Sultanate of Egypt
السلطنة المصرية
Timeline: Austria and others

OTL equivalent: Egypt without the Sinai peninsula
Flag of Egypt (1882-1922) Coat of Arms of the Sultan of Egypt
Flag Coat of Arms
Capital Cairo
Largest city Cairo
Other cities Alexandria, Faiyum, Suez, Aswan
  others Coptic
Vulpine paganism, Islamism
  others Coptic Christianism
Demonym Egyptian
Government Monarchy
Sultan Fuad II
  Royal house: Muhammad Ali
Prime-Minister Hosni Mubarak
Area 952,540 km²
Population 47,000,000 
Established 1914
Independence from United Kingdom
  declared 1922
Currency Pound
Egypt (Coptic: Ⲭⲏⲙⲓ, Kīmi; Greek: Αίγυπτος, Aiguptos; Egyptian: 𓆎𓅓𓏏𓊖 Kemet), officially the Sultanate of Egypt, is a country in North Africa. Covering an area of about 950,000 sq km, Egypt is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Byzantine Empire to the northeast, the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south and Libya to the west.

Egypt is one of the most populous countries in Africa and the Middle East. The great majority of its estimated 47 million people live near the banks of the Nile River, in an area of about 40,000 sq km (15,000 sq mi), where the only arable land is found. The large areas of the Sahara Desert are sparsely inhabited. About half of Egypt's residents live in urban areas, with most spread across the densely populated centres of greater Cairo, Alexandria and other major cities in the Nile Delta.

Egypt is famous for its ancient civilization and some of the world's most famous monuments, including the Giza pyramid complex and its Great Sphinx. Its ancient ruins, such as those of Memphis, Thebes, Karnak and the Valley of the Kings, are a significant focus of archaeological study, and artefacts from these sites are now displayed in major museums around the world.

Egypt possesses one of the most developed and diversified economies in the Middle East, with sectors such as tourism, agriculture, industry and service at almost equal production levels. The Egyptian economy is rapidly developing, due in part to legislation aimed at luring investments, coupled with both internal and political stability, along with recent trade and market liberalization.

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