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The European Federation was essentially a dream for quite a long time in which multiple speeches were given over the years with greater rising of this eventuality of a Federal Europe. The Final movement toward this happened in 1946 when Winston Churchill gave a famous speech in Zurich which became the Foundations of the movement which continued to develop for almost another 40 years before coming to fruition as a more Economic Union rather than full Federalized government which in turn evolved into a Central government almost in disguise.
The first steps toward a semi-unified Europe came over a decade later with the founding of the European common market, which included various nations in an attempt to create a versatile and stable common market between the various European nations. The West Germans and French became more involved over the years but suffered an issue in the 1960's when French President Charles De Gaulle began to withdraw in order to restore French interests in areas which ended in the Luxembourg compromise which restored Veto in areas of national interests. This died off following De Gaulle's presidency the French nations began to become more compliant with Supernationalism at behest of West Germany and various other nations which had begun to become more in tune with a united common market.
By the 1970's the European community had expanded to include Great Britain (economically speaking) and had managed to stave off US influence outside of Regular economical and NATO influences. By this point Germany was playing a game of Brinkmanship with East Germany and had conducted multiple flyovers over East Germany violating air space agreements keeping the East German government at the point of a nervous collapse every time West Germany moved troops or conducted drills. Finally with the Soviet government losing faith in their East German ally the West Germans were able to garner significant influence through intelligence and secret agencies and began to subvert Soviet influence in East Germany while also writing up the European Federal treaty of 1979.
The European Federal Treaty proposed the gradual Formation of a European Union, and with a Soviet Union looming more than ever many nations were pressured to agree to the Franco-German led treaty. By 1984 the Treaty was beginning to come into full force with more nations looking to join what was looking to be a promising community which now had the support of Norway, and Sweden to a lesser degree, full integration with Greece, and was now including nations such as Spain just weeks before the full force of the Treaty going into full effect. Finally in August of 1986 the European Federation was created with Supernationalist policies surpassing nationalist ones for the past decade and major movements that popularized candidates rather than nationalities. The EF, however, still had the challenge of fully reuniting Germany. This was accomplished by January of 1987 as East Germany suffered a massive revolution which wished to re-join West Germany and become part of the Federation.
The East-German revolution continued on for months as revolutionaries essentially secured most control of the country in the opening weeks but eventually ended up fighting against the Soviet garrisons. However, when the European Federation threatened to intervene in force, the Soviets seeing their disadvantageous position began to re-establish the Iron Curtain on the Polish border and renounced their alliance with former Communist East Germany. This was increasingly surprising for the world but the economical issues of the Soviet union ended up being the true cause behind this as the Americans had essentially been Spending the USSR into the ground.
The European Federations centralized government is a relatively new Union which semi follows the United States Example and maintains a Congress/Parliament, a judiciary and an executive government. The Executive branch, however, is just a bit different and maintains a Prime minister and a Chairman
The executive is the part of government that has sole authority and responsibility for the daily administration of the country. The executive branch executes the law. The division of power into separate branches of government is central to the idea of the separation of powers.
The European Parliament is the bicameral legislature of the federal government of the European Federation consisting of two houses: the House of Representatives and the Senate. Congress meets in the Capitol in Brussels. Both representatives and senators are chosen through direct election. Members are affiliated to the Republican Party or to the Democratic Party, and only rarely to a third-party or as independents.
The judiciary (also known as the judicial system or court system) is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state. The judiciary also provides a mechanism for the resolution of disputes. Under the doctrine of the separation of powers, the judiciary generally does not make law (that is, in a plenary fashion, which is the responsibility of the legislature) or enforce law (which is the responsibility of the executive), but rather interprets law and applies it to the facts of each case. This branch of the state is often tasked with ensuring equal justice under law. It usually consists of a court of final appeal (called the "Supreme court" or "Constitutional court"), together with lower courts.
The glaring issues with this system, however, is that the various national identities attempting to assert their control over the decentralized Union and have in some cases cost the EU millions of Euros and eventually their dissolution as a Full blown Union.
Following the failure of the Warsaw pact and the opening up of multiple nations throughout eastern Europe the EF has integrated multiple nations many of which have the backing of multiple international coalitions, to improve their nations, or slowly integrate them into the Union. The EU began its "European economic Recovery" policies in 1988 following the re-unification of Germany and set up a step by step process to integrate future nations and turn them all into viable productive members of the Union as a whole.
The best Example of the step by step process of getting their economy on track the Republic of Poland which induced a shock therapy to its economy which was emulated by various Post Warsaw collapse nations. By 1995 the Republic of Poland was offered a place in the EF due to its huge push in Human Development alongside economics. the next few years saw the integration of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania as their economies improved to the point that they could be given candidacy as well. However, during the 1990's the collapse of Yugoslavia brought about the intervention of NATO to prevent Genocide which eventually just brought about EF's Joint occupation of the majority of the Balkans and a Major NATO force of EF and US forces continued in the area as peacekeepers while the EF stabilized the Area. Along with this, a Pro-European government took power in Turkey in 1995 giving rise to Turkish inclusion into the Federation. However, many nations dubious of their inclusion signed the "Treaty of Istanbul" which included Turkey into the common market and with plans to fully integrate Turkey in a ten-step process over a course of 20 years or more.
The two most recent admissions to the EF are Norway and Belarus two nations that were once aloof of the EF but joined out of the economic ability to help and Support their growing and improving economies and Belarus distancing itself from their former Russian Masters. Norway with its general wealth was a nearly 20 year back and forth negotiation process which managed to secure large amounts of oil wealth for the Federation and coupled with the natural gas deal with Russia secured itself as a true Energy and military power.
The European Federation maintains one of the worlds most advanced militaries on par with the Kingdom of Vinland, and the United States. Their armed forces consists of three Allied Branches. The Army, the Navy and the Air Force which handle the collective defense of the nation and one Civilian branch, the Unionary Guard. The Unionary Guard is a large militia-type force that handles specific state defenses and martial law if needed and is a All volunteer force that essentially is only used to protect various EU organization buildings and is used for security for the various EU meetings.
The President and Prime Minster share the title of the Commander in Chief and they appoint various secretaries or have created specific departments geared toward helping them asses and make their ultimate military decisions. The military has an all volunteer military force of about 1.5 million as well as maintaining a large reserve force. The reserves are currently getting their training in the Balkans as they attempt to stabilize the area.
The Navy maintains an active carrier force of about seven carriers attempting to maintain a naval force that can compete in the modern worlds high speed and intensity kinds of conflict. However, of these seven carriers only two of them are Supercarriers which are sub-par compared to nations such as the United States and Vinland due to their previous disposition for the lack of need for carriers.
However, one of the flaring problems with the EF and its attempt at an semi-unified military is the fact of so many different nationalities and their different militaries are very hard to coordinate and the nations with the larger armed forces tend to impress their own doctrines on the attempt at unified operations.