Henry V (11 August 1086- 1 September 1143) was King of Germany from 1099-1125, and was the fourth ruler from the Salian Dynasty. The biggest part of his rule was the Concordrat of Worms and negoitations with the Pope.
|Archbishop Ruthard of Mainz and Henry V|
|Holy Roman Emperor|
|King of Germany|
|King of Italy|
King consort of England
|Father||Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor|
|Mother||Bertha of Savoy|
|Born||11 August 1086
23 May 1143 (age 57) Chambery, Savoy
On 6 January 1099, his father made him crowned King of Germany and replaced his older brother, Conrad, who constantly rebeled against his father's rule. When he was elected and crowned King of Germany he took an oath to swear he would never get into political affairs while his father ruled. Henry IV was then forced to abdicate and died soon after abdication. Citizens of Cologne were punished with a severe fine for the rebellion.
On 7 January 1114, Matilda, daughter of King Henry I of England, became the wife of Henry V. Shortly afterwards there was a large uprising in Cologne once again. Henry failed to keep Cologne peaceful and Lothair of Supplinburg defeated his forces on 11 February 1115.
After the Concordat of Worms was signed in September 1122 Henry V was forced to give up all churches to become property of the Catholic Church. In May of 1125 Henry V, after a long hard fought campaign in Holland, was beginning to weaken. After months of ill health he finally recovered but was forced to end the campaign to send more time with his wife. He realized after the long time of ill health that having sons would be wise to keep the alliance with England, since his wife had a claim to the English throne.
Finally, after twelve years of marriage the couple had their first child, a son name Henry. Emperor Henry V nominated his first born son as Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. Then they had two other healthy children and some historians believe, possibly a miscarriage.
In 1135 King Henry of England died, leaving the land to Empress Matilda who had not stepped foot in England since she was a little girl. In 1136, three months after her father's death, Matilda arrived in Normandy, a large territory of England. Her cousin, Stephen created a claim to the throne and marched on England as soon as he could.
Holy Roman Empire and English relations were thus strand because Stephen was now King of England. It was not until 1141 that Matilda captured the crown naming herself Queen of the English. Stephen was then hanged on 31 March 1142. His son and wife were exiled away to Blois, France. Shortly afterwards, the election of the new emperor was underway. In July 1142 Henry VI, eldest son of Emperor Henry V, formally became known as Emperor-elect, a new title that would be given to the person that would eventually succeed the emperor after his reign ended. Henry VI wrote afterwards an oath swearing he would not control the country until after his father's death.
Two years after the crown of England was given to his wife Matilda, Henry V died leaving the kingdom with a seventeen year old immature son.
Emperor Henry V and Empress Matilda had three children that survived infancy. They also had one recorded miscarriage sometime between the birth of Henry and Bertha.
1. Henry VI (8 July 1126- 11 June 1184) became the Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire after his father. After a rebellion with his brother Otto, it was decided by the Treaty of Salian that the Electors could only elect one of the male children of the Emperor. He married in 1154 to Marie I, Countess of Boulogne. They had issues.
2. Bertha (22 June 1132- 18 June 1182) became a nun at a well known Cathederal in Frisia (now the Netherlands).
3, Otto (2 September 1134- 1165?) Created a rebellion against his brothers rule in 1149 when he was just 15 years old.