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Emirate of Córdoba (English)
إمارة قرطبة
Imārah Qurṭuba (Arabic)
Timeline: Saracen Jihad
OTL equivalent: Emirate of Córdoba
Umayyad Flag 756 -
Umayyad Flag.svg
Official languages Classical Arabic, Berber, Mozarabic, Medieval Hebrew
Religion Islam
Government Monarchy
 -  Emir Abd al-Rahman I (First)
 -  Abd al-Rahman I proclaimed Emir of Córdoba 756 

The Emirate of Córdoba (Arabic: إمارة قرطبة, Imārah Qurṭuba) was an independent emirate in the Iberian Peninsula founded in 756 with the city of Córdoba as its capital. The emirate's first ruler was Abd-ar-Rahman I of the Umayyads, who managed to escape the Middle East following the death of most of his family in the Abbasid Revolt, which had deposed his family from rule over the Umayyad Caliphate and established the Abbasid Caliphate.

The region of al-Andalus had been ruled by the Caliphate since the Umayyad conquest of Hispania of 711 to 718, in which the Iberian Peninsula was established as a province under the Umayyad Caliphate. These rulers established their capital in Córdoba and received from the Caliph of Damascus the title of wali or emir.