War from 1797 to 1805. Map from 1805. Yellow is Spain, blue is Empire of France and Catalonia, red is Green is German Kingdom, Purple is Austran empire (Habsburg), aqua blue is Kingdom of Sardinia, brown is Ottoman Empire, grey is Russia.

Section heading

Empire of France and Catalonia (1756 World) allies itself with Russia and Austria against Britain, Prussia, Sweden and Netherlands.


British Brittany falls to France


  • Swedish government and king move to Kalmar
  • Siege of Stockholm
  • Prussia invades Russian-held East Prussia
  • France invades Prussia, takes Hamburg
  • Spain invades French-held Catalonia
  • British invasion fleet prepared to invade Brittany
  • Rotterdam taken by French, peace treaty siged, Dutch ally themselves with France


France invades Prussia

Kingdom of Sardinia allies with France and Austria after their victories


  • Ottoman Empire join French Alliance, start plans for invasion of Spain.
  • English invade Normandy, capture Le Havre and Cherbourg
  • Battle of Leipzig: Austrians fail to take the town
  • Battle of Barcelona: Barcelona falls to France
  • Catalonia falls to France


  • Battle of Prague: Prussians burn part of the town, but fail to take it
  • Prussians move to Berlin to prepare for its defence
  • Ottomans invade Valencia and begin the march to Madrid
  • Portugal declares war on Spain, invade Bajadoz
  • 2nd Battle of Leipzig: Combined French and Austrian force of 22,000 take the town
  • Start of North American War of Independence
  • Battle of Rouen: English attack Rouen and fail to defeat the French invaders. They are pushed back to Le Havre
  • Great Russian Sweep: Russia takes Zielona Gora (Grünberg in Schlesien) and Dresden.
  • Battle of Berlin: Berlin besieged for 13 days by Austria and France, Russia arrives and Prussia surrenders
  • Siege of Le Havre: Le Havre surrounded and surrenders after 64 days


  • British troops land at Santander to try to defend Madrid from the Ottomans
  • France unites Prussia and German states to form German Kingdom
  • French take Zaragoza, march to Madrid
  • Portuguese Soldiers take Santiago de Compostela
  • British Capture St-Malo
  • Portuguese take Bajadoz and Salamanca
  • Ottomans take Cartagena and Murcia
  • Austrian Navy blockades Gibraltar
  • Siege of Madrid: French Soldiers besiege Madrid
  • Battle of Sevilla: Portuguese troops take Sevilla
  • Battle of Cadiz: Cadiz surrenders to a Portuguese force of 16,000 men
  • Battle of Almeria: Ottoman troops defeat Spanish garrison in Almeria
  • Spanish Navy in Malaga flee for the Balearic Islands
  • British Troops come to reinforce Madrid
  • Battle of Madrid: British and Spanish Soldiers fight the French at Casa de Campo. The French were in risk of losing until Ottoman troops arrived and helped defeat the British and Spanish.
  • Portuguese take Malaga, last Spanish outpost in the south
  • Unconditional surrender of Spain and British troops in Spain


  • Treaty of Madrid signed, British leave Spain
  • French invade Balearic, last Spanish resistance to Napoleon
  • Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia proclaimed king of Spain by Napoleon
  • French invasion of Britain
  • Battle of Southampton: French take control of Southamton and surrounding area and march towards Portsmouth
  • Siege of Portsmouth: Portuguese and French besiege Portsmouth for 84 days (longest siege in the Eight Years' War
  • Gibraltar surrenders to Austrians
  • Wales rebels, joins French alliance and begins a War of independence
  • Austrians and German Kingdom troops land near Eastbourne and occupy the town
  • Cardiff falls to Welsh rebels


  • Portsmouth falls to the Portuguese and French
  • Battle of Crawley: Austrians take Crawley
  • Battle of Bristol: Portuguese defeat British Army
  • Battle of Reading: French and Portuguese soldiers head to Reading, Berkshire, In the war's longest Battle, Britain's largest surviving army is defeated.
  • March on London: French, Portuguese, Austrian and German Kingdom troops head towards London
  • 25 December, 1804: Coalition forces are 68 miles from London
  • Welsh rebels control all of Wales


  • Battle of London, January 6: French, Portuguese, Austrian and German Kingdom soldies fight British troops.
  • January 9: British soldiers surrender to coalition armies after losing more than three-quarters of their army, the coalition only loses one-third of their troops.
  • Treaty of London (23 January, 1805): British officially surrender to Coalition

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