|Empire of Cygnia|
Semper Eadem (Latin)
Ever the Same
The Song of Cygnia
Maximum extent of Cygnia and her colonies, 1934
|Languages||English, Nyungar, Melayu, Javanese, French|
|Government|| Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy|
Military dictatorship (de facto, 1934–43)
|-||1792 – 1815 (first)||Alexander I|
|-||1933 – 1943 (last)||Ellory I|
|-||1933 – 1943||Franklin J. Heller|
|-||1812 – 1820 (first)||Sir Frederick Northam|
|-||1943 (last)||Max Nielsen|
|-||Upper house||House of Lords|
|-||Lower house||House of Representatives|
|-||Anglo-Dutch War||1664 – 1670|
|-||Declaration of Independence||3 April 1784|
|-||Coronation of Alexander I||5 May 1792|
|-||Constitution||3 April 1793|
|-||Treaty of Versailles||28 June 1919|
|-||Hellerist seizure of power||March – July 1933|
|-||Cygnian Revolution||8 April 1943|
|Today part of||Cygnia|
Not to be confused with the modern Empire of the United Cygnian States.
The Empire of Cygnia, commonly known at the time as Cygnia and distinguished from its successor states as the First Empire, was a sovereign state that occupied the western third of the Australian continent, and also from 1919 onwards the islands of Samudra and Java. The Empire was established by former King Alexander II of the United Kingdom in 1792 following the federation of the Cygnian colonies nine years earlier.
Five of the six Cygnian colonies were originally established by the United Kingdom from 1650 to 1700; the sixth, today Swanstone, Cygnia's capital, is the exception, having been founded by the Dutch as New Rotterdam in 1614.
The colonies that formed the Empire federated in 1784 as the Kingdom of Cygnia, and Swanstone became the seat of King Alexander I's government-in-exile after the French Revolution overthrew him and established the French First Republic. France fought Cygnia in the Cygnian War of Independence beginning in April 1784, but in 1792, the war ended with a Cygnian victory, and Cygnian independence was secured. On 5 May 1792, King Alexander I was crowned Emperor, establishing the First Empire. A constitution was drafted and enacted one year after his coronation on 5 May 1793.
Following independence, Cygnia went through periods of prosperity and decline, and its territory quickly expanded eastward. One of the most notable periods of economic boom for Cygnia began in the early 1840s, when prospectors in multiple locations discovered gold, including at Halls Creek and Kalgoorlie, both of which became huge settlements. Immigration increased dramatically, and the population skyrocketed. In response, infrastructure was also expanded, and the Goldfields Irrigation Pipelines initiative was one of the biggest engineering projects of the mid-19th century. Industrialisation followed swiftly after, and Cygnia became a centre of technological progress.
Cygnia also began to build a colonial empire of its own, appropriating former British colonies in India and Malaya. Ultimately, Cygnia's territories extended to the entire Indian subcontinent, the Malayan archipelago, the Alexandrines and Indochina.
Careful fiscal conservatism following the end of the Second World War by the newly elected National Unity government pushed Cygnia into another economic boom in the 1920s, and in 1924 the treasury saw a surplus for the first time in over forty years. This resulted in the chartering and establishment of new government-owned corporations such as Imperial Cygnian Airways and Cygnia Rail.
On 3 March 1932, Emperor Theodore IV was killed during an imperial tour of India when his plane crashed near Calcutta, killing him, the Empress and his two eldest children, Prince Alexander and Prince Oliver, leaving only his youngest son, 11-year-old Prince Ellory, to take the throne. As he was not of age, and no relatives remained to serve as regent, the Chief of the Cygnian Imperial Army, Marshal Franklin J. Heller, seized power in a coup d'etat, naming himself Regent-General. Heller thereafter organised the creation of the Empire Party to stand for the 1932 federal elections. Using voter intimidation and electoral fraud, the Empire Party won the elections by a landslide, winning 273 of the 300 seats in the House of Representatives. After the election, Heller removed the vast majority of noblemen from the House of Lords and replaced them with his own appointees.
On 8 August 1933, Prince Ellory, who had been under house arrest since the coup, was smuggled out of Swanstone and into rural Malaya by loyalists in the Cygnian Army. By 1943, Cygnia was at war and rapidly losing territory to neighbouring Australie, and frequent protests and political unrest were stamped out with increasing violence by the military, and a underground rebellion had been formed. When Prince Ellory emerged from hiding in the summer of 1943, he publicly declared his support for the Rebellion, and became its symbolic leader. The revolution that followed overthrew the Hellerist government and the failing Empire was replaced with a provisional government.
After the end of World War III, the country was reconstituted as the Empire of the United Cygnian States. The name change was made to "stress the importance of the democratic and federal unity of the Empire and her people". The Second Empire was proclaimed when the Tenth and Eleventh Amendments to the Imperial Constitution were enacted, preventing the military from playing any direct role in government, removing the most significant imperial powers from any future regencies. The House of Lords was also abolished by the Eleventh Amendment, and the House of Representatives served as a unicameral legislature until the establishment of the Senate by the Twelfth Amendment.
The following is a list of all of the Empire's administrative divisions at its height in 1934.
- The Federation – In Cygnian political terminology, the Federation refers to the States of Cygnia. All continental Cygnian lands (those on the Australasian continent) constituted the ten States of the time, and thus also the Federation.
- The Cygnian Raj – The Cygnian Raj was the Cygnian colonial government controlling what is today India.
- Cygnian Indochina
- Cygnian Malaya – The Malay peninsula consisted of a number of separate colonial territories and entities, including:
- Cygnian East Indies