Eustace "Stacy" Luther Minor (February 20, 1916 - June 3, 1989) was the third Prime Minister of the Republic of England and the first Leader of the Conservative Party. He became Prime Minister following the Right-wing Revolution of 1972, when the Tories took a dominant hold of Parliament and served until 1981, when Labour retook the majority. He was the leader of the Whigs from 1969 until 1981, when he stepped down in favor of Stephen Norrington. Minor was known for being a committed champion of the right, believing in free-market economics, a self-sufficient populace, a cut in welfare programs, a strong national defense, and union-busting. The 1970's followed the Phoenix Programs and English Reconstruction and coincided with America's great economic boom the same decade.
Minor is typically regarded as the best Premier after Charles Morgan and as an economic whiz. His views shifted further and further to the center throughout his tenure, and his embracing of the centrist elements of his own party led to the center-right identity the Whigs have today, as opposed to the hard-right fundamentals they were founded upon with Minor in charge. For this reason as well, and due to his narrow majorities in his second two terms, Minor was able to compromise with Labour leaders and avoid major governmental confrontations over expenses.
Early Life and Anarchy
Eustace Luther Minor was born in Middlesbrough, Yorkshire in 1916 to Luther Wallace Minor (1880-1951) and his wife Helen (nee Holmes) (1892-1941). His father was the son of Tory politician Henry Minor and was politically active in local Yorkshire politics. Minor grew up in a wealthy family that managed to endure the wealth distributions of the Socialist regime following the 1922 victory by David Barham, and Luther Minor in fact greatly admired Barham's leadership skills and his revamping of English infrastructure.
Minor attended the Yorkshire preparatory school and was drafted in the military in 1934 upon graduation. He fought in the Irish War on the Isle of Man, where he was wounded and received the People's Commendation of Valor, and was commissioned to Cornwall to repell the French feint in late 1936. He was made a Hero of the People in 1937 for his brave rescue of 17 wounded men from a French shelling attack near Exeter and was guaranteed a free Oxford education thanks to his military service following the peace treaty ending the conflict.
Minor attended Oxford from 1938 to 1941 and received a degree in business. He worked as a financial clerk for the Socialist Party for three years in London while waiting for a business license, which he was finally granted in 1944 shortly before Churchill's assassination. Minor was often frustrated by the Socialist Party's insistence on limiting private enterprise, and was twice apprehended by the party's police for alleged insiduous comments against the party, but was released both times after interrogation due to his stellar service record in the war and his benign attitude. He opened two shoe stores in York and married Linelle Osbourne (1920-1952) in 1946, and they had a son, Henry (1947-1951) together.
In 1947, however, Minor was jailed for two years for "unpatriotic behavior" in which he allegedly conspired to overthrow the government of England and assist a bourgeoise uprising. During the final days of the Socialist Party in late 1949, as the country's depression grew worse and he was released, Minor wrote in his diary that he was closely sympathetic with the nationalistic, right-wing Volunteer militia that was wreaking havoc in central England. He debated joining the Volunteers with both of his shoe stores having been closed during his incarceration, but decided against it.
When the Anarchy broke out, Minor was forcefully recruited by the English Workers Army due to his service record in the Irish War. Minor was granted the title of Captain and was separated from his wife and son, both of whom would die during the civil war. As an officer in the EWA, Minor was afforded a comfortable living in York, where he was stationed, but despite his access to the EWA's resources he was unable to locate his family and admittedly suffered from depression.
Minor was wounded at Birmingham in 1953 and surrendered to the Americans so he could receive proper medical attention. Minor was sent to an American prisoner-of-war camp in Wales where he remained for sixteen months before being transferred to the English Republican Army due to good behavior. He resigned from military service in late 1955 and began coordinating the nascent government's public works programs, before starting up a private capital enterprise with a heft government subsidy in 1957.
By 1962, Minor had become one of the wealthiest businessmen in England, thanks to his public-financed subsidy and competitive bargaining with contractors to fund private sector infrastructural jobs. Minor helped build a network of wide highways in northern England modelled on the American and French freeway systems and had sponsored, through private investment, numerous local building projects in and around York, which boomed in the Phoenix Program years. When it was announced that a new constituency was being carved out of most of York and its northern suburbs, Minor was appointed by Charles Morgan to be its representative in Parliament.
Once in Parliament, Minor soon emerged out of the disorganized, polarized right as the clear voice of the new Republic of England's right-wing. He was a supporter of the formation of political parties, which Morgan had been against, and vehemently opposed the hard-left Labour Party of Donald Sutcliffe. With the victory of Labour in the 1966 election as the first party to win a majority, Minor emerged as the leader of the "organized right."
This precipitated the union in 1968 of the smaller Conservative Party, Christian Union Party and English National Party, of which Minor was the de facto head. From these three parties, each of which adhered to varying levels of conservative beliefs, was born the Whig Party, the name of the old British Parliamentary party. While Minor's initial opposition to Sutcliffe was passed off as "hawkish," he eventually drifted towards the center following Labour's pyrrhic victory in the 1969 elections, in which Labour maintained a majority but lost almost twenty seats and had to face a unified center-right opponent as opposed to a divided, broken coalition of parties.
As the official Leader of the Opposition from 1969 to 1972, Minor continued to head further and further to the center on policies such as tax reform and ministerial expenses, but grew further and further to the right on ideals such as national defense, free trade, a privitization of the bloated and corrupt Phoenix Program, ending the "open-door" immigration policy begun under Morgan and encouraged by Sutcliffe, and to ban Parliament's ability to redistribute public equity as they saw fit every sixteen months. By 1972, the unpopularity of Labour had begun to impede Sutcliffe's ability to push for his policies, and the Whigs once again ran a high-energy campaign, with one of their slogans being "English jobs for English workers." Minor came under criticism during the campaign for allegedly claiming that Sutcliffe's open-door policy was designed to encourage a Jewish takeover of the Republic, and for his claimed elitism and hawkish stances. Nevertheless, Minor won a comfortable victory over Labour, with the Whigs assuming the majority.