The Emirate of Aquba was a powerful Muslum emirate in the New Cordoban between the 1350's, when the island of Aquba was first discovered, and the Treaty of 1734 which removed much of the emirate's territory. The emirate was first established by Cordoban explorer Mohammed Ahmed al-Akbar, who made himself emir of the fledgling colony of Habana in 1359 and announced his territory an independent emirate separate from mighty Cordoba. Because of Cordoba's reliance on the island of Aquba and the Habana colony there to reach the riches of nearby Mexica, they acquiesed and recognized the Emirate as the first Muslum territory of the New World.
As Cordoban influence grew in the Caribbean Sea and in North Atlantis, Aquba grew powerful as well. The Emir Yusuf bin-Sheikh (r. 1397-1410) invested heavily in the establishment of a powerful navy to protect from various Norse pirates who sailed south from their territories to the north. By 1450, Habana was the largest European city in the New World, and was the staging ground for the gradual mass conversion of the Mexica people to Islam. The Islamic conquest of the New World would never have succeeded without the burgeoning of Habana.
At its zenith in the 16th century, Emir Akbar II (r. 1505-1549) ruled a territory that spanned Aquba, the neighboring islands of Islamiya and Jahariqiya as well as numerous smaller islands, and most of the peninsula of Foraliya. Akbar II's predecessors had cut extremely favorable deals with local Carib tribes and most of the Caribs had converted to Islam by 1500, and a large percentage of Cordoba's Jews had emigrated to Aquba, making Habana one of the most culturally diverse places in the world.