The 33 provinces of Roman Europe could be very broadly divided into 8 lose geographical/cultural areas. They were in no way representative of a larger administrative grouping system, and some provinces could fit in more than one group.
After the Battle of Actium the Ægean area under the Ptolemies was a mishmash of policy, though the Greek polities were reorganised by Cleopatra into an efficient system. The conflict was whether Greece could be built up enough to be a good bastion, or that it was really indefencible and so should remain undeveloped to function as a buffer. Cultural investment in the peninsula was good at least.
Augustus’ rule saw a true revitilisation of Greece, but the damages of the long ago Greek uprising and Roman Civil Wars would take until well into Carico’s reign to erase.
- Gallia Lugdunensis
- Gallia Narbonensis
- Hispania Terraconensis
- Thule Minor