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England (Cromwell the Great)

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— Home country in union with the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland
Timeline: Cromwell the Great

OTL equivalent: England
Flag of England Arms of the Protectorate (1653–1659)
Home Nations Commonwealth (CtG)
Location of England (red)
(and largest city)
Other cities Norwich and Bristol
  others Cornish
Church of England
  others Other Protestants and Roman Catholics
Ethnic group European
Demonym English
Government Home country in union with the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland
Lord Protector Henry Cromwell
Area 130,395 km²
Currency Pound sterling

England is a home country that is part of the Commonwealth It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers much of the central and southern part of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic; and includes over 100 smaller islands such as the Isles of Scilly, and the Isle of Wight.


England and Wales are under the full jurisdiction, on all matters, of the Commonwealth Parliament and the State Council, there is no regional administration has in Scotland and Ireland.

Administrative division

The main subdivisions are counties, ridings, parishes, boroughs and county corporate.

English counties 1851 (named)

Map of the English counties.

The English counties are:

  • Bedfordshire
  • Berkshire
  • Buckinghamshire
  • Cambridgeshire
  • Cheshire
  • Cornwall
  • Cumberland
  • Derbyshire
  • Devon
  • Dorset
  • Durham
  • Essex
  • Gloucestershire
  • Hampshire
  • Herefordshire
  • Hertfordshire
  • Huntingdonshire
  • Kent
  • Lancashire
  • Leicestershire
  • Lincolnshire
  • Middlesex
  • Norfolk
  • Northamptonshire
  • Northumberland
  • Nottinghamshire
  • Oxfordshire
  • Rutland
  • Shropshire
  • Somerset
  • Staffordshire
  • Suffolk
  • Surrey
  • Sussex
  • Warwickshire
  • Westmorland
  • Wiltshire
  • Worcestershire
  • Yorkshire

The county corporate are the following, with date of their Letters patent:

  • Borough and Town of Berwick upon Tweed (1551)
  • County of the Town of Bristol (1373, City since 1542)
  • County of the City of Canterbury (1471)
  • County of the Town of Chester (1238/1239, City since 1541)
  • County of the City of Coventry (1451)
  • County of the City of Exeter (1537)
  • County of the Town of Gloucester (1483, City since 1541)
  • Kingston upon Hull, County of Hullshire (1440)
  • County of the City of Lichfield (1556)
  • County of the City of Lincoln (1409)
  • City of London (1132)
  • County of the Town of Newcastle upon Tyne (1400)
  • County of the City of Norwich (1404)
  • County of the Town of Nottingham (1448)
  • County of the Town of Poole (1571)
  • County of the Town of Southampton (1447)
  • County of the City of Worcester (1622)
  • County of the City of York (1396)

During the medieval period many towns were granted self-governance by the Crown, at which point they became referred to as boroughs. The formal status of borough came to be conferred by Royal Charter. These boroughs were generally governed by a self-selecting corporation (i.e., when a member died or resigned his replacement would be by co-option). Sometimes boroughs were governed by bailiffs or headboroughs.


The Church of England is the Protestant national church. Other denominations of importance and followed by part of the population are the Independents or Congregational Churches, Episcopalians, Roman Catholics, Baptists, Quakers and other sects.

The Church of England since 1666 is conjoined polity or Ussher scheme, a via media of church governance. The conjoined polity mandates a synodical form of church government whereby both presbyters and bishops would share the governance of the church. At each level, the bishop (or the rector of the parish) presides over a council of presbyters who offer advice and share in making decisions. All members have equal vote with matters being decided by majority vote. Canon law and church policy are decided by the church's General Synod. It appoints its Bishop-President as Archbishop of Canterbury. The Church of England embraces three orders of ministry: deacons, priests (or presbyters) and bishops. These orders are distinct from positions such as rector, vicar or canon.

The main associations or voluntary associations are the Congregational Fellowship of England, Baptist Union of England, Episcopalian Church of England and Wales, and the London Yearly Meeting (Quakers)

Parliamentary representation

The parliamentary representation of England is the following:

House of Commons Boro'
House of Commons (1654-...) 104 44 2 150 131 242 2 375
House of Commons (after Universities Constituencies Act) 104 44 3 151 131 242 3 376
Senate Total Senators
Senate (1663-...) / / / / 27

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