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Ethnic groups of Africa (Without Islam)

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The ethnic groups of Africa number in the thousands, each generally having its own language (or dialect of a language) and culture. The ethnolinguistic groups include various Afro-Asiatic, Indo-European, Khoisan, Niger-Congo and Nilo-Tenerean populations.

Overview

The official population count of the various ethnic groups in Africa has in some instances been controversial because certain groups believe populations are fixed to give other ethnicities numerical superiority (as in the case of Nigeria's Hausa, Fulani, Yoruba and Igbo people). The following ethnic groups number ten million people or more:

Central Africa

{| class="wikitable sortable" |- ! Name ! Family ! Language ! Region ! Country ! Population (million) ! Notes |- |[[Aka people|Aka]] || Nilo-Saharan, Pygmy ||[[Aka language|Aka]] |||Central/Northern|| Western [[Central African Republic]], Northwest [[Republic of the Congo|Congo]] || || The Aka are one of three groups of [[pygmy|pygmies]], collectively called [[BaMbuti]], of the [[Ituri Rainforest]] |- |[[Baka (Congolese-Sudanese ethnic group)|Baka]] || Pygmy ||[[Baka language|Baka]] |||Central/Northern|| [[Western Equatoria]] in [[South Sudan]] || 0.25 || There is also another ethnic group called [[Baka people (Cameroon and Gabon)|Baka]] living across West Africa. |- |[[Banda people|Banda]] || Niger-Congo, Ubangian|| [[Banda language]]|| Chad Basin || Central African Republic<ref name="The World Factbook: Central African Republic">{{cite web|url=https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ct.html|title=The World Factbook: Central African Republic|accessdate=2013-12-31|work=[[World Factbook]]|publisher=[[Central Intelligence Agency]]}}</ref> || 1.5 || |- |[[Chewa people|Chewa]] || Niger–Congo, Bantu||[[Chichewa language|Chichewa]] |||Central/Southern || [[Botswana]], [[Malawi]], [[Mozambique]], [[Namibia]], [[Tanzania]], [[Zambia]], [[Zimbabwe]] || 9|| |- |[[Chokwe people|Chokwe]] || Niger–Congo, Bantu ||[[Chokwe language|Chokwe]] ||Central||Angola, Congo (Kinshasa), Zambia||1.1 || |- |[[Efé]] || Nilo-Saharan, Pygmy ||[[Efe language|Efe]] |||Central/Northern|| [[Ituri Rainforest]] of [[Republic of the Congo|Congo]] || || The Efe are one of three groups of [[pygmy|pygmies]], collectively called [[BaMbuti]], of the [[Ituri Rainforest]] |- |[[Gbaya people|Gbaya]] || Niger-Congo, Ubangian|| [[Gbaya language]]|| Chad Basin || Central African Republic<ref name="The World Factbook: Central African Republic"/> || 1.5 || |- |[[Kongo people|Kongo]]|| Niger–Congo, Bantu||[[Kongo language|Kongo]] || Central || Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Republic of the Congo|| 10 || |- |[[Kanuri people|Kanuri]] || Nilo-Saharan, Western Saharan || [[Kanuri language|Kanuri]] || Chad Basin ||Nigeria,<ref name="The World Factbook: Nigeria"/> Niger,<ref name="The World Factbook: Niger"/> Cameroon,<ref name= "Peter Austin"/> Chad<ref name="The World Factbook: Chad"/> || 10 || |- |[[Lingala]]|| Niger–Congo, Bantu ||[[Lingala]] || Central || Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Angola, Central African Republic|| || |- |[[Luba people|Luba]]|| Niger–Congo, Bantu ||[[Luba-Kasai]], [[Luba-Katanga]] || Central || Democratic Republic of the Congo || 13 || |- |[[Kotoko people|Kotoko]]|| Afro-Asiatic, Chadic||[[Lagwan language|Lagwan]] || Chad Basin || Cameroon, Chad || < 1 || |- |[[Mbunda people|Mbunda]]|| Niger–Congo, Bantu ||[[Mbunda language|Mbúùnda]], [[Mbunda language|Chimbúùnda]], [[Mpuono language|Mpuun]] || Central || [[Angola]], [[Zambia]] || 0.5 || |- |[[Northern Mbundu people|Mbundu]]|| Niger–Congo, Bantu ||[[North Mbundu language|Kimbundu]] || Central || Angola || 2.4 || |- |[[Batibo|Moghamo]] || Niger-Congo, Southern Bantoid || [[Meta' language|Moghamo]] || Central/West || [[Cameroon]], [[Southern Cameroons]] || 0.018 || |- |[[Mongo people|Mongo]]|| Niger–Congo, Bantu ||[[Mongo language|Mongo]] || Central || Democratic Republic of the Congo || 12 || |- |[http://www.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?rog3=CM&peo3=19286 Ngamambo] || Niger-Congo, Southern Bantoid || [[Meta' language|Ngamambo]] || Central/West || [[Cameroon]], [[Southern Cameroons]] || 0.011 || |- |[[Ovimbundu]]|| Niger–Congo, Bantu ||[[South Mbundu language|Umbundu]] || Central || Angola || 4.6 || |- |[[Sara people|Sara]] || Nilo-Saharan, Central Sudanic || [[Sara languages|Sara]] || Chad Basin || Chad,<ref name="The World Factbook: Chad"/> Cameroon,<ref>Stefan Goodwin, Africas Legacies Of Urbanization (2006),p. 191, books.google.com/books?isbn=0739133489:"...and further west the even more numerous Sara [western Central African Republic, southern Chad, and northern Cameroon."</ref> Central African Republic<ref>Peoples of Africa: Burkina Faso-Comoros - Volume 2 (2001), p. 86, books.google.com/books?isbn=076147160X:"The Central African Republic is a land of many different peoples... The Sara (SAHR) live in the grain-growing lands of the north as well as across the border in Chad."</ref> || 3.5 || |- |[[Sua (people)|Sua]] || Nilo-Saharan, Pygmy ||[[Sua language|Sua]] |||Central/Northern|| [[Ituri Rainforest]] of [[Republic of the Congo|Congo]] || || The Sua are one of three groups of [[pygmy|pygmies]], collectively called [[BaMbuti]], of the [[Ituri Rainforest]] |- |[[Zande people|Zande]]|| Niger–Congo, Ubangian ||[[Zande language|Zande]] || Chad Basin || South Sudan,<ref name="The World Factbook: South Sudan">{{cite web|url=https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/od.html|title=The World Factbook: South Sudan|accessdate=2013-12-31|work=[[World Factbook]]|publisher=[[Central Intelligence Agency]]}}</ref> Central African Republic<ref name="The World Factbook: Central African Republic"/>|| 1-4 || |- |[[Zaghawa people|Zaghawa]]|| Nilo-Saharan, Eastern Saharan||[[Zaghawa language|Zaghawa]] || Chad Basin || Chad, Sudan || < 1 || |- |}

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