European Union
Union européenne
(EU / UE)
Flag of Europe
European Union map
Member states of the European Union
Formation 1992
Type Continental union
Headquarters Brussels, Belgium
Membership 18 states
Official languages English
President of the Commission José Manuel Durão Barroso

The European Union (French: Union européenne) is an economic and political union of 18 member states which are located primarily in Europe. It was established in 1992 by the Maastricht treaty, which merged together the European Economic Community and the European Coal and Steel Community.


Full members

Country Capital Accession
Austria Vienna 1995
Balearic Islands Palma 2002
Belgium Brussels 1957
Catalonia Barcelona 2004
Denmark Copenhaguen 1973
France Paris 1957
Germany Berlin 1957
Greece Athens 1981
Ireland Dublin 1973
Italy Rome 1957
Luxembourg Luxembourg 1957
Netherlands Amsterdam 1957
Norway Oslo 1986
Poland Warsaw 2004
Portugal Lisbon 1986
Slovenia Ljubljana 2004
Sweden Stockholm 1995
United Kingdom London 1973


Country Capital Prospective accession date
Andalusia Seville 2012
Iceland Reykjavik 2012
Basque Country Vitoria-Gasteiz 2014

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