የኢትዮጵያ ንጉሠ ነገሥት መንግሥተ
Ethiopian Empire
Timeline: Principia Moderni II (Map Game)
Flag of Ethiopia (1897-1936; 1941-1974) Imperial Coat of Arms of Ethiopia
Flag Coat of Arms
Ethiopia Location (PM II)
Ethiopia located in brown

ኢትዮጵያ ጠራራ የሷ ጨበጠ አሳፈረ እግዜር (Amharic, Ge'ez, Tigray)
("Ethiopia Stretches Her Hands unto God")

Capital Gondar
Largest city Gondar
Other cities Axum, Adafa, Lalibela, Wofla, Massawa
Language Amharic, Ge'ez, Tigray
Religion Orthodox Christianity, Islam
Ethnic Groups
  others Amhara, Tigray
Demonym Ethiopian
Government Autocratic monarchy
  legislature Crown Council
Emperor Gebre-Mariam II
Dejazmach Eskinder Taddese
Established 1137
Independence from the Caliphate
  recognized 1585

The Ethiopian Empire (የኢትዮጵያ ንጉሠ ነገሥት መንግሥተ), is a nation located in East Africa.


Rule of Fekadu I (1450–1479)

In 1450, Emperor Jara Fekadu began centralizing power into his hands to gain greater control over the empire, and keep the ras' of Ethiopia from gaining to much power and toppling him. He ordered the expansion of the empire to the north toward the Red Sea to re-establish Ethiopia's lost naval might when it was known as the Aksumite Empire. In 1452, the emperor ordered the invasion of Adal, taking 750 sq km of land within the first few months. In the process, Jara Fekadu made the tactical decision to send his most rebellious ras' into combat to die in the fighting, thus coming up with the perfect way to gain more power for himself. In 1454, Ethiopia captured Harer, and gained 900 km of lands for themselves in the process. Numerous castles were constructed in the north that same year to deter a possible Mamluk invasion from the north.

In 1456, Emperor Fekadu authorised the reconstruction of the port city of Massawa, and in the east, gained 1000 km of land. The capture of the Adal capital in 1457 was major blow to the sultanate, and the fleeing of the sultan himself the year before spelled certain doom for the surviving Adal forces. Fekadu ordered the colonization of Eritrea in 1458, with establishment of numerous settlement in the region. However, in the conquered regions of Adal, the emperor orders the mass culling Muslims in those lands, killing of thousands, and sending Imperial officials there to begin overseeing the cultural assimilation of the surviving inhabitants. The empire expands its road system that year, linking important cities such as Massawa to Asmara. In 1461, the Ethiopians battle against the Adal forces once again, this time bringing gunpowder weapons into fight, and slaughtering many of the Adal warriors.

Fekadu I ordered the centralization of the economy to better control the spread of wealth, and increase the standard of living for his subjects. In 1462, the imperial armies pushed deeper into Adal, making gains there and spreading Christianity as they went. The Ethiopians set their sights on establishing a second port in Eritrea, and began a second colonization effort to do so. The emperor announces later that year Ethiopia would re-organize its system of trade, and most importantly, begin missionary work to spread the news of the One True Faith to the tribal lands that surrounded the empire. In 1464, the empire introduced cannon purchased from Europe into its armies, and continued the expansion of the road system and schooling in Ethiopia. The war with Adal went well that year, though in 1466, the royal court grew restless with the then 14-year long conflict, and demanded a swift end to the fighting.

This resulted in the emperor's request to seek a peaceful end to the war, and begin preparations to marry his eldest daughter off the Adal sultan. That same year, the imperial road system and the education programs in the empire were established, allowing swift movement throughout Ethiopia, and the access of general education for the peasantry. In 1469, the Ethiopians officially ceased their offensive in Adal, and sought the establish Adal as a vassal of the empire. The nearly 20-year conflict was draining Ethiopia's coffers and manpower, and was interfering with the emperor's ability to modernize his nation. Colonization efforts in Eritrea, however, were continuing without halt, with the colonization of 1500 km of land, and establishment of dozens of towns and villages to feed the region's new inhabitants.

That same year, the Ethiopians began work on building a navy for the empire, one which they had not had since the age of Axum. In 1471, the empire built a cannon foundry outside the capital city of Gondar, allowing it to produce artillery locally and cheaply. Also, Fekadu finally married his daughter off to the sultan of Adal once she had come of age. In 1473, the Emperor founded the University of Axum, and expanded the empire deeper into Eritrea. The empire continued to expand until 1475, when the Ethiopians amassed a huge army for their invasion of Adal. The Omanis threatened to invade Ethiopian, though the rest of the Caliphate couldn't decide what to do, allowing Ethiopia to establish a naval force the next year. In the last year of his reign, Emperor Fekadu I managed to establish an alliance with the Zulu, linking the two nations through trade.

Rule of Jara I (1479–1503)

Upon the death of his father, Iyasu Jara inherited the throne, and began work on continuing his father's modernization efforts. The Emperor continued the development of a navy, officially establishing the Imperial Ethiopian Navy as military force of the empire in 1479. In 1480, the Ethiopians received a delegation from the Zulu wishing to continue their trade alliance. Two years later in 1482, the Ethiopians established permanent relations with the Zulu Kingdom, bringing the two empires close together despite the vast distance between them. The empire continued to expand into Eritrea as time passed, bringing the Christian faith with as they went. In 1485, the Ethiopians sent diplomats to Oman and Yemen to establish trade links with them, yet no response was ever given.

In 1486, the Ethiopians were contacted by the Europeans hailing for the lands of Naples, bringing many gifts for their Christian brothers upon reaching their lands the next year. The Neapolitan explorers opted to remain in Ethiopia with the blessings of Emperor Jara I, and sent news of their work back home. In 1487, the Ethiopians began another wave of aggressive colonization in Eritrea, spreading the Christian faith more vigorous than before. In 1489, the Emperor commissioned Ethiopian subjects to begin exploring the lands to west of the empire, and learn of the riches they could gain. Many churches were built in Eritrea that years, aiding to spread the one true faith in the lands. In 1493, the Ethiopians began their third invasion of Adal, once again seeking to crush the Muslim kingdom.

The Ethiopians send their first diplomatic envoy to Europe in 1494, and begin in full their invasion of Adal. In 1497, the Ethiopians under Jara I gain assistance in their efforts from Hindustan, and open a trade route between the two empires. The Ethiopians begin blockading the ports of Adal in 1498, starving many of the subjects living there. The trade route between Ethiopia and Hindustan from the last years begins to see the delivery of spices from Hindustan to Ethiopia. The Ethiopians and Hindustani forces work closely together to combat the Adalese forces, and in 1501, saw a number of major victories for their side. In 1502, the Ethiopians continued their march into Adal with few gains. With the war with the Adal slowing down, the Ethiopians began colonization of Eritrea once more. In 1503, Emperor Jara I passed away in his sleep.

Rule of Iyasu I (1503–1537)

In the nine years following the death of Emperor Iyasu Jara, Amduka Iyasu becomes the new ruler, but is too young to lead, leaving the Crown Council in charge of the nation. Over those years, they do little to expand the empire. However, in 1512, Ethiopia expands its borders by 1200 sq km into the east, and move to take Adalese territory as they moved into Adal. However, Adal uses its connections with the Caliphate to warn Ethiopia against further against toward them. Ethiopia does not heed the rump state's threats, and 1520, sends troops into Adal. The next year, the Emperor commissions Ras Alemayehu Belay to search for the island of Madagascar, and bring word of its location home. The Caliphate deems Ethiopia violent despite its own history of destroying entire cultures, and increases its influence in Adal between the years of 1521 and 1529.

When word of the dubious actives of the Caliphate reach the Ethiopian people, they are disgusted and demand war. However, contrary to the people's wishes, the Emperor agrees not to invade Adal again, which angers the people. Though, he does expand and modernize the military further instead, with the navy being the focus of his efforts. The Caliphate, however, continues to spread its tentacles into the region, angering the populace, though this anger is replaced by joy when Ras Alemayehu returns from his journey, bring the news the Emperor had long awaited for. The location of Madagascar is revealed in 1529, and the Emperor calls for the island's colonization by his people, with the first thousand colonists sent to tame the island. In 1530, the colony of Koräbta Däset is established with Ras Alemayehu as the first colonial administrator of the colony.

The colony is expanded 250 sq km that same year, with the priests converting the local natives as they move outwards. In 1532, Koräbta Däset is expanded by 200 sq km, and the colonists move out to aggressively enforce the conversions of the population, aiding the priests as they move. The Imperial lands in Africa are expanded by 1500 sq km in 1533, as the armies march into Sudan in the west. Koräbta Däset is expanded by 250 sq km that year as well, with many conversions too. In 1535, the colony of Koräbta Däset is expanded by 250 sq km, and the Diocese of Yämaygoda Wädäb is established in the colony. The explorer Galal Negussu begins his search for new lands on the other side of the Indian Ocean, taking 300 people with him. The next year, he establishes a trading post on Sri Lanka before continuing his journey eastward.

Reign of Foul I & The Dark Ages (1537–1585)

The short-lived reign of Emperor Foul I saw a brief war with Adal that saw the intervention of meddling Caliphate. The Caliphate vowed to defend the Adalese infidels from Ethiopia, stating that Ethiopia was a "rampaging and aggressive" empire, despite the fact that the Caliphate itself had invaded dozens of nations in the past, and was doing so even at the time of the war. In 1538, the Caliphate invaded Ethiopia, killing many of her soldiers and destroying many of the naval vessels that had guarded the Red Sea for decades. During the invasion, a Caliphate force was sent to the Ethiopian colony of Koräbta Däset, where it obliterated the Ethiopian guards and killed most of the population, committing the act of genocide. Foul fled the nation and never returned, while Dejazmach Ezra Haregewoin fought bravely to defend the capital, though he ultimately died.

During the next 47 years of Caliphate oppression, Ethiopians suffered under the iron-fisted rule of their conquerors, who attempted forcibly convert the populace. The Ethiopians were freed in the end when the Caliphate fell too pieces as its attempts to control the known world came to a pathetic end, and the Caliphate forces in Ethiopia scurried away to protect to remaining ashes of their failed empire. Though Ethiopia's military might was exhausted by the occupation, it was rebuilt using new technologies learned over the many decades before Caliphate dominance. Also, the Ethiopian people remained defiant in the face of Caliphate religious oppression, seeing them preach the One True Faith to the land around it. The empire was reclaimed by Foul I's eldest son not killed in the occupation, Mideskso Foul.

Reign of Midesko I (1585–1598)

The entire reign of Midesko I was focused on the rebuilding of Ethiopia, and re-organization of the military so as to never have the empire suffer such a humiliating defeat such as 1538. The emperor ordered order the construction of new navy vessels to compete with the European powers to the west, and the Asian powers to the east. Given that Ethiopia had no navy as its last one was destroyed by the Caliphate, it was in the perfect position to build a new modern one from scratch. Numerous galleons, frigates and fluyts were put into production to replace the navy lost during the occupation. The Ethiopian armies were equipped with modern firearms, cannon, and cavalry trained in European military doctrine, while the military organization of the empire was gutted from the top to bottom.

During the years of Midesko's reign, the empire was beset by a number of catastrophic military blunders. In 1587, the empire a military force was sent to take Madagascar, but failed upon the intervention of the Arabians. Another was sent to take the Swahili city-states the same year, but never managed to take the region. Arabian piracy weakened the empire's military, and stretched its forces thin. The emperor ordered yet another round of military expeditions, including one ill-fated one that saw the defeat of an Ethiopian invasion of Travancore in 1595. On the advise of Dejazmach Fesseha Eskinder, the Emperor ordered a re-organization of the military. The weakened state of the empire under the terror of the Caliphate saw the empire's forces greatly weakened to the point of intense dishonor of the nation they served.

Midesko I stated that the empire needed to continue its modernization programs, and focus on military rehabilitation instead of conquest. This came to a head with the plan to send explorers beyond the Indian Ocean given that the Ethiopians had far too long been focusing on the regions around them instead of beyond them. The empire remained mostly quiet throughout the final years of Midesko I, with the last years focused on preparing his son, Iyasu II for the responsibilities of the throne. Until that time, the empire continued with modernization programs, and continued its research of technologies and the expansion of the economy. Ethiopia continued to expand, and plans to invade Madagascar remained on the table until the death Midesko in 1598.

Reign of Iyasu II (1598–1621)

Upon the death of Midesko I and Iyasu II's ascension to the throne, Ethiopia's policies of expansion continued unaltered in the wake of the imperial throne's changing hands. Iyasu II's reign was marked by his cautious development of the empire's resources, and his largely defended refusal to go to war for much of his reign. Little action during the beginning of his rule was to be found. He had a trading post established in Malaysia, and knowing the record of the Arabians, ordered the construction of larger, better armed navy vessels to fend off invasion from Arabia. In 1607, the colony of Yäwah Wäjäb was founded in West Africa, as part of the empire's plans to expand in Africa following their numerous defeats overseas. Iyasu gave the order to begin attacking Arabian vessels by way of piracy after they had done the same during his father's reign.

Following the founding of Yäwah Wäjäb, little else was done in the empire, with the exception of expanding the empire's sole colony. That was until Iyasu gave the order to invade Adal in 1616, with initial victories throughout the kingdom. After the empire's victory against Adal, although rather limited, the empire established a second colony in Angola, called Wärqama, in 1618. For the rest of Iyasu's reign, he enforced peace and security in the empire, keeping war away from Ethiopia, and expanding its colonies in the process. Famed for the peace that he kept, Iyasu knew that his subjects hadn't the stomach for war after the disasters of his father's and those of his grandfathers, which handed Ethiopia into the hands of the Caliphate.

Reign of Dawit I (1621–1654)

Dawit I's reign was marked by his desire to gain more knowledge of science and the arts for Ethiopia following his father's death in 1621. He sent Ethiopia's best and brightest students to Europe to learn in their universities and military leaders, and return to Ethiopia to teach their fellow people of the things they learned abroad. In the reign of the empire, the Patriarch of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church had several branches of the church created in the colonies to accommodate the large Ethiopian populations in the regions. It was under Dawit that the first collaboration with Orissa in the field of scientific study begin, a level of co-operation that saw Indian culture and language spread throughout the empire and the development of a hybrid culture of Ethiopian and Indian design.

Ethiopia continued to develop its scientific base, sending more of its learners abroad into Orissa for aid in developing their technologies, and to learn more of Indian culture. The empire continued to expand, and the level of power held by Ethiopia began to grow for the first time in decades. Also, for the first time in the nation's history, Ethiopia produced an excess of food staving off famine and allowing for the expansion of the imperial population in 1630. With Orissan help, Ethiopia utilizes coal for use in their steam turbines which help spearhead the advance in mining technologies. This in turn allows for the increase industrial production in the empire. Ethiopia focuses for much of Dawit's early reign on establishing strong ties with Orissa, and expanding its technological power.

In 1632, a breed of seeds that could survive on little water were sent to Orissa's leader to improve the faith of the Orissans that Ethiopia was making progress and that the alliance was bearing fruit. This was also done to help combat the famine in India that was taking the lives of thousands of Orissan subjects. In the mid-1630s, Ethiopia began influencing the Adalese government in preparation for a renewed series of conflicts. Likewise, the same was taking place in the Nubian kingdom, where the Ethiopians had much at stake in claiming the resource rich region. In Asia, the invasion of the Filipino city-states was approved by the Emperor in 1638, leading to the conquest of the northern Philippine Islands by Ethiopia with Orissan aid.

A non-aggression pact with the Somali Sultanate was signed the same year as the invasion of the Philippines, and the establishment of a new church by Ethiopia in the recently conquered islands done the same year as well. Ethiopia continued spreading influence into Nubia, baptising the King of Nubia in 1640. Ethiopia expands its road networks, and signed an alliance with Christianized Sudan in 1642. Christianization of Adal and Maynila began in 1643, and saw large numbers of the population in both convert. Dawit orders the creation of a general education system modeled off of Orissa, and orders the final conquest of Adal in 1646. Adal is conquered, the expansion of Christianity under Ethiopian rule begins.

Upon divided Adal between Ethiopia and the successor state, the development of the education system continues and the road network expanded. In the final years of Dawit's reign, general education was spread to all Ethiopians in the empire, and conversion of the Kitara and Acehese populations reached their apex. Rifling was expanded upon in Ethiopia, and the development of larger gunsmitheries in the empire pushed ahead to provide Ethiopia with more gunpower weapons. In the final year of Dawit's rule, he was present at a celebration marking the victory of general education were free access to all Ethiopians. Food security had been accomplished, and military re-organization completed. Dying in his sleep, Dawit I was to be held as Ethiopia's greatest emperor.

Reign of Foul II (1654–1678)

Taking over after his father's death in 1654, Foul II found himself having to live in the shadow of his father's previous reign, one of which was considered the greatest in the empire's history. He continued to progress his father's policies and even saw the baptism of Kitara's ruler in 1656. However, slacking off in the first years of his reign, Foul was largely inactive, and saw he back off on expansion and conversion, focusing most of his attentions on the development of Adal. He did however send troops to back Orissa's invasion of Delhi in 1659, and equipped most of Ethiopia's line infantry with standard rifles in response to Chinese aggression, in which he received aid from Orissa in response to his previous aid to them the same year.

In 1660, Foul ordered the invasion Yemen which was aided by the Orissans and the Arabians, the latter of which caused an up roar in Ethiopia due to the nation's past attacks on Ethiopia during the Caliphate era. Expansion of Maynila and Adal continued under Foul's reign, and Yemen was brought to heel by the Ethiopian-led invasion of the nation. Continuation of the Orissan-aided scientific studies began following the conquest of Yemen, and the expansion of the colonies were continued under Foul. Influencing of Aceh was spearheaded by the Emperor, but the Ethiopians gave up on the project due to the interference of the Netherlands and their allies in the region.

Development of an Indo-Ethiopian language begins yet again in Ethiopia as scientists sent to Orissa return with their families and the language they learned while abroad. Hindi begins to dominate Ethiopia as a second language, with signs now including Hindi on them. The colonies continue to expand and the development of new technologies with Orissan help continues. Ethiopia sends additional troops to Orissa in their second war on the subcontinent. Foul begins re-organizing the government so as to get merchants into the imperial government to assist with the development of the Ethiopian colonies abroad.

The growth of the new territories continued under the administration of Foul II, and the continued attempts to influence Aceh continued as well. Ethiopia and Orissa tightened their research and development teams so as to increase the pace at which discoveries were made, and the growth of the Hindi-Amharic hybrid language continued under the guidance of Foul. Foul focused on developing the middle class of Ethiopia, and sought to move them into government positions to weaken the power of the nobility. Expansion of the transportation system and the development of the ports of the empire continued as well. By the time of his death, Foul had pushed the middle-class of Ethiopia into powerful positions, and removed the nobility from his courts, replacing them with merchants.

Reign of Abay I (1678–1692)

Upon the death of his father, Abay I took over the empire which was now classified as a mercantile republic, with the merchants and the large middle-class of the empire governing the nation. In the far-flung regions of the empire, the government saw fit to expand the education systems there to include Amharic as a major language and Ethiopian ethics as important learning points. Khmer Koch was quick to accept Ethiopian beliefs and teachings, and was quickly Ethiopified by its masters. In 1679, Abay oversaw the vassalization of Warsangali, bringing the Somali state into the empire. Given the fact that the government was more decentralized under Abay's rule, it turned from a republic into a federation, granting the emperor more powers, but giving the vassals more control over their internal affairs.

The widespread colonization of the vassals by Ethiopians saw a shift in language culture under Abay's reign, with tens of thousands of Ethiopians moving overseas to the new lands under Ethiopia's control. The population of Adal and Warsangali began to suffer from Ethiopification as their populations were slowly replaced by those of ethnic Ethiopians. The same was true of Yemen and Khmer Koch. In 1681, the government officially classified Hindi as a secondary language in Ethiopia, and the teaching and spread of Hindi came to become a major factor in the growth of Ethio-Orissan relations. In 1682, progressive economic and political reforms took place, with the expansion of the Ethiopian economy to compensate for the growth in the Ethiopian population.

Ethiopia continued to expand its holdings, and in 1684, most of the population was considered "well-to-do" by the government. A massive cathedral was built over a demolished mosque in Adal's capital Harer, both as a sign of progress and the prevailing norm where Ethiopian Christians were replacing the Adalese Muslims en masse as the dominant force in Adal. With the complete removal of the Ethiopian nobility by Abay, he encouraged the growth of pro-business politics and the expansion of Ethiopian trade overseas. Ethiopia's growth continued, especially after the death of Abay in 1692. His legacy, though not the equal of his grandfather, Dawit I, did herald the growth of Hindi culture in Ethiopia, and the death of Adalese nationalism, as well as the death of Islam in Ethiopia.

Reign of Foul III (1692–1731)

Taking over Ethiopia in 1692, Foul III was quick to begin building upon the work of his father, beginning with the vassalization of Sudan in 1692, and annexing it into Ethiopia proper in 1697. This was the largest single territorial gain of Ethiopia in its history, and has never been surpassed since. Foul oversaw the construction of hybrid Ethiopian and Orissan buildings in Ethiopia, and establishment of an open port treaty with Orissa in 1693. Khmer Koch lost many ethnic Khmers as the Ethiopians moved into the vassal to exploit the rich farmlands of the nation, and the conversion of the population to Christianity took a more aggressive pace under Foul's rule. The empire expanded swiftly as Foul's administrative skills allowed Ethiopia to quickly and effectively annex many territories into the empire.

The colonies became more productive, and the vassals more Ethiopian in culture and language. Ethiopia established diplomatic relations with the Selk'nam of Antilla in 1697, and gave the orders to expand the navy to larger, more powerful ships. Foul attempted to purchase the Italian colony on the Horn of Africa, but was denied the request by the Italian leadership. At the turn of the century in 1700, Ethiopia established two colonies on Australia; Borona and Koräbta Däset, the latter named after the first Ethiopia colony established outside of Ethiopia, but later destroyed by the Caliphate in the 1500s. In Sudan, the teaching of Amharic became compulsory, though the teaching of Arabic was allowed upon reaching the sixth grade of schooling.

Ethiopia began construction of hundreds of resevoirs throughout the empire to combat potential drought, doing so with the aid of the Orissans who had done so in their own lands years prior to Ethiopia. Ethiopia took part in the global war started by the Koori Union in 1700, and later annexed the Maori Union into the empire as well as taking Tasmania for the empire. Parts of Persia were occupied but later relinquished to the Italians upon learning the difficulty with which it would be to occupy the land. Most of Adal was transformed into Ethiopian lands by the time of 1704, given the strong presence forced upon the nation by Ethiopia.

The empire's growth was largely unchallenged, with many areas colonized and turned into Ethiopian territories without much of a fight. In 1707, Adal was declared wholly Ethiopian, with half of Yemen considered Ethiopian as well. Ethiopia began courting the favor of Yorubaland in 1708, and proceded to dominate the kingdom's foreign policies. In 1709, Ethiopia and China agreed to a territorial treaty in which the Chinese would turn their colony in the northern half of Luzon over to Ethiopia in exchange for a non-aggression pact. Foul was quick to accept the exchange after much thought on the matter, and the Chinese colony was absorbed into the vassal of Maynila in 1710, and the official incorporation taking place in 1711. The transformation of the Maori Kingdom's culture into that of Ethiopian culture began was well, and the movement of Ethiopians to Tasmania took place for much of Foul's reign.

The total modernization of the empire took place under Foul's leadership, with the capital of the empire turned into a gun foundry for the military. The vassalization of Yorubaland was completed in 1713, and the massive colonization of the empire's Pacific territories saw the development of a majority Ethiopian population. In 1715, Ethiopia invaded Kitara, but failed to bring the kingdom into the empire. Ethiopia developed shapnel in 1716, honing their metallurgy skills into a deadly art of war. As the years progressed, Ethiopia learned of Arabia's preparing for war but not its target. Though not taking interest in the matter it would become greatly important in the following years.

As it would turn out, Arabia declared war on Ethiopia in 1720 as part of its intent to expand into Yemen. Foul immediately ordered the mobilization of the military for war, unaware that his previous conflict in Kitara had weakened the military. For the entire period between 1720 and 1728, Ethiopia expanded the military and economy to cope with the conflict, but to no avail. Yemen, backed by Germany, Wales, the Dimurats, the Mayans, the Dutch and the Bavarians, beat down Ethiopia and Orissa as the two attempted to turn the tide of the war to their favor. In the end, Ethiopia was forced to cede Yäwah Wäjäb, Wärqama, Warsangali, Khmer Koch, the Maori Kingdom, and Tasmania to its enemies. This would be the greatest loss of land in Ethiopian history, more so than even the defeat by the Caliphate.

Following the horrendous defeat in the second world war, Ethiopia adopted an "Africa first" policy, where it sought to turn its eyes back home to focus on expanding its remaining holdings on the continent. Dealing with the refugee crisis as the Ethiopians from abroad fled the capture of their lands, Ethiopia's population increased from 25 million to 30 million overnight. Focusing on Ethiopian interests at home and the overpopulation as a result of the defeat took its toll on Foul's health, confining him to bed most of the day. It is widely acknowledged the Foul III's reign was by far the most unforunate in Ethiopia's history since the reign of his forefather, Foul I, who surrendered Ethiopia into the hands of the Caliphate.

Foul III's rule saw the complete destruction of everything Dawit I had built, and his descendants had strived to preserve. Many do agree that the loss of so much territory wasn't Foul's fault, as it was Arabia that invaded Ethiopia first, and he did all he could to marshal support for his side. Dying in 1731, Foul was depressed, unhappy, and suicidal at times, aware of the loss he was incapable of preventing. His death was greatly mourned, as many Ethiopians acknowledged the fact that he had done all he could to preserve the empire, and fought with all he had so as not to fail his great-grandfather's name.

Reign of Bikila I (1731–1745)

Reign of Abdel-Alim I (1745–1760)

Reign of Bikila II (1760–1797)

Reign of Ezedine I (1797–1830)

Reign of Gebre-Mariam I (1830–1900)

Emperor Gebre-Mariam I marries Maharani Induvadana of the United Maharajya, following his proposal to her after the two spent time together during Induvadana's tour of his empire.

Major Cities

Gondar is the imperial capital, and the holy city of Ethiopia is Axum, Other cities include Adafa, Lalibela, Wofla, Fremona, and Massawa. Harar was captured after more than twenty years of fighting, and currently used as the administrative capital of the Harari province. The colony of Borona is home to a single city which serves as a major port and industrial center. The cities of Adal have since fallen to the Ethiopian armies, providing them with many new homes and slaves for the empire's growth. Following the conquest of Adal, Yemen was conquered with the aid of the United Maharajya and the Arab Federation, leading the addition of the cities of Sana'a and Aden to the imperial domain.

In the Far East, the cities of Manila and Can Tho were added to the Ethiopian Empire, and developed into important trade centers. Baguio in the vassal of Maynila is the second-largest city in the kingdom, serving as a major military industrial center for the Maynilan military forces serving Ethiopia. Mombasa and Mogadishu are important port cities having not lost any of their power following their surrendering to Ethiopian forces in the late-1600s. Mombasa is home to the Imperial Southern Fleet in the Indian Ocean, and caters to the military needs of the fleet. The Imperial Asiatic Fleet is stationed out of Manila.

International Relations


  • Zulu Kingdom (DESTROYED)
  • United Maharajya (since 1497)
  • Kingdom of Naples (since 1486)
  • Kingdom of Bavaria (since 1523)


  • Adal Caliphate (DESTROYED)
  • The Caliphate (DESTROYED)
  • Arabian Federation (since 1720) (ACTIVE)
  • Germany (since 1720) (ACTIVE)
  • Welsh Kingdom (since 1720) (ACTIVE)
  • Mayan Empire (since 1720) (ACTIVE)


The majority of the population is Christian, and speak Amharic as their first language. Ge'ez is still used for writing, but has fallen out favor in recent years, though the clergy still uses it for writing religious texts. A hybrid version of Amharic, blended with Hindi is growing to become a major language in Ethiopia and her realms. Hybrid Ethiopian-Orissan architecture has grown to dominate some of the large cities in Ethiopia, while native designs continue to dominate the cities of Ethiopian vassals. In regions where little urbanization has taken place, such as Tasmania and the Southern Maori Kingdom, the blend culture of Ethiopia and Orissa have taken root, and the teachings from both kingdoms have come to since replace those of the native lands.


The empire is ruled by an autocratic monarch. There is the Emperor who is the head of state and government, and then there is the Dejazmach, who oversees military operations in the name of the Emperor.

List of Emperors

  • Emperor Jara Fekadu (1450–1479)
  • Emperor Iyasu Jara (1479–1503)
  • Emperor Amduka Iyasu (1503–1537)
  • Emperor Foul Amduka (1537–1538)
  • Caliphate Governors (1538–1585)
  • Emperor Mideskso Foul (1589–1598)
  • Emperor Iyasu Midesko (1598–1621)
  • Emperor Dawit Iyasu (1621–1654)
  • Emperor Foul Dawit (1654–1678)
  • Emperor Abay Foul (1678–1692)
  • Emperor Foul Abay (1692–1731)
  • Emperor Bikila Foul (1731–1745)
  • Emperor Abdel-Alim Bikila (1745–1760)
  • Emperor Bikila Abdel-Alim (1760–1797)
  • Emperor Ezedine Bikila (1797–1830)
  • Emperor Gebre-Mariam Ezedine (1830–1900)

List of Dejazmachs

  • Kiros Bayissa (1450–1477)
  • Milion Sirak (1477–1501)
  • Yifter Yekuno-Amlak (1501–1532)
  • Ezra Haregewoin (1532–1538)
  • Caliphate Governors (1538–1585)
  • Fesseha Eskinder (1589–1600)
  • Eskinder Taddese (1600–1617)
  • Ejigu Ato (1617–1634)
  • Jamal Kumsa (1634–1671)
  • Workneh Jamal (1671–1693)
  • Zelalem Tekle-Mariam (1693–1720)
  • Sirak Haregewoin (1720–1735)
  • n/a (1735–1780)
  • n/a (1780–1786)
  • n/a (1786–1802)
  • n/a (1802–1815)
  • n/a (1815–1817)
  • n/a (1817–1840)


Map Vassal Established OTL Location Notes
175px Adal 1649 Ogaden

Conquered by Ethiopia in 1649, Adal has since been thoroughly Ethiopified by its overseers. Islam and the Adalese population have been completely replaced by Orthodox Christianity and ethnic Ethiopians around the course of nearly a century. Adal is Ethiopia's largest and most powerful vassal, and currently the most trustworthy of its imperial subjects.

175px Yorubaland 1715 Nigeria

Since the loss of Ethiopia's Far East Territories, Yorubaland has become Ethiopia's most far-flung vassal, though it resides on the same continent as Ethiopia itself. Currently populated largely by the native Yoruba people, Ethiopia seeks to replace the population with Ethiopians by the year of 1850.

175px Majeerteen Sultanate 1720 Puntland

Originally held by the Italians, the vassal was given to Ethiopia in exchange for the Ethiopian vassal of Tasmania, latter lost to invaders during the Second Great War (1721–1728). The Majeerteen Sultanate serves as Ethiopia's largest major sea-faring vassal, providing Ethiopia's navy with additional warships when requested.

175px Darfur 1728 Darfur

Darfur is the third major vassal of Ethiopia, bordering the empire on its northern Sudanese territory. Darfur had long been under Ethiopia's influence, with the small nation serving Ethiopia as mercenaries and merchants, but only recently inducted into Ethiopian Empire as a full-fledge vassal.


Map Colony Amharic Name Established OTL Location Notes
Location of Yäwah Wäjäb Yäwah Wäjäb ቦረና 1607 Port-Gentil

The first successful colony of the Ethiopian Empire wsa established in 1606, surpassing that of the failed colony in Madagascar which was destroyed during the Caliphate Era. Yäwah Wäjäb is the second-largest Ethiopian colony in the world.

The colony is currently under occupation by the Netherlands.

Location of Wärqama Wärqama ወርቃማ 1618 Namibe

Established shortly after Yäwah Wäjäb, Wärqama is the second Ethiopian colony established in Africa. It is the third-largest of the Ethiopian colonies, and a major exporter of raw diamonds and spices.

The colony is currently under occupation by the Netherlands.

Location of Msraq Qäsärä Msraq Qäsärä ወርቃማ 1680 East Africa Currently the largest of all of Ethiopia's colonies, and the most profitable as well, Msraq Qäsärä was established out of the conquered Swahili city-states that originally ruled the region. It is home to a large Ethiopian population.
Location of Borona Borona ቦረና 1700 Port Hedland, Western Australia N/A
Location of Koräbta Däset Koräbta Däset ጥቁር ደሴት 1700 Darwin, Northern Territory N/A
175px Dähnnät ደኅንነት 1729 Concepción, Chile N/A
175px Täsfa ተስፋ 1740 Juneau, Alaska N/A

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