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Emirate of Córdoba (English)Timeline: Saracen Jihad
Imārah Qurṭuba (Arabic)
OTL equivalent: Emirate of Córdoba
|Official languages||Classical Arabic, Berber, Mozarabic, Medieval Hebrew|
|-||Emir||Abd al-Rahman I (First)|
|-||Abd al-Rahman I proclaimed Emir of Córdoba||756|
The Emirate of Córdoba (Arabic: إمارة قرطبة, Imārah Qurṭuba) was an independent emirate in the Iberian Peninsula founded in 756 with the city of Córdoba as its capital. The emirate's first ruler was Abd-ar-Rahman I of the Umayyads, who managed to escape the Middle East following the death of most of his family in the Abbasid Revolt, which had deposed his family from rule over the Umayyad Caliphate and established the Abbasid Caliphate.
The region of al-Andalus had been ruled by the Caliphate since the Umayyad conquest of Hispania of 711 to 718, in which the Iberian Peninsula was established as a province under the Umayyad Caliphate. These rulers established their capital in Córdoba and received from the Caliph of Damascus the title of wali or emir.