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Eikland Fylk (The Kalmar Union)

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Eikland
— Subdivision of Vinland
Timeline: The Kalmar Union
Vinland Eikland.svg
Flag of Eikland
Capital
(and largest city)
Halfdanbae
Population 900,000 

Eikland Fylk comprises the Eikland peninsula and the large island of Innsygliland directly to its north. Its capital is Halfdanbae and the population is around 900,000, making it the most populous of Vinland's Atlantic Fylkír. It is connected to the Leifian mainland and Passamaquoddia by the Báiguminsóbog isthmus. Kyreyja Fylk lies to the north.

History

The first inhabitants of Eikland were seasonal hunters and the earliest Norse settlers found it easy to claim much of the eastern coastline from the 1020s onwards. The spread of the Norse farms and their relative isolation made it a more tempting target for Leifian raids however, especially from the war-like Wampanoag tribe and the effort to protect and expand the settlements would drive the growth in power of the new Earl families. The seasonal raiding was ended by the building of the Eikveggur across the thinnest part of the isthmus (only 24 km wide) in 1101.

Eikveggur (The Kalmar Union)

The Eastern end of the Eikveggur at Báiguminsóbog

The Eikveggur would subsequently see various major battles, such as the Wampanoag defeat in 1120 and the 1569 defeat of a Portuguese army. Until relatively recently governments made sure to continually maintain and improve the defenses. The imposing walls from Jakobina II's reign are still very much extant along much of the route even though partial demolitions to allow widened roads and railway lines through have removed them, much to many people's distaste, from the main routes on the eastern end.

Behind the safety of the wall the Vinlandic settlements exploded and it absorbed much of Vinland's over-population while Álengiamark suffered its civil war. In the next century it would re-export its own over-population into the Hafsvaedaland and 'poor Eiklanders' would fuel most of the earls' efforts to build domains in the west. The church was also a powerful institution within the fylk and after the effects of the Black Death it would end up owning about a third of the land. This overreaching power, plus general abuses and corruption, would partially drive the Vinlandic Civil War and the Reformation in Vinland.

During the 'Leifian Crisis' a potato blight ruined Eikland's farming economy. Almost half the population would travel westwards to Hafsvaedaland or to Álengiamark in the 1820s.

It is well known for its high grade lobsters though most people are employed in the regular fishing industry or logging or mining. The railway station at Halfdanbae forms the most easterly point of the growing Leifian railway system. In a few years it will be possible to take a train uninterrupted from Halfdanbae all the way to Lingyu in Chinese Leifia in the west and New Katowice and the Gulf ports in the South.

It is divided into 30 counties.

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