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The Falkland Islands (Spanish: Islas Malvinas) are a part of the Republica Americana Unida (United American Republic).
There is some evidence of visitation by Patagonian Indians but the islands were uninhabited when first discovered by European explorers.
The first settlement was founded in 1764 by the French navigator and military commander Louis Antoine de Bougainville on Berkeley Sound.
A World War I naval combat (Battle of the Falkland Islands) took place in December 1914, with a British victory over the smaller Imperial German Asiatic Fleet. During World War II, the port of Stanley served as a Royal Navy station and serviced ships which took part in the 1939 Battle of the River Plate.
On 2 April 1982, Argentina invaded the Falkland Islands and other British territories in the South Atlantic (South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands). The military junta which had ruled Argentina since 1976 sought to maintain power by diverting public attention from the nation's poor economic performance and exploiting the long-standing feelings of the Argentines towards the islands. The United Nations Security Council issued Resolution 502, calling on Argentina to withdraw forces from the Islands and for both parties to seek a diplomatic solution. The British sent an expeditionary force to retake the islands, leading to the Falklands War. After short but fierce naval and air battles, the British landed at San Carlos Water on 21 May, and a land campaign followed leading the British taking the high ground surrounding Stanley on 11 June. The Argentine forces surrendered on 14 June 1982. The war resulted in the deaths of 255 British and 649 Argentine soldiers, sailors and airmen, as well as 3 civilian Falklanders.
Doomsday had forced the Falkland Islands in a precarious position. Cut off from Britain and with food supplies running short, the Falkland Islands' civilian government in 1984 accepted an invitation by the Argentina government to meet in Buenos Aires to discuss how to best pool local resources. After intense discussion Argentina, Uruguay, and the Falkland Islands agreed to form a new unified nation known as the Republica Americana Unida (United American Republic). British military forces on the Islands reluctantly accepted this proposal and were allowed to evacuate the islands (along with any civilians who wished to accompany them) and head for Anglophone territory - Australia, South Africa, Canada, or Guyana. Most, however, chose to remain on the Islands rather than risk a dangerous journey. Since then, a few Falklanders have moved to English-speaking Guyana.
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