European Union
Den Europæiske Union (Danish)
Europese Unie (Dutch)
Union européenne (French)
Europäische Union (German)
Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση (Greek)
Unione europea (Italian)
Unio Europaea (Latin)
Europos Sąjunga (Lithuanian)
Unia Europejska (Polish)
União Europeia (Portuguese)
Unión Europea (Spanish)
Europeiska unionen (Swedish)
Европейский союз (Russian)

Timeline: Great Empires
Flag of Europe
Flag of European Union

("United in Diversity")

Anthem "Ode to Joy"
Capital Constantinople
Largest city Rome
Language Danish, Dutch, English, French, German, Greek, Italian, Latin, Lithuanian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish
  others Islam, Judaism
Ethnic Group Europeans
Demonym European
Government Federal Supranational Union
President of the European Council Michael X of The Roman Empire
President of the Commission José Manuel Barroso
Population 680,000,000 
Established 1952
Currency Euro
Member states United Kingdom
Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire

The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 11 member states that are located primarily in Europe. The EU operates through a system of supranational independent institutions and intergovernmental negotiated decisions by the member states. Institutions of the EU include the European Commission, the Council of the European Union, the European Council, the Court of Justice of the European Union, the European Central Bank, the Court of Auditors, and the European Parliament. The European Parliament is elected every five years by EU citizens. The EU's capital is Constantinople.

The EU traces its origins from the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and the European Economic Community (EEC), formed by the Inner Six countries in 1951 and 1958, respectively. In the intervening years the community and its successors have grown in size by the accession of new member states and in power by the addition of policy areas to its remit. The Maastricht Treaty established the European Union under its current name in 1993. The latest major amendment to the constitutional basis of the EU, the Treaty of Lisbon, came into force in 2009. EU policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, goods, services, and capital, enact legislation in justice and home affairs, and maintain common policies on trade, agriculture, fisheries, and regional development.

More than 680 million people live within it, together it constitutes more 8% of the world population. It has a total GDP of more than 23 trillion US dollars, which makes it by far the world's largest economy. It has global influence and military might and is considered a potential superpower, though it is not a nation.

Member states

A member state of the European Union is a state that is party to treaties of the European Union (EU) and thereby subject to the privileges and obligations of EU membership. Unlike the membership of an international organisation, EU membership places each member under binding laws in exchange for representation in the EU's legislative and judicial institutions. On the other hand, EU states retain considerable autonomy compared to the constituent states of a federation (such as a U.S. state), maintaining their national military and foreign policy (where they have not agreed to European action in these areas). There are 11 current members.

Current members

Member states of the European Union
Flag Nation Joined Population Area (sq km) Currency Council votes EP seats Languages
Flag of Denmark Denmark 1973 5,600,000 2,220,093 Euro 10 20 Danish, Norwegian
Flag of Flanders Flanders 2013 10,000,000 13,522 Euro 20 40 Dutch
Flag of France France Founding member 65,000,000 600,000 Euro 40 80 French
Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor Holy Roman Empire Founding member 100,000,000 570,000 Euro 40 80 German
Flag of the Netherlands Netherlands Founding member 16,000,000 41,543 Euro 20 40 Dutch
Royal Banner of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth Poland-Lithuania 2004 100,000,000 1,311,000 Polish złoty 40 80 Polish, Lithuanian
Flag Portugal (1830) Portugal 1986 10,487,000 92,212 Euro 20 40 Portuguese
Flag of Palaeologus Emperor (stretched) Roman Empire Founding member 270,000,000 2,116,000 Roman augusta 60 120 Latin, Greek, Italian, Georgian
Flag of Spain Spain 1986 46,704,314 502,992 Euro 40 80 Spanish
Flag of Sweden Sweden 1995 9,555,000 449,964 Euro 20 40 Swedish
Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom 1973 70,000,000 315,093 Pound sterling 40 80 English
Flag of Russia Russia 2013 130,000,000 15,500,000 Russian rubble 50 100 Russian

Other states

Other states
Flag Nation Status Population Area (sq km) Currency Languages Expected accession
Australia Republican Flag Australia Candidate 22,900,000 7,617,930 Australian dollar English 2014-2015 (earliest possible)
Flag of Canada Canada Applicate 33,476,000 9,984,670 Canadian dollar English, French 2015-2016 (earliest possible)
Flag of Morocco Morocco Rejected 70,000,000 2,400,000 Moroccan dirham Arabic, Berber Never
Flag of Egypt (1922–1958) Kenopia Rejected 250,000,000 4,900,000 Kenopian dinar Arabic Never

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