The Roman African empire faces revolts as unrests reach Carthage and Constantine forcing the withdrawal from Mauritanian troops to defend the City of Carthage from the Barbars from Africa Deserta and Phazania Magna. Juvencus dies in 815 in the palace of Carthage where he had lived since 809 after a small uprising in Rome where he was almost killed and yet, the Roman armies face the greatest defeat since their history as in 818 a fleet of ships coming from the Sadiq Sultanate manages to defeat the Romans and take over Sicily. By 820 the defeated Roman armies had lost part of Roman Africa, Sardinia, the Balearics, and Sicily to the outstanding armies of the Sadiq Sultanate.

Although the Franks show support from Pope Mauritius II who flees from Rome into Lyon where he finds support among many Frankish bishops and archbishops who find the actions of Juvencus as a lack of respect towards the Papacy, many pleading King Charlemagne to act against the Romans. However, Charlemagne is reluctant and focuses more on taking down the pagan saxons rather than Christian Romans. In 803 he launches a campaign into Rumii Greece failing to take over Northern Greece. With the lack of success in the campaign of Charlemagne in Northern Greece and his forceful return to Roman-controlled Dalmatia where he meets with the local Roman praetor ruling in Dalmatia Magna (a Statal Praetoriate of the Roman empire), Arcadius Aelius, who still is leaning towards Pope Mauritius II like the Franks in between 804-806. Charlemagne successfully conquers OTL Austria and parts of Moravia. In 807 he leads a revolt in Dalmatia backed by the Frankish secretly (by a Frankish duke in OTL Austria). In the end, the revolt ends unsuccessfully, in fact, causing the persecution of Mauritius followers all over the Roman empire and causing the complete destruction of the Roman followers of Mauritius or its exodus to friendlier environments such as the Duchy of Germania (Latin territory under Frankish control) or the Hispanian empire. Charlemagne dies in 817 after campaigning for the last time in Pomerania where his last gain is executed gaining lands from the Wends in OTL Prussia. After his death the three children he had (in ATL) Pepin born in 792, Ludovicus born in 798 and Charles in 801, with Pepin being barely 25 and still not prepared to rule many landlords of frankish origin throughout the entire empire many rising and big duchies and counties rising to power (Duchy of Aquitaine, County of Maguelone, Duchy of Lothringen, duchy of Rouen (or Rotomagus), county of Saxony, march of Bavaria, march of Carinthia, Duchy of Germania and many others) challenging the full strength of the empire, but in early 818 Pepin manages to gather the imperial army and rallying it to his major contestant, Carloman of Aquitaine who had got support from the Narbonnaise monarchs and the Leonese Kingdom. However in the first battle the Duke of Aquitaine is easily captured near Nimes soon accepting the domination of Pepin over his in order to stay alive. it is with this that in September of 818 Pepin manages to get crowned Imperator Francorum et dux christi. Emperor of the Franks and Duke of Christ, Soon he divides the Empire in four main kingdoms, Francia (under his direct rule) from Paris, Germania (Under Marcus Antonius of Geneva, a local landlord of Latin descendant from the immigrates from rome) Ludovicus ruling in Allemania (OTL Germany for the most part) from the city of Aquisgran (Aachen) and charles being given the Kingdom of Pannonia centered in Vindobona.

in Spain the situation isn't as hard as in France or in Italy most of the population and the nobility backs the actions of Juvencus and agree on the replacement of Mauritius II mostly due to the widespread contact in the Levantine Spain and the open exchange of popular communication through letters or presents from merchant relatives. However, in the northern regions of the Pyrenees, conflict remains as Narbona is leaning towards the Frankish tendency. Yet the Empire stands strong as  most of the narbonan population feels much closer to the Spanish people. in Toletum the King Rodericus II declares to back the Roman choice of replacement of the Pope. this king as well chooses to invade the Ishbiliyya Sultanate. However, this proves to be a wrong choice as Extremadura (or Turdetania) its utterly destroyed and captured by the Muslim nation

In the east, the abbasid caliphate power begins breaking apart as rumi armies capture the western caucasus and parts of Syria from them, the caliph Muhammed abd-rahman ibn abbas decides to throw a new expansionist campaign at too fronts that had not been addressed for a while the rumi border and the eastern Mediterranean Sea which had been ditched by the Abbasids since they had taken power, the commander of the Arab fleet ibn-Qasim (from old Roman descent) launches his own campaign to besiege Constantinople from sea and landing in Gallipoli in early 809, however the campaign ends as a great disaster when the attempt to capture al-adraniya from the rumi hands. The battle of adraniya ends up as a complete victory from the rumi as the forces of Qasim and Ahmed ibn al-wadi are ambushed in the path of the city the army of little over twelve thousand soldiers is almost completely slaughtered in the vicinity of the city only a few hundreds managing to flee and only two hundred reaching the Gallipoli peninsula and the fleet back, returning with bad news. Qasim, who had managed to survive, reaches Tripoli where he's awaited by caliphal forces to bring news of victory. However, abd-Rahman, receiving bad news, hearing from the crushing defeat orders the execution of Qasim who chooses to flee to Siqiliya under Sadiqi domination.

820 - 840

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