(OK, it's the same as OTL, but I wanted to make a list in preparation for what comes later.)
1209-29: France eradicates the Albigensians.
1214: Battle of Bouvines, France wins; Angevine Empire ends
1215: Magna Carta in England.
4th Lateran council. Teachings of Cathars and Waldensians condemned, Jews are forced to wear the infamous special hats.
1216: Order of the Dominicans founded.
1217: Civil War in Norway between the Baglers and Birkebeiners ends.
1220-30: German Customary Law written down in the so-called Sachsenspiegel.
1221: Bonaventura (Franciscans) born.
1223: Franciscans acknowledged by the pope.
1225/26: Thomas of Aquin born.
1226: France becomes hereditary monarchy.
German poet Walther von der Vogelweide dies.
1229-35: Aragon conquers the Baleares.
1231: Papal Inquisition created.
1233/34: The bishop of Bremen calls for a "crusade" against the peasants of Stedingerland, which they lose.
1237: Holy Roman Emperor Friedrich II defeats the Lombard army at Cortenuovo.
1241: Friedrich II occupies the Papal states. In the same year, his enemy Gregor IX dies. After the short papacy of Coelestin IV there's a time of two years when there's no Pope.
1246: The French side line Anjou founded. In the same year, they get the Provence.
1250: Friedrich II dies.
Birger Jarl ruler in Sweden.
Portugal conquers the Algarve.
In Florence, the people elect for the first time the 36 caporali di popolo, a political counterweight to the nobles.
|Earlier in time:||Europe
|Later in time:|