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Official Grand Title
When Napoleon I was emperor, he was simultaneously King of Italy amongst other things. His title was:
His Imperial and Royal Majesty Napoleon I, By the Grace of God and the Constitutions of the Republic Emperor of the French, King of Italy, Protector of the Confederation of the Rhine, Mediator of the Swiss Confederation.
Napoleon II, Maximillian, Napoleon III, Napoleon IV
The Kingdom of Italy was entailed to Napoleon I's stepson, Eugene, and so the references to the kingdom were removed from the title. The attempts to veil the monarchy in "By the Constitutions of the Republic" also disappeared. The new title was:
His Imperial Majesty [name], By the Grace of God and the will of the Nation, Emperor of the French, Protector of the Confederation of the Rhine, and Mediator of the Swiss Confederation.
Napoleon V, VI, and VII
Napoleon V was a descendant of Jerome, brother of Napoleon I, and King of Westphalia. As a result, when he inherited emperorship, Napleon V was also king of Westphalia, which was included into the new title. At the behest of the German and Swiss governments, the titles of protector and mediator were dropped, and replaced with Head of the Council of Europe, thus:
His Imperial and Royal Majesty [name], By the Grace of God and the will of the Nation, Emperor of the French, King of Westphalia, Head of the Council of Europe.
Unfortunately for historians, the addition of the kingship meant that the number of French monarchs named Napoleon was not equal to the number of Westphalian monarchs named Napoleon. Therefore Napoleon V was officially Napoleon V&II. Outside Westphalia however, the emperor-king is usually only referred to by their French number.
List of Emperors
|Napoleon I||1769-1833||2nd December, 1804-1833||Josephine
1796-1809 Marie-Louise 1809-1833
|Napoleon II||1811-1851||1833-1851||Sophie of Bavaria||Son of Napoleon I||The Peacemaker|
|Maximillian||1832-1867||1851-1852||Charlotte of Hapsburg||Son of Napoleon II||The Weakling|
|Napoleon III||1808-1873||2nd December 1852-9th January 1873||Second cousin of Maximillian
Nephew of Napoleon I
|Napoleon IV||1856-1880||9th January 1873-1880||unmarried||Son of Napoleon III||The Beloved|
|Napoleon V||1862-1926||1880-3rd May, 1926||Second cousin of Napoleon IV||The Good|
|Napoleon VI||1914-1997||3rd May, 1926-3rd May, 1997||Son of Napoleon V||The Unlucky|
|Napoleon VII||1950-present||3rd May, 1997-present||Son of Napoleon VI||none|