New Guinea

3 member states of the European Colonial Administration of New Guinea and non-member observer state, USA

Empires of New Guinea is an alternate history timeline that explores what the world would be like, not only if the island of New Guinea and the islands around it remained British, Dutch, and German colonies, but also if Germany had remained as the pre-WW1 German Empire in the context of its political borders and government, and if the whole of Ireland was still under British control.

Pre-Point of Divergence History

European influence in New Guinea began in 1800 when Dutch colonial forces started spreading throughout 

New Guinea (1884-1919)

New Guinea since 1884

what is both in OTL and this timeline present day Indonesia. By 1882, the Dutch had estblished 141st meridian as the eastern border of Netherlands (Dutch) New Guinea (then part of the Dutch East Indies). In 1883, following a short lived French annexation of Neumecklenburg ("New Mecklenburg"), the British colony of Queensland in Australia annexed south-eastern New Guinea. However, the Queensland government's superiors in the United Kingdom revoked the claim, and (formally) assumed direct responsibility in 1884, when the German Empire claimed north-eastern New Guinea as the protectorate of German New Guinea (also called Kaiser-Wilhelmsland). Four years later in 1888, south-eastern New Guinea was formally annexed as British New Guinea. In 1905 the British government transferred some administrative responsibility over southeast New Guinea to Australia (which renamed the area "Territory of Papua"); and in 1906, transferred all remaining responsibility to Australia. During World War I, Australian forces seized German New Guinea.

Point of Divergence

In OTL, German New Guinea became an Australian-controlled League of Nations mandated territory with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles on June 28th, 1919. In the Empires of New Guinea timeline, German colonies elsewhere in the world are given to other nations as League of Nations mandated territories, but due to a partial misunderstanding of the treaty, German New Guinea, the nearby Bismarck Archipelago, and the North Solomon Island of Bougainville Island, are left to remain under German colonial control, thus allowing German New Guinea to be only colony that still belongs to the German Empire. Meanwhile in Europe, the German Empire's lands are diminished, following the same path as OTL Weimar Republic.

World War II

Then on September 1st, 1939, areas of Poland, Lithuania, and Czechoslovakia were invaded by the Imperial German Army, thus starting World War II. The areas of land they invaded matched exactly with those that the German Empire were forced to give up in the Treaty of Versailles, 20 years earlier. It became clear that the German Empire was set on regaining lost lands. Soon after these lands were occupied, German engineers set to work building on super-strong defensive walls and structures along the border that they once had before the end of World War I. The 17 year old nation of the Soviet Union, at the start of the war, was a neutrality, while Britain and France declared war on the German Empire on September 3rd, 1939. Then, on April 9th, 1940, the Imperial German Army invaded Denmark, regaining the northern part of the Schleswig-Holstein mirroring the Danish-German border of 1914. Everywhere they went, every new area land the army had won, the German engineers were never far behind in building the defensive wall to protect their border. On May 10th, later that same year, the German army invaded Belgium, and after a fierce 18 day battle, the Germans had won the Moresnet and Eupen-Malmedy areas of Belgium and as before, the German engineers built the same defensive wall and structures to ensure their gains would not be gone. At the same time on May 10th that the invasion of Belgium was gaining momentum, the Battle of France started. For 42 days, the French and German armies fought fiercely for the Alsace-Lorraine region in north-eastern France. Then on June 22nd, the Imperial German Army decisively won against the French Army, regaining the Alsace-Lorraine region and completing their plans for restoring the German Empire to the borders that it possessed before World War I. The land borders were strengthened by strong defensive walls extending all along the German Empire's borders, from France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands in the west, to Lithuania, Poland, and Czechoslovakia in the east, and from Denmark in the north, to Switzerland and Austria in the south. German New Guinea also followed the same practice of building strong defensive walls to protect its borders. The Baltic states, including Lithuania, were now occupied by the Soviet Union by this time. On December 7th, 1941, while the nations of Britain, France, Belgium, Denmark, Czechoslovakia, and Poland tried to break through Kaiser August Wilhelm's impenetrable wall on the German border, the Empire of Japan launched their surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on the Hawaiian island of Oahu. This attack compelled the previously neutral United States to join the war on the side of the Allies. By 1945, the war in Europe was on the verge of dragging on. Neither the Allies or the German Empire wanted to have that happen. So the Allies felt that they had no choice but to allow the German Empire to maintain its recreated borders. Thus the Allies and the German Empire, on May 8th, 1945, signed the Treaty of Berlin stating that in exchange for allowing the German Empire to retain the borders that held before World War I as well as the colony of German New Guinea, the German engineers with the assistance of their army were to demolish the defensive structures built during World War II with the promise that the other nations of Europe will never attempt to invade Germany. While the war in Europe came to an end, the war in the Pacific was still raging, with the Empire of Japan still defiantly fighting against the United States, Britain, and China. Then, on August 6th, 1945, an atomic bomb, codenamed Little Boy, was dropped and detonated over the Japanese city of Hiroshima. Three days later, on August 9th, 1945, a second atomic bomb, code named Fat Man, exploded over the city of Nagasaki. The Empire of Japan finally came to an unconditional surrender on September 2nd, 1945 after six years of bloody war. Very few knew that a new kind of war was to soon start, a psychological propaganda war fueled by the paranoia and fear of communism. This "cold war" would turn relations between the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and the German Empire from being bitter enemies to being close allies to defend their colonies in New Guinea from the clutches of communism.

Post-WW2 and Present Day

In the years after World War II, relations between the German Empire and the rest of the world began to soften, as the ideas of communism from the Soviet Union began to spread to other parts of the world, such as the countries of Eastern Europe immediately after the war, North Korea in 1948, and China in 1949. It was also in 1949, when the Dutch East Indies ceased to exist as Indonesia was gaining independence, leaving the western half of the island of New Guinea still in Dutch hands in the form of Dutch New Guinea, officially Netherlands New Guinea. At the same time, administrative 

Colonial Maritime Boundaries

Maritime boundaries of the three New Guinea colonies

jurisdiction over the Territory of Papua in south-eastern New Guinea was being transferred from Australia to the United Kingdom, and as a result, the colony is renamed, British New Guinea. In 1950, representatives of the European nations of Britain, the Netherlands, and the German Empire met at a conference in Vienna, Austria to discuss about a political, commercial, and colonial union between the three countries, more specifically over the subject of their colonies in New Guinea. The result of the conference, was a multi-national union called, the Colonial Administration of New Guinea, with Britain, the Netherlands, and the German Empire as its three member states. In 1953, Britain regained the rest of Ireland. In 1956, the United States applied to be a non-member observer state of the Colonial Administration of New Guinea, to which its three European member states agreed, seeing how valuable US military support could be in protecting their New Guinea colonies. In 1962, a meeting between the Colonial Administration of New Guinea and the United Nations was convened at the United Nations Headquarters in New York City. The meeting was to discuss the fate of the New Guinea colonies. At the end of the meeting, Britain, the Netherlands, and the German Empire were irrevocably allowed by the United Nations to maintain their presence in New Guinea and let their colonies remain there forever. Since 1962, the British, the Dutch, and the German people have held onto their colonies on the island of New Guinea. In 1991, with the Cold War over, the Colonial Administration of New Guinea started defending, and still is defending, its New Guinea colonies from the global threat of terrorism. The partnership between Britain, the Netherlands, and the German Empire is still going strong. Their New Guinea colonies still receive military support from the US Government to this day.

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