England, officially known as the Federal Republic of England, is a northwestern European country located in the British Isles. It is bordered by the English Channel to the south, Celtica by its north and west, the Celtic Sea to the southwest, the Irish Sea to the northwest, and the North Sea to the east. England covers the central and southern parts of the Great Britain island in the North Atlantic. It also includes 100 smaller islands such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.
England is covered will low hills and plains, especially around the central and southern parts of the country. There are highlands, however, especially in the north. These areas include the Lake District, Pennines, and Yorkshire Dales in the north and Dartmoor and the Cotswolds in the southwest. Winchester was once England's capital until London took it over in 1066. Winchester to this day is the country's most populous and largest city in the country. England has a population of 30 million people about 34% live in Winchester, the Southeast and conurbations in the Midlands, the Northwest, and the Northeast, and Yorkshire. The Meadowlands and pastures are found beyond the major cities.
England in the Upper Palaeolithic period was first inhabited by modern humans. A tribe known as the Celts used to dominate the region until the Romans invaded it in AD 43. During the fall of Rome, it had to abandon England since it was too much for the empire to maintain. Eventually, the region fell under a series of invasions from Scandinavia and Germany. The Angles, however, were the region's main dominators during the 5th and 6th centuries, who gave England its name. Once a divided region, it has become a unified state in AD 927. During the Age of Discovery, which was in the 15th Century, England became a powerful country at this point. Its victory over the Spanish Armada in 1588 led the way for English dominance over the seas. English language, law, parliamentary system, and the Anglican Church had have a significant legacy in modern government and culture and is still used to this day. England became Great Britain after taking the whole British Isles. It scored victories against Bourbon France during the War of Spanish Succession and the Seven Years' War, in which they won a lot of territory.
However, England's time of being the main world power would run out. Its defeat in the Napoleonic Wars after the Battle of London in 1809 led the way to French dominance of the world. It suffered even more humiliation after the War of 1812, in which they lost most of their possessions in Africa and the Western Hemisphere. During the Industrial Revolution, England struggled to compete with France and contain its expansion as much as possible. After Great War II, though, England's days of glory has ended, as it was left with Burma, South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand. The country became a republic in the wake of the end of the warm, yet its failure to handle economic problems caused discontent amongst the people. In 1933, however, Oswald Mosley as well as his ideology of Mosleism has taken over the country. Yet it still failed to achieve revenge against France in Great War III.
Eventually, England's humiliating loss in Great War III sealed its fate. After the war, England was split into three occupation zones: Russian in the north, American in the center, and French in the south. The occupiers disagreed about the fate of the country. France wanted it divided to stay weak, yet Russia and America wanted it united for a more secure Europe. This led to the forming of North England and South England. London was also divided by the three occupiers. The London Airlift occurred during 1948 to isolate West Berlin so the French can force Russia and America to either abandon West Berlin or their plan of reuniting England. It was, however, countered with an airlift from the United States forcing the French to back off. During the Cold War, England's new capital was Winchester while Southern England's capital was East London. England was divided for many years until in 1991, France allows South England and East London to join with North England, reunifying the country all together.