Ethiopia (Amharic: ኢትዮጵያ, ʾĪtyōṗṗyā), officially known as the Ethiopian Empire, is a nation located in the Horn of Africa. Ethiopia shares borders with Somalia to the east, Kenya to the south, South Sudan and Sudan to the west, and maritime borders with Saudi Arabia and North Yemen.
Ethiopia is one of only two nations (the other being Liberia) to have not been colonized by any European Power during the Scramble for Africa. It is most noted for fending off two Italian invasions (the second resulting in the Cession of Italian Eritrea) and its borders saw some of the most violent fighting during Second World War against the German and Italian armies. Following the end of the Second World War, Ethiopia purchased French Somaliland (which France had promised in return for Ethiopian support of the Allies).
The Post-War Era saw massive change within the empire. Prior to the 1956 reforms, Ethiopia was an absolute monarchy (and one of the last in the world). This changed in April of 1956 when protests took place across the Empire with citizens demanding the Emperor to relinquish more power to Parliament. Eventually the structure of the Ethiopian government was changed to be more on par with the United Kingdom (with the Emperor acting as a figurehead with little to no power).
Ethiopia has been described as "The Superpower of Africa", for the huge role it plays in African politics as well as world politics.