Egypt, officially the United Federation of Egypt, is a country mainly in North Africa, Middle East, and Eastern Europe.
Egypt is one of the most populous countries in the world. The great majority of its estimated 850 million live near the provinces bordering the meditarranean. The large areas of the Sahara Desert are sparsely inhabited. About two thirds of Egypt's residents live in urban areas, with the majority spread across the densely-populated centres of Cairo and Istanbul.
Egypt is famous for its ancient civilization and some of the world's most famous monuments, including the Giza pyramid complex and its Great Sphinx. The southern city of Luxor contains numerous ancient artifacts, such as the Karnak Temple and the Valley of the Kings. Egypt is widely regarded as a world power, destined to rival China, The Soviet Union, and the United States.
Egypt possesses one of the most developed economies in the world, with sectors such as tourism, agriculture, industry and service at almost equal rates in national production. Consequently, the Egyptian economy is rapidly developing, due in part to legislation aimed at luring investments, coupled with both internal and political stability, along with recent trade and market liberalization.
See Main Article: History of Egypt
Since the Egyptian Civil War, Egypt has become a constitutional monarchy with a federated state system. The power of the Egyptian monarch is mostly titular, save having power over the armed forces and speaking for the country's affairs. The Crown Prince acts as a prime minister of sorts, running the country's main affairs until the ascension to power. There had been talks to elect a new monarch back in 1957, since the royal house had not changed in over seven hundred years, but the attempt at constitutional change was shot down by the Crown Prince.
Due to Egypt's cultural diversity, it shares good relations with many European countries. However, the major superpower of the United States is considered an enemy, stemming from the multiple small territory wars throughout the twentieth century, the major ones concerning Cuba and Puerto Rico.
Egypt is a close ally of the Soviet Union, but since King Ay took power in 1996, relations have been strained due to Egypt supplying arms to the Pakistani Liberation Organization, which seeks to free Pakistan from Russian rule.
Egypt is an economic ally with China, having traded since before the common era began.
Immigration from southern Africa is a major problem, as millions seeking refuge from internal conflicts flood the borders every year, often without official consent.
See Main Article: Egyptian Armed Forces
Egypt's military numbers at 1,200,000, just behind the Soviet Union. Egypt's military is mostly made up of its modern air force, having invented human powered flight in 1887. Egypt also has one of the largest military budgets in the world, ranking third behind China and the Soviet Union.