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Ethiopian Empire (A Different History)

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Finland iwo jima This A Different History page is a Proposal.


It has not been ratified and is therefore not yet a part of the A Different History Timeline. You are welcome to correct errors and/or comment at the Talk Page. If you add this label to an article, please do not forget to make mention of it on the main Discussion page for the Timeline.


Timeline: A Different History

OTL equivalent: Ethiopia, Eritrea, Southern Sudan, Somalia, Northern Kenya
Flag of Ethiopia (1897-1936; 1941-1974) Coat of arms of Ethiopia
Flag Coat of Arms
550px-Ethiopia (Africa orthographic projection).svg
Location of Ethiopian Empire

Motto
United under god (Ahrimaric)

Anthem "Wodefit Gesgeshi, Widd Innat Ityopp'ya

"March Forward, Dear Mother Ethiopia"."

Capital Addis Ababa
Largest city Asmara
Other cities Juba, Mogadishu
Language
  official
 
Ahrimaric
  others Tigray, Italian
Religion
  main
 
Christianity, Islam, Judaism
  others Buddhism
Ethnic Groups
  main
 
African
  others White, Asian
Demonym Ethiopian
Government Constitutional Monarchy
  legislature Council of Advisors
Emperor Zera Yacob
  Royal house: Solomonic dynasty
Prime Minister Mwai Kibaki
Population 135,000,000 
Currency Birr
Time Zone {{{timezone}}}
  summer GMT+3
Internet TLD .ee
Calling Code 251
Organizations United Nations, East African Alliance, United People of God

The Ethiopian Empire is a nation located in East Africa. It is one of the two most powerful African states and is only rivaled by the United Arabian Republic in the North. It is also one of three states which is a nuclear power but is not a signatory to the NPT.

History

Arrival of Europeans

In 1508 the Portuguese government established permanent relations with the Ethiopian government under Emperor Lebna Dengel. After meeting with the Portuguese ambassador he had a dream in which Jesus, The Prophet Muhammad and Elijah appeared to him, They showed him an image of Ethiopia with a European flag flying over the capital. Fueled by rage when he awoke he set up plans to deal with the inevitable future.

He bought thousands of modern weapons from the Portuguese government and hired European mercenaries to reorganize the Ethiopia army. By 1635 he had an army that was as well equipped as the smaller European nations and had a Regular army the style of which wouldn't be seen anywhere elsewhere for another hundred and fifty years.

Expansion

In 1739 Iyasu II organized a meeting with several Tribal leaders who ruled over the areas immediately surrounding Ethiopia in order to make them swear Allegiance to his crown. However some Tribal leaders refused to bow to his authority and fought against him. They were utterly destroyed by the Imperial Army, later analysts would compare it to the European conquests of Africa as it involved a technologically and military superior nation crushing a group of unorganised tribes.

In 1845 Jesus, The Prophet Muhammad and Elijah appeared to Emperor Yohannes III in a dream. The story of their appearance to Lebna Dengel had been written in the Book of the Emperors which was a chronicle of personal things that each Emperor thought should be passed on to his successors. Yohannes III was told by them to do three thing's, The first was to ensure that he had access to the coast through the east, to ensure that all three were respected by his people and to modernize his army and navy. They warned him that if he failed to this his Empire would fall to powers which would treat his people badly.

As a result of this the Ethiopian Army launched a major offensive against the tribes to the south east of Ethiopia. The Armies offensive was incredibly successful and the first part of the armies offensive reached the coast in the spring of 1850 just four months after it started. After this show of force, the tribes in the area surrendered and agreed to pledge their allegiance to the Ethiopian Emperor.

From 1850 to the war with the Mahdists in South Sudan the Emperor hired European and Ethiopian shipbuilders and mechanics to improve the equipment used by the Imperial Army and Navy. By the 1880's the Imperial Army was well equipped with rifles and artillery while the Imperial Navy had a fleet of eight modern battleships, ten cruisers, fifteen destroyers and twenty frigates although most of these were reaching the end of their lives and the rifles and artillery used by the army were becoming outdated.

Australian Colonies

Sudanese Clashes

The Mahdist regime took control of Sudan in 1881 and began fighting the Ottoman rulers of Sudan and Egypt. The Ethiopian Empire ignored most of this fighting until the Ottomans sent a large force to the south of Sudan. Then the Empire intervened to protect its interests in the region, Imperial Army troops launched a large campaign in opposition to both the Mahdists and the Ottomans. This diversion allowed the Mahdists to consolidate their gains in the west while the Ottomans took control of the North and it allowed the Empire to gain control of the south east.

Wars with Europe

Italy

In 1901 the Kingdom of Italy attacked Ethiopia over the Italian colony of East Africa. Despite a minor technological advantage, the Imperial Army rapidly bought up stocks of Mosin Nagant rifles from its own armories as well as from Finland. Using its experience in Somalia to its advantage the Imperial Army defeated the Italians comprehensively just four miles into Ethiopia.

Italy and Ethiopia clashed against in 1935 when the King of Italy wanted to avenge his countries defeat in the first war. Using the full strength of a modern European nation Italy launched a massive attack against the Empire. Unfortunately for the Italians the Empire was just as well equipped and its pilots were much more experienced than the Italians. The Empire again defeated the Italians but this time it took over two years to finally come to a peace treaty in which the Italians finally relinquished the control of East Africa to independent Tribal leaders.

First World War

Second World War

North African Wars

Suez Crisis

In the Aftermath of the Second World War, Abdel Nasser took control of Egypt in a coup and nationalised the Suez Canal. The European powers decided to intervene and launched a major offensive campaign against Nasser's government, The Ethiopian Empire was worried that the anti-monarchist sentiment could spread south into Ethiopia and the other members of the East African Alliance. The European governments approached Ethiopia to gain its support for their operation which they gladly gave.

Therefore the Imperial Army launched a major offensive operation in the spring of 1951. The Egyptians were concentrating on the threat from the Europeans to the North so the Imperial Army marched practically unopposed up the Nile and into Cairo. The Egyptian Army attempted to launch a desperate counter attack against Imperial Forces for Alexandria but by using Air Power to their advantage the Ethiopians and Europeans bombed the Egyptian army into submission while the diplomats thrashed out a peace deal. In the eventual deal the Egyptians had to give up all of Sudan except the far north and also had to agree to European control of the canal.

1st North African War

In 1964 the UAR was formed out of the North Sudanese state of Nubia and the Egyptian Republic. While the Ethiopian government wasn't concerned by this development they had war forced upon them when the UAR declared war on Libya, one of Ethiopia's allies and a member of the United People of God. This time though the Egyptians were ready for them and the Imperial Army was forced on the defensive as Egyptian armoured units made their way to Addis Ababa in force. The Imperial army launched a major counter attack but was defeated once again.

Unfortunately for the UAR's troops Ethiopia had spent many years and billions of Birr on the development of nuclear weapons. As the UAR's forces moved closer to Addis Ababa debate over their use grew and on June the 24th 1965 a nuclear weapon was detonated over the Arabian forces wiping them out. Although the use of weapons was condemned by UN they were powerless to atop Ethiopia and once again Ethiopian troops were in Cairo. However the Arabians were allowed to keep parts of Libya and there were no territorial concessions forced upon them.

2nd North African War

In 1989 war broke out again between Ethiopia and the UAR, for once Ethiopia was the aggressor and launched a major offensive against the UAR based on intelligence that suggested that the Arabian government was developing nuclear weapons. Imperial Air force bombers attacked Arabian weapons depots in force and armoured and mechanised forces launched a major attack against the Arabians.

In the tradition of several Ethiopia-Arabian wars the Imperial Army made several gains quickly against the Arabians and although the Arabians made several last ditch attempts to stop the Ethiopians with Infantry and 1989 ended yet again with Ethiopian troops in Cairo.

Modern Day

Since the second North African war Ethiopia has established itself as the only Major power in Africa. Although it and the UAR still rival each other Ethiopia still has its dominance and even challenges other Superpowers like the Mughal empire. Recently, however, the UAR has began to make overt support for the Persian terrorists. This has caused greater tensions with Ethiopia and many believe that if the crisis in the Middle East continues another North African war is inevitable but with Ethiopia as strong as ever there is little doubt in most minds over who would win.

Government

Ethiopia is a Constitutional monarchy headed by the Emperor who listens to the advice of the Council of Advisors. The Council is made up of elected members from each of Ethiopia's Tribal groups with the larger groups being subdivided into clans to help prevent a monopoly by a single tribe. Elections are held every four to five years and there are 400 seats on the Council. The elected members are normally part of one of Ethiopia's three major parties and the largest party forms the government which then tells the emperor what laws to enact. The current Emperor is Zera Yacob and the Prime Minister is Mwai Kibaki who leads the Religious Unity Party with the opposition being headed by the Imperial Party and the Communist party.

Military

Ethiopia has one of the six most powerful militaries in the world and the most powerful in Africa. It has a powerful Navy and Air Force and although its Army is small it is well equipped and trained. The Imperial Armed Forces have seen conflict in North Africa several times against the UAR and has also fought in Post-Colonial conflicts in Australia and South East Asia.

Media

There is a strong independent news base in Ethiopia as well as a few government-backed TV stations. The African Star and The Times are the primary newspapers with TV being dominated by the African News Corp and the news channels dominated by the government-backed IBC.

Education

Sport

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